The Latent History Of Amelia Earhart's 1937 World Flight Outcome

Home Page; Amelia Earhart
About 'Protecting Earhart'
Protecting Earhart's Investigation Results
Separating Fact From Fiction About Amelia Earhart
The Gervais-Irene, AKA 'The New Irene Craigmile'...
The U.S. Military And State Department Grew Aware During The World War Two Era...
To The White House: An Open Letter About Amelia Earhart
The Misguided 'Castaways' Claim
Forensic Comparisons: Naturally Revealing The Truth
The 1982 'Red Herring' Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune Series
Hiding The Truth With Photo Forgeries
Amelia Earhart: Controversial 'Leaked' U.S. State Department Information
Why The Truth About Amelia Earhart Was Dismissed
Evidence Of Amelia's Plane In The Marshall Islands(?)
Forensic Analysis Support: Seeking Privacy, Amelia Optioned For A New Identity
Monsignor James Francis Kelley & Astronaut Wally Schirra Discuss Amelia Earhart
About Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam; Did You Know?
A Less Recalled Look At Amelia Earhart's 1937 Disappearance
The History of Amelia Earhart Mystery 'Investigative Research'
Detours Taken In Pursuit Of Answers; The Real Joe Gervais
Amelia Earhart Press Notice Samples
Amelia Earhart: True or False
Three Women Used The Same 'Irene' Identity, One Was FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

Welcome To Protecting Earhart's
Website, ''
2017 Marks The 80th Anniversary of Amelia Earhart's controversial disappearance.
Irene-Amelia.Com previews the ten-year forensic analysis and MSS, Protecting Earhart scheduled for publication this year. [Protecting Earhart U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]


What Protecting Earhart Conveys...
'The best available evidence'
Backed by a half-century of investigative research on Amelia Earhart's disappearance, for over a decade this website has been available on-line via service provider, Web.Com.
The once arcane information it displays [initially discovered and revealed on a national level in the 1960s and 1970s] has never been overchallenged. Just the same, by now today's general population has heard so many different things about Amelia's disappearance it is no longer familiar with the true gist of the controversy.
Below: Some of the last photos taken of Amelia Earhart in New Guinea just before she and her navigator, Fred Noonan went missing. Left-to-right, Amelia with one Frank Howard; with F. C. Jacobs and Fred Noonan; with Noonan just before they boarded her Lockheed Electra; a photo of the duo's final takeoff.


Ever since the World War Two era, to this day the 'official silence' regard the United States and Japan chose to emanate toward Amelia Earhart's world-flight ending continues to discourage people from embracing learned forensic truehoods about it. As a result, public opinion has always had a hard time when it came to collectively recognizing and accepting them.
A few influential dissenters further darkened the common think-tank about Amelia's disappearance by suggesting it was obscured by a vast conspiracy, even though it never was. Easier to understand is how the truth was buried long ago by the select few who were clued in about it.
No matter, it became plainly evident to those who most deeply studied the nuances and gradations of it all: There was nothing innocent about the 1937 so-called, 'disappearance' of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan.

Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR

"I hope I've just got to never make it public." 1938 words of the White House adminstration's, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. on what the U.S. Executive Branch knew and withheld about Amelia Earhart's disappearance.
Above, prominent cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. [shown with President Franklin D. Roosevelt] plainly described how the White House withheld information about the outcome of Amelia's 1937 world flight in an official White House transcript dated May 13, 1938, ten months after Amelia and Fred Noonan went missing. One of FDR's better friends and most trusted advisors dating back to his term as governor of New York, when Morgenthau avowed he 'never wanted to have to make public' what happened during the untimely ending of Amelia's world flight [how her plane had been engaged by Japanese aircraft after she steered too far north of England's Gilbert Islands into hostile territory] he was responding to a query about it forwarded to him by First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt who had been a good friend of Amelia's. By virtue of Morgenthau's additional words preceding his, "I hope I've just got to never make it public" statement, that in its entirety reads, "What that woman--happened to her the last few minutes. I hope I've just got to never make it public," in time it became clear the White House initially believed Amelia's plane was shot down by Japan and she and Noonan died that way, before it learned they managed to survive in Japan's custody after ditching in the lower Marshall Islands. In any case, FDR's administration never did 'make public' anything it ever came to know about the actual outcome of Amelia's last flight. 

1987, 50-year commemorative Marshall Islands Stamp
Depicts Earhart & Noonan and their plane's retrieval by Japan at Mili Atoll

Juxtaposed to a number of postulations about Amelia Earhart's true fate, the information presented here, some traceable to the adroit handling of pre-World War Two circumstances by the United States Executive Branch, was accounted for and analyzed over the years by a variety of reputable investigators.
In other words, it's real
The truth always prevails, and one is well advised to accept the the best available evidence when it comes to assessing what really happened to Amelia Earhart in July of 1937, and what became of her afterward.
This is all Protecting Earhart offers: 'The best available evidence.'  Thank you.


The History of Protecting Earhart
From the mid-1990s on, Protecting Earhart extensively analyzed and expanded on the previous investigative research of Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner, Randall Brink, Donald Moyer Wilson, and Rollin Reineck. Each devoted decades to unconvering the non-conveyed realities of Amelia's last flight, with their individual efforts resulting in the following published accounts:

Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
The first book to expound on Amelia's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
Best Seller; Concluded Amelia went down in the Marshall Islands and ended up in Japan's custody.
1970 Joe Klaas book re: Joe Gervais' investigation
A best seller, concluded Amelia survived World War Two in Japan's custody.

Don Wilson's 1993 book, Amelia Earhart Lost Legend
Cited numerous Pacific Island accounts describing Amelia's post-loss survival in Japan's Mandates

By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
First book to promote Protecting Earhart's then in-progress forensic analysis

Below, Randall Brink's thoroughly engrossing Amelia Earhart final flight expose', Lost Star:

Randall Brink's 1993 'Best Seller'...
Concluded Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshalls and were picked up & held by Japan.

Before the advent of the computer age, the most important discovered truths about Amelia Earhart's world flight--some quite controversial--had only been accessed by the tenacious, doggedly persistent individuals listed above.
Times have changed; anymore the actual history of Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome is available to anyone who cares to know it. 
Although the previous investigation efforts of the above researchers have long been recognized, the bulk of the American public still dismisses the learned realities of Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome. This is due to the side-step posturing maintained toward the latent recorded history of Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome in Washington--that left the subject an easy target for rumor-mill obfuscation.
obfuscation: n; the action of making something obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.
Additionally, the highfalutin claims of different 'mystery solving theorists' in recent decades managed to exacerbate it all.
highfalutin: adj; pretentious use of language elaborated or heightened by artificial or empty means; pompous.
Reality ultimately comes into play in the following manner where the truth about Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome is concerned:
The best evidence shows how upon failing to complete their world flight journey, Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan did not crash and sink near Howland Island, nor did they crash into a mountain on New Britain Island, nor did they fly into a desert ocean where they perished as castaways on the uninhabited island of Nikumaroro [FKA, Gardner Island.]
In recent decades however, private-run cottage industries began re-promoting these once discarded ideas along with a few others in the interest of suggesting different areas to look for Amelia's plane. Their efforts generated media attention in the process and underwriting support from hopeful, all be them less-informed individuals. Combined they managed to obfuscate the legitimate discoveries made pertaining to the true outcome of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight--that began with the affirmation of she and her navigator, Fred Noonan ending up in Japan's Marshall Islands.

Plate from a 1987 Marshall Islands stamp series
Earhart's Electra shown ending-up in the Marshall Islands

Dismissing misguided suggestions about Amelia Earhart's world flight is done by appreciating the full historical value of the events surrounding her so-called 'disappearance.' Foremost was Japan's declaration of war against China just five days after Amelia and Fred Noonan went 'missing,' an act that all-but severed the diplomatic relationship between Japan and the United States. Recall here as well, back then the Marshall Islands--that Japan was illegally fortifying at the time--was considered a highly restricted territory that did not welcome American visitors.

While the public viewpoint has always had a hard time coming to terms with it, here is what history itself recalls about Amelia Earhart's world flight attempt and its unplanned outcome:

Marshall Islands Ambassador, Alfred Capelle...
told the Associated Press in 2002: "Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937"

The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their crash and retrieval at Mili Atoll

Ever since July of 1937 and the pre-World War Two era, the Marshall Islands general population and its government officials continuously advocated how Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up going down there on a reef adjacent to Mili Atoll. Best descriptions had it, where after flying slightly north-eastward from New Guinea and passing over the British Gilbert Islands during the night, the duo failed to locate their intended destination of Howland Island in the morning, leaving them no choice but to exercise their pre-described 'Plan B' option of heading back to the Gilberts. Avoiding earlier encountered storm squalls upon doing so, they steered too far north and ended up going down in Japan's Marshall Islands instead, situated just above the Gilberts:

Note the Marshall Islands north of the Gilberts
Note Howland and Baker Islands north of the Equator above the Phoenix Islands

With England's civilized Gilberts featuring two landing areas still within their reach, [Amelia's plane had close to a 4,500 mile flight range; New Guinea to Howland was a 2,550 mile flight] the two experienced pilots had no intention, nor would they have optioned to fly below the Equator to the barren wastelands of the Phoenix Islands group, as such a move would have courted certain death. It was later proved the duo's ongoing in-flight radio transmissions were suppressed after they missed Howland [by the White House in cooperation with U.S. Naval intelligence and the Coast Guard] as they remained determined to fly-on to where they knew they could land safely--as opposed to favoring the senseless idea of heading to a desolate place where no people or landing areas existed. [Such as the misguided, albeit highly touted, 'Nikumaroro castaways claim' that the Smithsonian has always dismissed as 'unsupported by any credible evidence.']

The Basic Amelia Earhart, Fred Noonan 'Disappearance' Story
After initially starting out in Oakland, California and heading eastward, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan then took off from Miami, Florida on June 1, 1937 to embark on their Globe Circling Flight at the Equator in Amelia's Lockheed Electra--a sleek, new plane that had been nicknamed, 'the Flying Laboratory.' Thirty-one days later they fell short of completing their journey, were described to have 'vanished without a trace,' and purportedly, they were never seen again.
Protecting Earhart displays the above, 'vanished without a trace' summation to have been incorrect. It also presents the post-loss reality of Amelia Earhart, overchallenging the 'official silence' credo historically attributed to her disappearance:

"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery." From Marilyn Bender and Selig Altshull's Pan Am & aviation history expose', The Chosen Instrument, Simon & Schuster, 1982.
The always heeded to 'official silence' in Washington and Tokyo left people uncertain if Amelia Earhart managed to survive her storied 'disappearance.' In support of a decades-old, 'never disproved' assertion, Protecting Earhart delivers a forensic reality viewpoint that shows how Amelia actually did continue to live-on in Japan's custody, and further displays, against the grain of convention, how she returned to the United States at the end of World War Two and was later recognized as one of three women attributed to the same name of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam."  
From the time he first met her in 1965 at a prestigious gathering of retired pilots in New York until his death in 2005, USAF Major, Joe Gervais (ret.) staunchly maintained this particular Irene Bolam, shown above in a 1976 photo taken in Jamaica, was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' [See the comparisons below and throughout Protecting Earhart's website.] A forensic analysis being conducted when Major Gervais died ended up proving him correct. This photo does depict the woman who in the 1930s was known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Although well adept at skirting the subject of Amelia's post-loss circumstances, the U.S. State Department, Federal, and Executive Branches have never denied this truth, and never will.

Over the years the public has been persuaded not to consider the possibility Amelia's post-loss 'private' survival by dogmatic influences. Protecting Earhart's new millennium 'ten-year forensic analysis' speaks for itself by presenting what any further exists as a rather obvious, albeit overlooked historical reality:

Rare photo of Amelia Earhart
Looking tired in New Guinea, just before she went missing.

 Amelia, age 30, after her
'Friendship' Atlantic crossing.
When one compares the care-worn Amelia photo on the left to the more relaxed & cheerful one on the right, it's hard to recognize they are mid-1930s photos of the same person. Directly above is a photo of Amelia after she completed her Friendship Flight that instantly catapulted her from obscurity to world fame.

Two photos superimposed: Amelia as herself in 1933 and as 'Irene' in 1965

Amelia, 1936
Later as 'Irene' she sometimes sported a similar hairstyle.

Left: Irene [the 'Gervais-Irene'] in Japan in 1963.
Right: Superimposed with her former 'Amelia' self.
[Beyond the comparisons displayed throughout this website, check
out a slow-motion dissolve by clicking on]
  1930                      Early 1940s                  1946
The three different women historically identified as one in the
same, "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Past denials
notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown in 1946
on the far-right [the Gervais-Irene] was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' 
From above, consider the 1965 words of World War Two Pacific Fleet Commander, Admiral Chester Nimitz, who described how even though their actual fate was never publicly advertised, the controversial reality of Earhart and Noonan ending up in the Marshall Islands in Japan's custody was long ago, 'known and documented in Washington.' 1965 was over fifty-years ago. In subsequent years, the public barely noticed as Admiral Nimitz' disclosure ended up swept under the rug of official history. No matter, over time the verisimilitude of his admission was deemed credible by follow-up investigators who studied Amelia Earhart's disappearance. Not to leave out, as mentioned, in the Marshall Islands it has always been commonly recognized that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there in 1937, allowing the more serious debate to focus on what became of the Earhart-Noonan duo after that. In Amelia's case, anymore her post-loss survival as one of three people attributed to the same identity is fairly obvious.
From the early to mid-1960s, KCBS Radio investigative journalist, Fred Goerner was granted several interviews with Admiral Chester Nimitz pertaining to the true outcome of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight. The great Admiral confided in Goerner that Amelia ended up in Japan's custody in 1937 after going down in the Marshall Islands. Goerner affirmed such a truth after conducting his own deep investigation, and soon after, his 1966 groundbreaking book, The Search For Amelia Earhart found itself on the New York Times Best-Seller list for twelve straight weeks. The fallout Goerner caused along with the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, led to strong influences geared toward diverting news media outlets away from conveying the most controversial realities of Amelia Earhart's world flight ending to the public. Amazingly, the tradition of safe, if not biased reporting in the U.S. when it comes to addressing Amelia Earhart's disappearance continues to remain in place today.

A Closer Look At Admiral Nimitz' Disclosure
As mentioned, in the 1960s Admiral Chester Nimitz confided in CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner how it was long ago, "documented in Washington" that "Earhart and her navigator went down in the Marshall Islands and were picked up by the Japanese." As 'classified' information, Admiral Nimitz added it became a common assumption among he and his military peers who shared his level of intelligence, that Amelia and Fred Noonan must have died at some point while in Japan's custody. The idea that Amelia managed to live-on wasn't even considered, although anymore it's obvious that she did. 

Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis....
...displayed Amelia alive as 'Irene' for nearly four decades after WWII

The Truth...
From 1970 to 2016, four nationally published books authored by different investigative researchers concluded Amelia Earhart survived her 1937 disappearance in Japan's custody and eventually changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile,' the same name of a 1930s acquaintance of hers. Unlike Amelia's background, Protecting Earhart's investigative research revealed the original Irene Craigmile's existence during the 1930s to have been ambiguous, even sordid at times, and exemplified a person who generally lacked ambition. [See further below for a brief on the original, 'Irene Craigmile.']

The Joe Klaas-Joe Gervais book:
A best-seller in 1970, it determined Amelia privately survived and later changed her name to Irene.
By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
A first hand account; note Irene's photo on the cover.
By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2003
Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
Most recent, by W. C. Jameson
Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'

USAF Major, Joe Gervais was first to realize the 'Amelia became Irene' equation in 1965, with his five-year 'investigative research' assessment of it later appearing in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. In time a slew of follow up investigators [and authors] who seriously looked into the controversy came to agree with Gervais, and they determined Amelia accepted her new existence as 'Irene' not only for political reasons, but because she no longer wanted to be a famous, 'public' person. As a good friend and confidant of hers, former Seton Hall College president, Monsignor James Francis Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey described it to Rockville, Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley in 1987: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."
Another decade would pass after Monsignor Kelley described what he did to Dean Magley, before Protecting Earhart's 'first of its kind' quantitative forensic analysis began highlighting the credibility of the well-known Monsignor's words. [See the upper-left Monsignor Kelley page-link for more.]
The Protecting Earhart MSS expounded on the results of its long-term, comprehensive analysis backed by extensive supportive research, thus enabling it to forensically endorse the conclusion of Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival that left her further known as, 'Irene Craigmile' after World War Two. [Note: In 1958 said 'Irene Craigmile' married Guy Bolam of England, thereafter leaving her known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.']
The Truth...

About the original, Irene Craigmile:

The Original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
Shown with her husband Charles & her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley.
The original Irene Craigmile, 1932
Amelia and Viola Gentry helped her get flying lessons

The original Irene Craigmile and
Amelia Earhart were acquaintances.
The original Irene Craigmile's maiden name was 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley.' She was an only child. Best estimates described her as 'born in 1904' although no birth certificate for her was ever located.  Her mother, Bridget Doyle O'Crowley, who called her daughter 'Madeline,' died when her daughter was twelve. Following his wife's death, the original Irene's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley [known as 'Joe'] found it difficult to raise his daughter alone so she was left to be cared for by her paternal grandmother, Sarah Rutherford O'Crowley and her paternal aunt, an attorney by the name of Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, Sarah's daughter. In 1920 said mother and daughter team lived together on Lombardy Street in Newark, New Jersey with young Irene, who was listed as 'age 14' at the time. Joe O'Crowley had remarried by then and saw his daughter less frequently. 
Note: The above mentioned original Irene's aunt, attorney Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley was the first woman to pass the New Jersey state bar exam. She was also a prominent ZONTA member who in 1928 oversaw and was the emcee for Amelia Earhart's induction into the ZONTA organization, an exclusive club for prominent professional women. Amelia and attorney Irene remained friends from that point on.
Around 1928 as well, Sarah O'Crowley and her daughter, attorney Irene O'Crowley began caring for a four year old little girl who attorney Irene described as 'the daughter' of a deceased relative. By then the original Irene had married and was living in Pequannock, New Jersey with her first husband, Charles Craigmile, who she wed in 1927.
In 1931, while he and the original Irene were on a road trip together visiting his parents, Charles Craigmile tragically died from internal poisoning after his appendix burst.
A year later, Amelia Earhart and Viola Gentry helped arrange flying lessons for the original Irene to lift her spirits, and in late May of 1933 she was awarded her pilot's license--only to realize she was newly pregnant out of wedlock at the time, thus ending her brief stint as a pilot. [It was the second time the original Irene had become pregnant out of wedlock. The first time occurred before she met Charles Craigmile.] Within a few months of realizing she was pregnant the original Irene eloped to marry the father of her child, her last flight instructor, Alvin Heller. Their son, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller was then born in March of 1934.
Unfortunately, their matrimony was short lived. By the late 1930s Al Heller had moved to Buffalo to work at the Curtis Wright airplane factory and the couple's marriage was soon after annulled. An ugly custody battle for their son also ensued with both Al Heller and the original Irene accusing each other of poor parenting, excessive drinking and promiscuous behavior. Amid this turmoil their son was often left in the care of others, then strangely enough, by the early 1940s his mother, the original Irene no longer appeared extant.
A few years later, in 1946, a different woman sporting the original Irene's same identity could be found working at the Peoples National Bank of Long Island as a Senior Loan Officer. Where Amelia's career left her familiar with the world of high finance, the original Irene had no work experience or education relative to the banking industry. In fact, beyond her losing her first husband in 1931, her short lark as a pilot, eloping to marry in 1933 then having a baby in 1934, the original Irene's employment history only showed her having worked as a department store 'floor walker.' 
It is evident the original Irene's son, who grew up to be a Pan Am pilot, only recalled a surrogate mother figure from prior to his enrolling at a boarding school in the early 1940s, for the woman he identified as his 'childhood mother' for Protecting Earhart, the 'Non Gervais-Irene,' was much younger than his biological mother. In recent years this forensic reality was verified by way of Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. [Note: The lengthy, 'Al Heller, Irene Craigmile 1938-1942 annulment and child custody case file' is viewable at the Nassau County, Long Island public records division.]
Anymore, An Obvious Reality...
Late 1945, Enter The 'New' Irene Craigmile
After the 'new' Irene Craigmile emerged in the United States following World War Two, twenty-years would pass before anyone would suspect her as the former Amelia Earhart. By then she was 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' as a result of her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England. As the debate about her enigmatic persona and odd air of importance continued to grow in the 1970s and 1980s, even some of her close family and friends began to struggle with the question of her true identity. It wasn't until Protecting Earhart's new millennium forensic study took place that the person she used to be finally became self-evident:  

Top middle: Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
Bottom row, far left; Amelia; middle, her future self; right, Amelia

Gervais-Irene Craigmile became Irene Bolam in 1958
LPGA Promoter, Peter Busatti with his friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in the 1970s

Above and below: © Protecting Earhart

"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""I told her she looked like Amelia Earhart and she said, ""No, I don't look like her."" ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, ""When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said. At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to know her." Excerpts from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article.
"...all the admirals and generals seemed to know her."

Below: 1928 Amelia photo starts morphing...
...a photo of her later self.

Gervais-Irene Bolam in Cocoa Beach, Florida, 1965
...a 1935 photo of her former self,
Amelia Earhart

The Truth...
Anymore it is forensically irrevocable that the Gervais-Irene was known as 'Amelia Earhart' in the United States prior to the 1940s. Incredibly enough, for decades important sounding people have been [and still are] trying to convince the public otherwise.  
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis not only compared physical beings, it also compared character traits, to include a document examination handwriting analysis. Two samples from the handwriting analysis appear below the following text:
In The Gervais-Irene's Own Words...
"I can offer in evidence two people whom you may call for verification of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away completely, so long as there is one person alive who still remembers her."
Above: Two cryptic Gervais-Irene quotes from a 1967 letter she wrote to retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais. [See handwritten excerpt & comparison below.] Note her non denial-denial language use, "...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," where she plainly stated the two people she referenced knew her by different names; Amelia and Irene. [The 'two people' were Amelia's well known 1930s' pilot friends, Viola Gentry & Elmo Pickerill who reckoned her as 'Irene' after the World War Two era.] Note as well, her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart" as if she likened the name to a ship that had sunk long ago.
Below: Two handwriting comparison samples from Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. Handwritten letters of Amelia's and the Gervais-Irene's were compared and evaluated.   

Gervais-Irene's handwriting compared to Amelia's:
From a 1967 letter she sent to Joe Gervais, with Amelia's own "Amelia M. Earhart" signature added.

Gervais-Irene cursive letters compared to Amelia's
From Protecting Earhart's study; above left side: The Gevais-Irene; Above right side: Amelia Earhart

Below Amelia, left, becomes her future self, right
Secone row, the Gervais-Irene turns back into her former 'Amelia' self

1944 USAAF Marshall Islands reconnaissance photo
Taken on a bombing run over Taroa, eyewitnesses claimed Amelia's 'wing damaged' plane ended up there

Common Knowledge Elsewhere
It has long been considered 'common knowledge' in the Marshall Islands that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there before they were picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Recall in 1937, Japan was the ruling government authority in the Marshalls and its other surrounding Mandate Islands where Americans were not welcome. Hostility was brewing there at the time and the local Mandate Islands populations feared the authoritarian rule of Japan's military. The Marshall Islands went on to become a stronghold for Japan's Imperial Navy and Air Force during World War Two, until U.S. armed forces conquered and occupied them in 1944, temporarily placing Admiral Nimitz in charge there. Following the war, with much help from the United States, eventually the Marshall Islands became its own governing republic.
"Tokyo Rosa" Versus "Tokyo Rose"
After she was picked up and detained by Japan, Amelia was soon being referred to by Mandate Islands local populations as, "Tokyo Rosa." This was years before World War Two American soldiers stationed in the Pacific began listening to Japan's NHK Radio, 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts. United States post-war efforts diffused Tokyo Rose's original association with the detained Amelia Earhart, who had inspired Japan's invention of the Tokyo Rose broadcasts. A few years after the war, the FBI asserted no one ever used the name of 'Tokyo Rose.' Soldiers who heard her broadcasts strongly disagreed, testifying there was at least one American accented female among a few others who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," further describing how she ended her night-time broadcasts by saying, "This is Tokyo Rose, goodnight, and try and sleep if you can."
An American woman of Japanese descent, Iva Toguri was a UCLA student on break when she found herself stuck in Japan after the Pearl Harbor attack. Iva was arrested as 'Tokyo Rose' after the war, although she never used that name. Iva's radio name was, 'Orphan Ann.' It is fairly certain how immediately after VJ Day, Iva Toguri was railroaded into being falsely attributed to the name of 'Tokyo Rose' in an attempt to deflect its war-years association with 'Tokyo Rosa,' AKA 'the detained by Japan, Amelia Earhart.' After all, according to the recognized facts in the United States as World War Two was heating-up, Amelia was said to have 'disappeared' in 1937, and she was legally declared 'dead' in 1939.
A Japanese translated definition of 'Tokyo Rose' is: "That held by the Chrysanthemum." The Chrysanthemum flower has long adorned the seal of the Emperor of Japan.

Tokyo Rose did exist...
After the war the FBI asserted Tokyo Rose was never personified. Soldiers who heard her disagreed.

On Amelia's Continued Survival...
Protecting Earhart shows how the conveyance of Amelia Earhart's continued survival with a different identity was never as far-fetched as some people made it out to be. 
For instance, after Charles Lindbergh died in 1974, thirty more years passed before it was verified [in 2004] that he spent a great deal of time in Europe from the 1950s to the 1970s leading a double life as 'Careu Kent,' even fathering children there while doing so--with his American family unaware of it.
Protecting Earhart forensically displays how after 1970, the year the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy first surfaced, decades worth of follow-up investigative research unraveled and revealed a well hidden truth, where subsequent to when Amelia Earhart went missing in 1937, she too ended up leading a double life after acquiescing the left-over identity of a former acquaintance of hers, 'Irene [nee O'Crowley] Craigmile.'
Anymore, this forensic truehood is incontestable.

030.JPG                              fixed42.jpg
Above left: Amelia Earhart   Above right: the original Irene Craigmile [nee O'Crowley] shown with her husband and father in 1930
Again, the Gervais-Irene in Japan in 1963, then
superimposed with her former 'Amelia' self.
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis revealed
three different women had been attributed to the
same 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity, and one of
them was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
  © Protecting Earhart
Again, the three different women attributed to the same Irene Craigmile identity: On the left is the original Irene Craigmile in 1930, whose family Amelia had known. 
In the middle is the second Irene Craigmile shown in the early to mid-1940s; on the right is the third Irene Craigmile [Gervais-Irene] in 1946, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.'
The original Irene Craigmile's son, Larry Heller, who never came to know his true biological mother, specifically identified the Irene shown in the middle as his 'mother.'
A few years ago a rumor surfaced suggesting the 'Amelia became Irene' assertion had been disproved. It wasn't true. As a ward of the U.S. government, it has never been endorsed to conduct its own official investigation into Amelia Earhart's disappearance, but in 2015, commenting on the suggestion of Amelia's eventual name change to 'Irene,'  the Smithsonian Institution itself advocated that the Irene-Amelia controversy, "lives on."
The Truth...  

Many have questioned, ridiculed, even shouted-down the reality of Amelia's post-loss survival and later existence as 'Irene.' To all who still disbelieve, the following quote about 'truth' is applicable: 


"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer


It is now certain how over the course of several decades, a historically important truth about Amelia Earhart evolved to be self-evident: Three different women were attributed to the same identity of 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam,' and one of them was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' 

Amelia & her future self, the Gervais-Irene

Below: Two more examples from over two-hundred comparisons displayed in Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. The "self-evident" truth is not only correct, anymore it is obvious. Head to toe and character trait wise, Amelia and the Gervais-Irene proved to be 'naturally congruent' to each other because they were one-in-the-same human being known by different names in different eras. It may never be fully known how such a thing happened, all that is known is it did happen.

"Special recognition goes to Tod Swindell, [of 'Protecting Earhart'] who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of Irene Bolam and Amelia Earhart to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck [Ret.], from the Preface in his book, Amelia Earhart Survived. 
Left: The Gervais-Irene Bolam in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976;
Middle to far right, superimposed with her former self.
© Protecting Earhart
"The forensic studies are very convincing. She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well placed people and was well traveled." From an Associated Press article by Ron Staton, John Bolam, the survived brother-in-law of the Gervais-Irene refers to Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. John Bolam was the brother of the Gervais-Irene's British husband, Guy who she wed in 1958. He described his brother, Guy [who died in 1970] as 'a past MI-6 operative.'

Amelia Earhart
1923 into a mirror 'selfie'
Two photos superimposed
Amelia & her later self, the Gervais-Irene

Nikumaroro? Beware The Hype...
Curious about numerous press releases describing shoe heels, metal scraps, native bones and a lot of other debris found on Nikumaroro Island over the years? Don't be. During the past three decades nothing retrieved from the once colonized island was ever authenticated as something left behind by Amelia Earhart's last flight. Beware of the hype geared toward donation gathering in support of the misguided Nikumaroro claim. The most prominent Amelia Earhart scholars who investigated the true controversy of her disappearance over the years have always negated it:

Nikumaroro, FKA 'Gardner' Island
Despite the highly-concocted claim, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan never came close to it.

Amelia's "Last Great Flight"
Before she left on her world flight, Amelia Earhart publicized it would be her 'last great flight.' That it was, and not only was it marking the end of her career as a record setting pilot, she was also saying goodbye to being recognized as one of the most famous women on earth. As well, privately she had been contemplating her exit from her six-year marriage to her manager and publicist, George Putnam.
"...I was closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." Amelia's famous pilot friend, Jackie Cochran, commenting on the year before Amelia left on her world flight.
"...Life might not have held such a happy future for her." Eleanor Roosevelt, commenting on her friend, Amelia, the day after she was reported 'missing.'
Where an odd turn of events left Amelia Earhart 'a missing person' in 1937, missing person cases are solved in two ways: 1.) By finding the missing person, or 2.) By finding the body of the missing person.
Orville Wright and Amelia Earhart
The Truth...
Ever since Amelia Earhart was declared a 'missing person' on July 2, 1937, official history has subtly coerced the public to believe her body was never seen again by anyone. Over the years though, investigators interviewed many eyewitnessess, Marshall Islands government officials, and a contingency of World War Two veterans from the U.S. and Japan who strongly disagreed with this persuasion. Instead, they described how Amelia was a victim of inordinate circumstances who lived well beyond the day she was reported 'missing.' U.S. Navy Admiral, Chester Nimitz in 1965: "It was known and documented in Washington." U.S. Air Force Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.) when interviewed by the National Geographic Channel: "Amelia Earhart survived, there's no doubt about it anymore."
Proud with her wings, Mrs. Irene Bolam in 1978
[AKA, the 'Gervais-Irene' FKA 'Amelia Earhart.']
According to record, Mrs. Irene Bolam had a son
who was born in 1934. When personally interviewed
by Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell, her 'son' identified
an entirely different woman to have been his 'mother' than
the Mrs.  Irene Bolam displayed in the above photograph.
 Below left: A 1940s photo of the woman identified by Irene Bolam's son as his 'mother.'
Below right: A 1946 photo of the woman who was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
[AKA the Gervais-Irene, it marks the earliest known post-disappearance photo of her.]
A later photograph taken of her by retired USAF Major, Joe Gervais when they met in
1965 was published in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. Niether of these women
identify the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, the true biological mother of her 1934 born son.
  origjunior.jpg  ZontaIrenegradeCB.jpg
 Non Gervais-Irene                     Gervais-Irene
Without a solid foundation for doing so, from 1970 on convention derided the never-settled controversy of Mrs. Irene Bolam, a highly enigmatic woman, who even after she died in 1982 many people continued to suspect she used to be Amelia Earhart. Upstanding individuals who knew her actually professed she was FKA, 'Earhart.' Senator Barry Goldwater, original seven Astronaut, Wally Schirra, and former President of Seton Hall College, Monsignor James Francis Kelley were among those who had known Irene Bolam. After she died all three affirmed; she had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
By way of Protecting Earhart and the new-millennium, 'ten-year forensic analysis' it represents, people can now examine Amelia Earhart's private survival story more thoroughly than ever before, and learn as well, how the post-World War Two 'Gervais-Irene' body evidence of Mrs. Irene Bolam undeniably did represent the body evidence... of Amelia Earhart.
Head-to-toe, feet, hands, arm lengths, heights, ears, nasals, faces, teeth, necks, shoulders, breastplates, hairlines, etc., not to leave out character traits... when the Gervais-Irene and Amelia were thoroughly compared in Protecting Earhart's study, everything lined up.

"With all that has been learned about it in the new millennium, it is time to 'lift the veil' from what really is the blatant face of truth about Amelia Earhart. Anymore, rejecting this truth and encouraging others to dismiss it, only embraces and promotes a historical delusion." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell
"Weighing all the evidence put together, I believe she did survive. I believe she survived and came back to the United States, but that she wanted her privacy." Lou Foudray, Head of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum.
Below: It is as if a historic 'veil' has long prevented the truth about Amelia Earhart's later life as 'Irene' from being publicly recognized.


Below: Considering the 'veil' hanging over the superimposed faces of Amelia and her future 'Irene' self, note the reference to a 'wire netting' in an excerpt about the famous clairvoyant, Edgar Cayce's July 5, 1937 'trance vision' of what happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. [Many consider Edgar Cayce to have been a human psychic phenomenon.] It's worth noting, the most consistent description of the date of Japan's rescue of the flying duo was 'July 6, 1937.' Here's what Cayce envisioned in his trance three days after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were declared 'missing':

""She is alive and doing much better since the crash. He is panicky, and not injured bodily as much as from exposure and the mental condition. Their plane was damaged during the landing, leaving them stranded. Conditions, to be sure, are gradually growing worse all the time. But there should be the rescue with that set in motion, in the early morning of tomorrow, which is already beginning, but not fully complete yet, and more activity is being shown in the right direction now."

As Edgar Cayce emerged from his trance he had a vision of a 'wire netting,' leading some to interpret Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were taken captive."" From Protecting Earhart's section about The Messenger, a biography of Edgar Cayce by Sydney Kirkpatrick.

The Truth...
When addressing the outcome of the 1937 world flight Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan fell short of completing, this much is certain: The truth was never supposed to become public information:
"It isn't a very nice story. I hope that I've just got to never make it public." 1938, White House Cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. comments on the reluctance of the White House to share what it learned about Amelia Earhart's disappearance. Lost in the shuffle of the World War Two era, the White House never did, 'make it public.'

President Franklin Roosevelt's cabinet, late 1930s
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. is seated to the left of the President

Of Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., whose friendship with FDR dated back to 1915, Eleanor Roosevelt recalled: “For so many years, both as friends and as workers, my husband and I were closely associated with Mr. and Mrs. Henry Morgenthau, Jr. It is interesting to know that my husband never held a political office from the time of his governorship of New York State without having Henry Morgenthau, Jr., in some way in his official family. There was an underlying deep devotion and trust which never really wavered.” 

Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR

More than his Secretary of the Treasury title entailed, the FDR Library references Henry Morgenthau, Jr. as “a personal friend of FDR and one of the most significant figures of the Roosevelt Administration.” Of the FDR Library’s Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. diaries collection, Eleanor Roosevelt remarked, "They will provide material of an essential kind for future historians."
The Truth...
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s expanded commentary on what happened to Amelia Earhart during her world flight quest, as directed to Eleanor Roosevelt by way of a Dictaphone recorded phone call with her secretary, Malvina Scheider, included the following:
Morgenthau: "This letter that Mrs. Roosevelt wrote on trying to get the report on Amelia Earhart..." "If we give it to this one man we've got to make it public..." "...we can't let one man see it." "Amelia Earhart absolutely disregarded all orders..." "if we ever release this thing, goodbye Amelia Earhart's reputation."  "We have the report of all those wireless messages and everything else, what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public. I mean, OK. Well, still if she wants it, I'll tell her, I mean what happened. It isn't a very nice story." From the FDR Library's Morgenthau Diaries Collection, Volume 124, May 9 to May 15, 1938 Part 2, page number 412. [Available online]
As a convenience, amid the turmoil that existed between the United States and Japan begining in the late 1930s and continuing throughout World War Two, the American public was left out of the loop of what happened to Amelia Earhart after her 1937 world flight prematurely ended. Evaluating the information it had gathered, the White House correctly determined that Amelia had failed to steer clear of Japan's guarded Mandate Islands, who viewed her encroachment as an act of aggression. Except the White House incorrectly concluded that Amelia and Fred Noonan died as a result of being brought down by Japan, as Morgenthau alluded to when he described how Amelia's "last few minutes" wasn't "a very nice story."
Henry Morgenthau Jr. [who oversaw FDR's Secret Service division] ended his phone coversation with Ms. Scheider, then turned to the other twelve people meeting with him on Social Security reform at the time, including his key assistant, Stephen Gibbons, further remarking:
Morgenthau: "I mean we tried, people want us to search again [for Earhart] those islands, after what we have gone through. You know the story, don't you?"
Gibbons: "We have evidence that the thing is all over, sure. Terrible. It would be awful to make it public." From the FDR Library's Morgenthau Diaries Collection, Volume 124, May 9 to May 15, 1938 Part 2, page numbers 412 & 413 [Available online]
Whatever 'evidence' the White House claimed it had that led Gibbons to say, "the thing is all over" ten months after Amelia Earhart went missing, it definitely wasn't Amelia Earhart's body.
Of note, Japan never allowed the U.S. to search any of its Mandate Islands for Amelia, most specifically the Marshall Islands, and it never reported on the results of its own promised search effort for Amelia.
"Japan agreed to a search effort of the Marshall Islands, although no report on their progress has been received." From the Honolulu Star Bulletin, July 16, 1937, two weeks after Amelia was declared 'missing.' With the Sino-Japanese war having just begun on July 7, 1937 [just five days after Amelia was reported 'missing'] that resulted in the United States placing embargos on exports to Japan...., Japan defiantly remained quiet about its detainee, Amelia Earhart. To this day, Japan's government has never officially commented on the results of its search effort for Amelia. As with the U.S. government, it has always maintained a vow of strict silence about the subject of Amelia 's loss in general. 
"Is there any way of ascertaining what the Japanese are actually doing, especially as regards a real search of the eastern fringe of the Marshall Islands? That is one of the most fruitful possible locations for wreckage." From a July 31, 1937 letter to White House Attorney, Marvin Macintyre from Amelia's husband, George Putnam.
Later, when Germany invaded Poland in late 1939, the U.S. Executive Branch had recently been assessing the reality of Amelia Earhart's continued survival in Japan's custody after the State Department was notified of a Nipponese Imperial Mandate Islands 'naturalization request' made on Amelia's behalf that August. Helpless to do anything about it with World War Two at hand, the odd request was relegated to 'classified' status until it was found and leaked from State Department files in 1972.
Again, over the years since...
"Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery." From Marilyn Bender and Selig Altshull's aviation history expose', The Chosen Instrument, Simon & Schuster, 1982.

The Truth...

Additional Important History: July 7, 1937, The Second Sino-Japanese War Begins
Right After Amelia Earhart And Fred Noonan Were Declared 'Missing'
Five days after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were declared 'missing,' world headlines shifted their focus to an even greater concern: Japan's invasion of China marked the start of the Sino-Japanese War. Considered a 'highly aggressive act' on Japan's part by the U.S., that had recently begun advising and financially aiding China--so it could build and train a better Air Force for surer defense against Japan--in the immediacy of Amelia's disappearance, diplomacy between the U.S and Japan was instantly strained after Japan's July 7 bombing attack on China. The 'Earhart irony' of Don Tow's story excerpt below, is revealed at the onset of the conflict in the way Japan accused China of harboring a missing Japanese soldier in the Chinese town of Wanping. China refused to let Japan search for the soldier on its own, but offered to search itself while allowing one Japanese officer to accompany its party. Japan rejected the offer, China held its ground, and by day's end Japan was bombing Wanping. Just three days before, the United States had requested permission from Japan to allow it to search the Marshall Islands for Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. Japan refused, well recognizing that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan had no business being near any of its 'off limits to the U.S.' territories. Like China, Japan countered to the U.S. that it would conduct its own search for the flying duo. Japan's Imperial Navy then located Earhart and Noonan and their downed plane at Mili Atoll in the Marshalls on July 6, 1937, although given the gravity of its developing circumstances at the time, it chose not to disclose it, reasoning how rescuing and safely returning the suspect U.S. flying duo would imply a cordial regard existed between Japan the United States, where one had not existed for some time. In short, the timing of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ending up in Japan's custody in the Marshall Islands couldn't have been worse. Below is Don Tow's excerpt describing how the second Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937, the day after Japan located Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan so far off course in its forbidden territory, then took them into custody:
"Shortly before July 7, 1937, Japan had carried out intensive military training exercises in the vicinity of Marco Polo Bridge.  These exercises were held every night, and these exercises greatly alarmed the local Chinese forces.  On July 7, the Japanese army telegraphed the Chinese Nationalist forces stating that a Japanese soldier was missing and believed to be hiding inside the town of Wanping, and demanded that the Japanese army be allowed to enter the town of Wanping to search for the missing soldier. This request was denied by the Chinese army, although China responded that Chinese troops would conduct a search with an attached Japanese officer.  Then Japan sent an ultimatum that Japanese troops must be allowed to enter the town within the next hour or the town would be fired upon.  Around midnight, Japanese artillery started bombarding the town and shortly afterward, their infantry with tanks marched across the bridge.  After a seesaw battle of advances and retreats, the two sides agreed to negotiate.  After several days of negotiation but before the two sides were able to reach an agreement, Japan launched a full-scale attack on Wanping and Beijing.  Just before they were surrounded by the Japanese army, the Chinese Nationalist army retreated from Beijing to the south.  Beijing fell to the Japanese on July 29, and the nearby city of Tianjin fell on July 30; this led eventually to the control by the Japanese of the North China Plain by the end of 1937." Courtesy:

For decades, important sounding individuals have tried to persuade people to ignore the reality of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight outcome and her continued survival as one of three women who shared the same identity of Irene Craigmile Bolam. Here is the forensic truth of it all: 
forensic: adjective
1. pertaining to, connected with, or used in courts of law or public discussion and debate.
2. adapted or suited to argumentation; rhetorical.
forensics: noun
3. [when used with a singular or plural verb] the art or study of argumentation and formal debate.

The United States of America
The United Kingdom

An overlooked reality exists, where ever since the initial two-week search for Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended, there has never been any kind of government endorsed, official investigation in the public interest dedicated to explaining what actually happened to them. Instead, people were encouraged to accept the duo simply crashed into the ocean and sank, while the aforementioned, 'official silence' credo was adopted, to be evermore adhered to.
In the face of the long-held 'Official Silence' about Amelia Earhart's loss in Tokyo and Washington, a number of individuals who deeply investigated the matter professed to have learned the true 'private survival' fate of Amelia Earhart. Some concluded how three of the greatest nations on earth; the United States, Japan, and  the United Kingdom as well shared a 'classified intelligence' level of awareness that pertained to Amelia's private survival dating back to the World War Two era. In recent years, Protecting Earhart's forensic evidence added substantive credence to their common conclusion, to a point where anymore the proof is irrefutable that Amelia Earhart survived to become one of three women attributed to the same identity of, 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam.' In 1958, the Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] married Guy Bolam of England, a described MI-6 operative. She also had several friends in England and Scotland and often traveled there in the 1960s and 1970s. As Amelia she was received by Royalty in England after her 1932 Atlantic solo flight conquest, to include having 'danced the night away' with future King Edward VIII, the Prince of Wales at the time, who would abdicate the throne in late 1936.  
Below: Investigative researcher, Jim Donahue asserted a connection existed between England's successive Prime Ministers, Stanely Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain, and Winston Churchill... along with United States President, Franklin Roosevelt pertaining to the hidden realities of Amelia's 1937 world flight. It proved hard to substantiate, although it remains clear both as Amelia and her later 'Irene' self, she was personally endeared to England ever since she first visited there in 1928.

Jim Donahue's 1987 book
The British Army secured the "Yank Jane Doe" [AKA Earhart] prior to the OSS liberation of Weihsien

  The Truth...
Much more was learned in recent years
about the decades-old, 'Irene-Amelia' controversy...
For years, what became of Earhart and Noonan after they ended up in Japan's custody remained unclear. As far as Amelia Earhart was concerned though, the emergence of the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy in the late 1960s provided a road map to the truth about her continued existence. This was further solidified by Protecting Earhart in the new millennium, when it learned the identity of the Irene in question had been shared by three different women--and one of them, the Gervais-Irene, whose image appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, proved to be a carbon copy of Amelia. To date, opposing theorists continue to downplay these recent, important discoveries, while Wikipedia displays only one of the three women in its brief and misleading, 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page:
Below: The Gervais-Irene Bolam [FKA 'Earhart'] as
displayed on Wikipedia's 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page.
[See the 'Wikipedia's Folly' section further down.] 

 It may be hard to see through to her
at first glance, but this really was
the woman who was previously
known as 'Amelia Earhart.'

Naming The Gervais-Irene...
The 'Gervais-Irene' was named in Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis after USAF Major, Joe Gervais [1924-2005] who met and photographed her at a gathering of well-known retired pilots in 1965, and then deeply investigated her background afterward.

Note: After the "Gervais-Irene" moniker initially appeared in Protecting Earhart's forensic comparison analysis, the moniker and various elements of the analysis appeared in a published book for the first time with permission granted by Tod Swindell and Ann Holtgren Pellegreno to Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, to allow their inclusions in Reineck's book, Amelia Earhart Survived. Extracted elements from the analysis are shown continuously in Amelia Earhart Survived between pages 154 and 165. A correction: On page 164, the book mislabeled Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr. as 'Larry Heller.' 


In his book, Amelia Earhart Survived, Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, who for many years along with USAF Major, Joe Gervais was considered foremost among Amelia Earhart disappearance investigators, first publicly acknowledged and commended the forensic analysis work of Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell, a past collaborator of both:  

"Special recognition goes to Tod Swindell, who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of Irene Bolam and Amelia Earhart to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck, from his book, Amelia Earhart Survived. 

"Indisputable proof exists that she survived, it's just academia's preference to close a blind eye to it. It chooses the easy way out of accepting the pretense that Amelia vanished without a trace on July 2, 1937, never to be seen again."  Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell
Note: As prefaced, the 'Amelia survived and changed her name to Irene' equation originally asserted by USAF Major, Joe Gervais in 1970 has never been disproved. On the contrary, as each decade passed since Gervais first asserted it, the incontestable proof eventually surfaced.
The Truth...
Before Protecting Earhart took it on, a thorough forensic analysis that studied the life history of Irene Bolam and her overall likeness to Amelia Earhart had never been done. In the new millennium, information discovered and revealed by Protecting Earhart restored serious attention to Joe Gervais' past investigative research by summarily displaying how all of the elements of the Irene-Amelia equation could not have amounted to 'just one big coincidence.' In short, continued bias and denials notwithstanding, anymore it is plain-as-day obvious the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart' to anyone who takes the time to objectively evaluate the Earhart disappearance controversy.
Some of Protecting Earhart's many comparison samples:

Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.

Amelia Earhart, 1933

Amelia, 1928

Classic Amelia, the blend begins.

Orville Wright & Amelia

Gervais-Irene & Amelia
Two photos superimposed.
Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
Gervais-Irene,1965 / Amelia,1933
Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
Gervais-Irene,1963 / Amelia,1928
Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
Gervais-Irene,1976 / Amelia,1932
Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
Gervais-Irene,1977 / Amelia,1929

"All the evidence all put together, I feel like she did survive." "I think she survived and came back to the United States, but that she wanted her privacy." Foudray calls the investigative research of Gervais and Swindell, "Just the tip of the Iceberg." Lou Foudray, head of the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum in Atchison, Kansas, quoted from interviews conducted in 2009 by Lara Moritz of KMBC TV, Kansas City, and in 2007 by The Topeka Kansas Capital-Journal's, Jan Biles.
The Smithsonian Institution continues to acknowledge the controversy of Amelia changing her name to 'Irene.' In discussing the various suggestions of Amelia's post-loss survival, it addresses it in the following manner:
[The theory offers] "Earhart survived the war, was repatriated and lived out her life under the assumed identity of a New Jersey woman named Irene Bolam. At least three books were written on this premise." [Note: A fourth book was published in 2016.] "...Bolam sued the publisher of one and it was withdrawn, but is now available again. Bolam died in 1982. The idea lives on." Excerpted from a 2015 Smithsonian Magazine article by Jerry Adler.

Wikipedia's Folly
Note: Wikipedia is a 'public information supplied' forum. It is not recognized as a source of 'official world history' record keeping. 
WARNING: Wikipedia's 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page combined information about the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile with the former Amelia Earhart, who, after World War Two was known by the same 'Irene' name in the United States until she married Englishman, Guy Bolam in 1958. [See the article following this one about the original, Irene Craigmile.]
Wikipedia's page also incorrectly leads one to believe the National Geographic Society hired a forensic detective by the name of Kevin Richlin, who it claimed 'disproved' the 'Amelia became Irene' equation by "concluding the two were not the same." The problem there is, Mr. Richlin never disproved the equation by concluding the two were not the same, nor did he find "many measurable facial differences" as purported in the Wikipedia page, and Mr. Richlin will tell you that himself. Note the "citation needed" added to the claim, relegating such a third-party statement about Mr. Richlin [submitted by Earhart image enthusiast, Alex Mandel] as 'unsupported.'
The other sentence below about W.C. Jameson's 2016 book also appears in the Wikipedia 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page: 
"Kevin Richlin was hired by National Geographic to study photographs of Earhart and Bolam and cited many measurable facial differences between them, concluding that the two people were not the same. [citation needed]"
[Wikipedia notates 'citation needed' where statements are questionable or unsupported.]
"In January 2016, Amelia Earhart: Beyond the Grave by W. C. Jameson was published. The author promotes the theory that Bolam and Earhart were one and the same, despite the above-mentioned facts and circumstances."[This is the final sentence in Wikipedia's 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page.]
Below, Wikipedia featured this photograph of the 'Gervais-Irene' [FKA 'Amelia Earhart'] on its 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page, and omitted how the same Irene identity had been attributed to two other women:
Below: The Gervais-Irene Bolam
FKA 'Amelia Earhart'

Jackie Cochran and Eleanor Roosevelt on Amelia's Disappearance:

Friends, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart
Jackie's husband helped underwrite Amelia's last flight

 "God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous."
Jackie Cochran, about Amelia Earhart
Of the final year that Amelia prepared for her world flight, Jackie Cochran recalled: 
"I was closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." 
 [Quotes from Jackie Cochran's autobiography with Maryann Bucknam Brinley]
Amelia dedicated her book, Last Flight, to Jackie Cochran's multi-millionaire husband, Floyd Odlum: "To Floyd, for all-weather friendship."

Floyd Odlum & Jackie Cochran


Amelia Earhart & Eleanor Roosevelt in 1935. Good friends, happier times.
Ten months after Amelia went missing, Jackie Cochran met with First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, who had also been a friend of Amelia's. Jackie handed Eleanor a letter from Amelia's former technical advisor, Paul Mantz, expressing the likelyhood that Amelia survived her disappearance on a land-mass in the Pacific among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands. The First Lady appealed to trusted friend and Presidential cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., who automatically deflected any notion of Amelia's continued survival. He suggested the First Lady endorse the idea that 'everything possible was done,' and to accept how Amelia was gone for good:
"Mr. Morgenthau says that he can't give out anymore information than was given to the papers at the time of the search of Amelia Earhart." "It seems they [The White House] have confidential information about Amelia..." "He suggests writing this man [Paul Mantz] and telling him that the President is satisfied from his information, and you are too, that everything possible was done." May-1938, Eleanor Roosevelt's personal secretary, Malvina Scheider passes along Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s viewpoint of Amelia's disappearance to the First Lady. Morgenthau added how the, "confidential information" the White House had would 'greatly harm Amelia's reputation' if people found out about it, and how he hoped the White House would, 'never have to make it public' what it knew about Amelia's loss. 
Note: It is documented in an official transcript dated May 13, 1938, that Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. actually admitted the White House had learned what really happened to "that woman" [Amelia Earhart] on July 2, 1937. No matter, the White House never did make it public.
"Perhaps it's just as well she went that way... life might not have held such a happy future for her." Eleanor Roosevelt oddly comments on Amelia the day after her friend supposedly, 'vanished without a trace.'
Jackie Cochran would go on to become the leader of the Women's Air Service Pilots during World War Two, she would be the first American woman to set foot in Japan after VJ Day where she participated in the arrest of Iva Toguri [the woman intentionally missidentified as 'Tokyo Rose'] and later, under the tutelage of Colonel Chuck Yeager, Jackie became the first woman to break the sound barrier.
Amelia Earhart [left] was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic.
Jackie Cochran [right] was the first woman to break the sound barrier.


The large amount of accumulated data supporting Amelia Earhart's continued existence after she went missing in 1937, leaves one considering the following addage: 

"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."

Arthur Schopenhauer


Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
Gervais-Irene, 1977 / Amelia, 1929

The Gervais-Irene in 1977, FKA 'Earhart'
Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.


"You're onto something that will stagger your imagination." 1962, the words of retired United States Navy Commander, John Pillsbury to CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner regarding Goerner's quest to learn the true outcome of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight. From The Search For Amelia Earhart by Fred Goerner, Doubleday, 1966.


Colonel Reineck: "Are you aware that she was Irene Bolam?"
Monsignor Kelley: "What?"
Colonel Reineck: "Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?"
Monsignor Kelley: "That's right, yes."

The above exchange was excerpted from a September 17, 1991 tape recorded conversation between USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.) and Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a former President of Seton Hall University. For many years until she died in 1982, father Kelley had been the Gervais-Irene's, "close friend and confessor."


Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, Viola Gentry

Below: Viola Gentry and Guy Bolam, August, 1965
The Gervais-Irene Bolam took this photo in East Hampton, Long Island, NY

Above: August 9, 1965, the day after Joe Gervais lectured there about is Earhart investigation, the Gervais-Irene's husband, Guy Bolam and Viola Gentry are shown sitting together outside the Sea Spray Inn in East Hampton, Long Island. It is no coincidence that famous 1930s pilot and fellow charter Ninety-Nines member, Viola Gentry had two friends from different eras that were identical to each other; Amelia Earhart and the Gervais-Irene Bolam. No coincidence, because Amelia and the Gervais-Irene had been one in the same human being.


Above: A Gervais-Irene Bolam photo taken in Paris in 1965 superimposed with Amelia. Only recently was it discovered the same 'Irene' identity had been used by three different women, and the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s. Although known by different names in different eras, the head-to-toe phyiscal match, character trait congruences, common friends, various organizational alliances and numerous credible testimonials determined the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart to have been one in the same human being. Said proven reality notwithstanding, and even though four nationally published books since 1970 avowed to its correctness, for years a network of individuals led by the now defunct Amelia Earhart Society's former president, Bill Prymak rallied hard against its acceptance by adhering to an agenda of vitriol and ridicule to denounce it. To date, Wikipedia has only managed to depict a short, misleading profile of the late 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' due to this omnipresent influence over the controversy. Within the past decade, Alex Mandel, an Earhart fanatic who lives in the Ukraine, aligned himself with Bill Prymak and anti Irene-Amelia crusader, Mike Campell in order to concoct and publish a twenty-five page anti Irene-Amelia diatribe on Wikisource. Their combined effort was first presented at the Amelia Earhart Festival in Atchison, Kansas in an attempt persuade the curious not to take the Irene-Amelia claim seriously anymore. Few realized their writ was filled with misinformation in its propaganda-like attempt to downplay the latent proven forensic realities. As private deriders of the Irene-Amelia controversy and forensic truth, Mike Campbell and Alex Mandel exhibit themselves as current examples of the way the press and the public have long been strongly influenced not to accept what really is anymore, the obvious reality of Amelia's long-ago name change to 'Irene.' [Note: Bill Prymak, founder and long-time president of the Amelia Earhart Society, passed away in 2014.]

New York Mid-Week Pictorial photo, 1932
Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, Viola Gentry; Amelia's U.S. return after her solo Atlantic crossing.

The Gervais-Irene Bolam in 1965...
...shown standing on a bridge in Paris with the Mid-Week Pictorial photo added.

Head to Toe...
...Viola Gentry's later life friend, the Gervais-Irene matched Amelia.



Question: How could such a thing have happened with the general public not knowing about it? How could famous pilot, Viola Gentry have had two friends from different eras so identical to each other?
Answer: Even though Viola's 'two friends from different eras' had actually been one in the same human being, "Numerous investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery." Quote repeated from above, from Bender & Altschull's, The Chosen Instrument [Simon & Schuster, 1982]

The Initial Meeting Of Joe Gervais And Irene Bolam
In 1965, after Joe Gervais was invited by Amelia Earhart's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry to lecture on his long-term Amelia Earhart investigation at an 'Early Birds of Aviation' annual luncheon gathering in New York, he noticed how a woman attending the event, Mrs. Irene Bolam not only looked like an older version of Amelia Earhart, but she was also treated with great respect by everyone there. Gervais asked Viola to introduce him to the American, Mrs. Bolam and her English husband, Guy. Gervais recalled feeling flush, believing he immediately recognized who she used to be. After investigating her life history and personal background during the next two decades, he only became more convinced she was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.' Joe Gervais died in 2005, forty years after meeting her, still feeling the same way.
Right before Joe Gervais' passing, USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck's new book, Amelia Earhart Survived expounded on Protecting Earhart's new forensic comparison discovery of how three different women were attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity, while further edifying the particular 'Irene Bolam' who Joe Gervais met in 1965 appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s. Additionally, Reineck noticed that beyond the Gervais-Irene having many of Amelia's earlier aviation friends and attributes in later life, she also completely matched Amelia Earhart physically and character trait wise. After having studied the Gervais-Irene Bolam case for decades himself, Reineck determined, and rightfully so, it was impossible to attribute these latent proven facts to mere coincidence. 

The summation of Amelia Earhart's post-loss extended survival has traditionally been dismissed due to history's disregard toward her disappearance and other promoted 'mystery solving' theories that confused the general public, leaving it unable to embrace the assertion of Amelia's continued survival and identity-change. It wasn't until a more in-depth examination of Irene Craigmile Bolam's full life story, coupled with interviews [2006-2014] granted by the original Irene Craigmile's son, that some hard-learned truths left the following conclusions to be drawn:
1.) Three different women had been attributed to the same 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity.
2.) An obvious 'physical head-to-toe' and 'character traits' congruence was shown to have existed between Amelia Earhart and the 'Gervais-Irene Bolam.'
3.) The 'Gervais-Irene Bolam' appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
4.) The overwhelming preponderance of supporting evidence coupled with a basic process of elimination, revealed the Gervais-Irene Bolam to have been previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
These conclusions outline the forensic truth about the historically singular identity of Irene Craigmile Bolam. 

Amelia Earhart, age 26, before she became famous.

Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart
Suprimposed on the far right


The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1977

Gervais-Irene & Amelia
Two photos superimposed.

The Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
From the photo of Earhart with Orville Wright

In addition to taking in, check out the book and documentary introduction, and a 30 second video link by clicking on:
The Gervais-Irene superimposed into Amelia as seen in the video-clip.
The Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

The National Irene-Amelia Controversy Began Here:

'Amelia Earhart Lives' by Joe klaas. Published by McGraw-Hill, November 1970

The book dust jacket above and the article below recall the 1970 headline making story about the curious woman known as 'Irene Craigmile Bolam.' The book's alarming claim about her was initially dismissed as a hoax and the bizarre episode was nearly forgotten. Except the controversy never went away, and those who looked into the woman's story the most understood why. The Gervais-Irene Bolam's very existence truly was perplexing, and her legacy remains part of the reason people have long wanted to know what really happened to Amelia Earhart.
Those who have a hard time accepting the Irene realities conveyed here might consider how strangely derided this story grew to be over the years by inidividuals who tried to claim there was never anything controversial about Mrs. Bolam. As mentioned, one might also see a forensic detective by the name of Kevin Richlin referenced in Wikipedia and elsewhere as 'the person' who finally proved the Irene-Amelia equation false in 2006. But Kevin Richlin never proved the equation false and he will tell you that himself. Best advice? While digesting the following keep an open mind. [Note: After the Gervais-Irene Bolam died in 1982, she was cremated and buried in a common grave, eliminating the possibility of DNA testing of her remains.]

About the book, Amelia Earhart Lives
In 1970, world famous publisher, McGraw-Hill released Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. The book journalized USAF Major, Joe Gervais' ten year investigation of Amelia Earhart's disappearance. Within it, Gervais authoritatively asserted that Amelia Earhart did not 'disappear' as purported.
Joe Gervais showed how his mentor, Daughter Of The Sky author, Paul Briand was correct when he discovered Amelia had actually survived her world flight after ending up in Japan's custody as the hostile Sino-Japanese War began. Then after meeting one 'Irene Bolam' in 1965 at an Early Birds of Aviation gathering on Long Island--and deeply investigating her background afterward--Joe ultimately determined something else: As World War Two ended, Amelia Earhart, while undergoing the final stages of changing her name to 'Irene Craigmile,' had quietly returned to the United States after spending much of the war as an 'Alien at Liberty' overseas under Japan's stewardship.
Once back in the U.S., after reacclimating herself with the help of Monsignor James Francis Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey, [the same who in 1987 told news reporter, Dean Magley about his good friend, Irene, "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore..."] she was given an executive level position at the People's National Bank of Rockville Centre, Long Island, New York. [The bank was a heavy funder of 3rd party military aviation contracts. Of note as well, Amelia had always been astute at managing her career's financial affairs.]
In 1924, as Amelia, she first became familiar with Long Island after moving to Great Neck where she lived with her friend, Marion Stabler's family before briefly reenrolling at Columbia University in 1925. [Amelia, who spoke seven languages, had earlier been a pre-med student at Columbia.] Later, after Amelia suddenly became famous in 1928 while in her thirtieth year, she spent a great deal of time flying out of Floyd Bennet and Roosevelt Air Fields on Long Island over the course of the next decade. She befriended other well known female pilots there to include Viola Gentry and Elinor Smith, and she started the 99's women's flying organization on Long Island in 1929 and served as its first President. Having ceased being a pilot, she returned to Long Island as 'Irene Craigmile' where she worked in the banking industry for the next decade, ascending to become Vice President of the Great Neck National Bank by the early 1950s. After retiring from banking, in 1958 she married Guy Bolam of England, the owner of 'Radio Luxembourg' in Europe, a station that helped introduce the Beatles to Russia. For twelve years Guy and Irene Bolam devoted much time to world travels. They often visited friends they had in Japan and England, and attended to their business affairs in Luxembourg. After Guy died in 1970, Irene took over as the corporate president of Radio Luxembourg and continued to travel the world semi-regularly. She died at Roosevelt Hospital in Edison, New Jersey in the summer of 1982, five years after retiring from Radio Luxembourg.
The problem was, no one was ever supposed to know about the incredible information Joe Gervais uncovered. In 1970, Irene Bolam was not about to go back to being Amelia Earhart again, and high-powered attorneys came out of the woodwork to help her make sure that wouldn't happen. Irene never endorsed the publishing of Amelia Earhart Lives and she was very angry about it. This caused McGraw-Hill to pull its best selling book from the stores after seven weeks, [40,000 copies made it into circulation] and for the next five years, Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas were dragged through the New York court system as defendants in a summary judgment law suit Irene's attorneys litigated, that ended with a ten dollar consideration being paid by Irene Bolam to Gervais and Klaas, and a ten dollar consideration being paid by Gervais and Klaas to Irene Bolam. Irene ultimately refused to volunteer her fingerprints as proof positive of her identity. She also never denied that she used to be known as Amelia Earhart. [Note: At a press conference after the book came out, in the present tense she refuted the book's accusation of her being "a mystery woman" and its implication that she was really Amelia Earhart by viscerally stating, "I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia Earhart!" Ironically, she wasn't lying, for she had not been Amelia Earhart in the United States since the 1930s, and living as Irene since the 1940s she had hid nothing about her lifestyle or profession.]
Because Amelia Earhart Lives had referred to Irene's late husband, Guy as her "alleged husband," she sued McGraw-Hill for defamation noting the statement indicated she might have been living with Guy out of wedlock. After Irene produced her 1958 marriage license, the New York State Supreme Court agreed the book's reference to Guy Bolam as her "alleged husband" was a libelous statement and awarded her a 'high five-figure' settlement to be paid by McGraw-Hill.
It was amazing how quickly and strongly protected Irene was after Amelia Earhart Lives came out, and how disjointed and camouflaged the truth Joe Gervais discovered about Amelia Earhart ended up being. The national news media and academia in general were encouraged to dismiss it out of hand by the Smithsonian Institution, and the survived families of Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile also refused to support the Gervais claim. Still, back then anyone could have reviewed the family photo records and linear life-story progression of the original Irene Craigmile [a person Amelia had known in the 1930s] and they would have soon realized the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was not the original Irene Craigmile.

WWII hero, USAF Major, Joe Gervais
Shown in 1983 on his way to Howland Island. Amelia never made there in 1937.

After doggedly investigating Amelia Earhart's disappearance, Joe Gervais also thoroughly investigated the background of the enigmatic woman, Mrs. Irene Bolam, who he met and photographed in 1965 among a group of well-known retired pilots. Against a barrage of less-informed naysayers and unforgiving public scrutiny, he never stopped asserting she was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Joe Gervais died in 2005. Adversaries notwithstanding, his claim has never been disproved.

Amelia Earhart, mid-1930s
Amelia Earhart, 1933
A perfect alignment...
...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart,' was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

Amelia's sister, Muriel
Muriel was a trusted ally of her name-changed sister, the Gervais-Irene in their later years

Above and Below: Initially it was hard for others to recognize the resemblance Joe Gervais did. It was not until decades later, after Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis commenced, that the first superimposed photographs displayed the Irene-Amelia congruence. In time the study displayed their complete physical head-to-toe and character trait alignments, and edified how the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.

The Gervais-Irene and Guy Bolam
As seen in the 1970 book, 'Amelia Earhart Lives' by Joe Klaas

Closer: The Gervais-Irene (Craigmile) Bolam
Photograph taken by Joe Gervais the day he met her, August 8, 1965

Below: The Gervais-Irene's suit against Amelia Earhart Lives authors, Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas was thrown out after she refused to be fingerprinted. Accordingly, "She didn't want people to know if she was or wasn't [FKA 'Earhart].'" Quoting the 1991 words of Gertrude Kelley Hession, the Gervais-Irene's friend and frequent travelling companion in the 1970s.

Middle photo taken same day as article below it
Two photos of Amelia compared with her later self, the Gervais-Irene, middle. Protecting Earhart

The Gervais-Irene's 1970 'present tense' denial
She denounced the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, even though she was FKA 'Amelia Earhart' [see below]

In 1970, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' refuted the assertion that she was really Amelia Earhart to the press in the present tense by saying, "I am not a mystery woman and I'm not Amelia Earhart." Since she had not been known as Amelia since the 1930s, technically she wasn't lying. After being caught off guard by the new book, Amelia Earhart Lives, that implied she was the survived Amelia Earhart with a different identity, Attorney Benedict Ginsberg, who had been part of Robert F. Kennedy's legal team during the Jimmy Hoffa trials, was soon representing Mrs. Bolam in a legal suit against the book's authors, Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas, and its publisher, McGraw-Hill. Five years would pass before the suit against Gervais and Klaas would be settled by ten-dollar consideration payments made by both sides to each other, after Mrs. Bolam refused to allow her fingerprints to be taken to prove she was not previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Note the following tape-recorded conversation excerpt between Monsignor James Francis Kelley's sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession and Colonel Rollin C. Reineck:
GERTRUDE:  You know when they were writing the book, Amelia Earhart Lives,  that was a very trying time for her.  I can recall people coming up.  There was a judge. I can't remember his name. [Judge Edward Kennedy.]  Anyway he was helping her control those people.  I think one was Gervais and the other one.

ROLLIN:  Klaas,  Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas.

GERTRUDE:  Right. Oh you know, that was very disturbing and the judge was handling it.  She sued. I sat in on some of the depositions with her.  I think she --- didn't she win that suit?

ROLLIN:  No. She sued Mc Graw Hill, Joe Klaas and Joe Gervais for two million dollars.  She kept asking for a postponement.  Finally, they [Gervais & Klaas] agreed to pay her the two million dollars if she would come to court and give her fingerprints in front of the judge.

GERTRUDE:  Oh no, that's something she would never do.

ROLLIN:  No. She wouldn't do that, so she dropped the suit [against Gervais and Klaas] after that.

ROLLIN:  Why wouldn't she give her fingerprints?

GERTRUDE:  Why?  She didn't want people to prove she was or wasn't [FKA 'Earhart'] apparently. And even her own son does not have her fingerprints.

ROLLIN:  I'm not sure that is her son.
The above exchange was excerpted from an 11/2/91 tape recorded conversation between Gertrude Kelley Hession and USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.)


"I hope I've just got to never make it public..."  1938 comment from FDR right-hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt regarding certain 'troubling' information the White House withheld about Amelia Earhart relative to her disappearance.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (right) with his long-time 
friend, advisor & White House cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.

A Hushed Controversy That refused To Go Away...
After the curious revelation about Mrs. Irene Bolam first surfaced in 1970, those who continued to track it never stopped suspecting her to have been the 'former' Amelia Earhart. Even after she died in 1982, a ten day investigative newspaper series featured many quotes and interviews about her enigmatic existence, to include this telling clip from the previously mentioned, Monsignor James Francis Kelley:

From a 10/18/82 New Jersey News Tribune article:
From the investigative series about Mrs. Bolam four months after she died

Monsignor Kelley & the enigmatic, 'Mrs. Bolam'
In 1987 Kelley first publicly confirmed Mrs. Bolam [the Gervais-Irene] used to be Amelia Earhart

Msgr Kelley's sister, Gertrude & the Gervais-Irene
Shown in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976. The two often traveled together.

The Gervais-Irene Bolam, Yugoslavia-1976...
...superimposed with classic Amelia photo...
...displays the congruence.

Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996) was President of Seton Hall College in New Jersey from 1936 to 1949. He was chiefly responsible for converting the college into a university his final year there. Father Kelley had many famous friends in government, politics, and show business, and he was a highly regarded figure in the Catholic Church. In the mid-1980s Monsignor Kelley began breaking his silence about his late close friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam. He ultimately disclosed to several individuals, that when Amelia returned from Japan he was the one who 'received' her, and he had monitored the process of her being nursed back to health. Monsignor Kelley also described how he had been instrumental with Amelia's identity change to 'Irene.'  

Cover of Monsignor James Francis Kelley's autobiograpphy

Deriders of the Irene-Amelia equation claimed Monsignor Kelley had grown senile and that he fabricated what he told certain close friends and a few investigators about his friend, Irene. But Father Kelley was simply telling the truth when he said she used to be known as Amelia Earhart, and the people he said it to were convinced he did not make it up. In his 1987 published autobiography, Monsignor Kelley included the following passage in his "My Reasons For Writing This Book" chapter that begins on page ten, and there is no doubt one of the people he referenced was the Gervais-Irene:

"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained some very personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. Some of them were now dead and I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents could result in the publication of data about deceased people who could not defend themselves."

Monsignor Kelley told Colonel Reineck that he wrote a chapter for his book about Amelia's incredible ordeal that left her known as Irene, and his long term involvement with her, but he ultimately decided not to include it knowing the controversy it would have caused. Where he and Irene/Amelia were devoted close friends for decades, it speaks for itself that the names 'Amelia Earhart' and 'Irene Bolam' appear nowhere in Father Kelley's published memoirs. The following helps to explain the controversy he wished to avoid: 

Their close friendship was evident after WWII...
...Irene (the Gervais-Irene) and Monsignor Kelley at dinner, mid-late 1970s.

Monsignor Kelley's beautiful St. Croix, US Virgin Islands home.

Monsignor Kelley's beautiful Rumson, NJ home. The Gervais-Irene was a familiar guest at both homes.

NOTE: In 1991, retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais and retired Air Force Colonel, Rollin Reineck held a press conference in Hawaii to provide updates on their ongoing investigation of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance, foremost including their certain belief that Amelia had 'quietly survived' World War Two. Colonel Reineck soon after received a letter from a Mrs. Helen Barber of Wayne, Pennsylvania that described something her seasonal neighbor, Monsignor James Francis Kelley had shared with she and her husband a decade earlier. She referred Colonel Reineck to another couple she knew, Mr. and Mrs. Donald DeKoster of Detroit Michigan, (Mr. DeKoster was an auto industry executive) to additionally verify the information she had been made privy to. Both the Barbers and the DeKosters were fairly affluent and owned winter homes in the Virgin Islands on St. Croix, near Monsignor Kelley's home there. The following section was excerpted from the letter sent to Colonel Reineck by Mrs. Barber shortly after the press conference:

“Dear Colonel Reineck,

My husband and I read about your news conference in Hawaii. We are impressed by the integrity of your investigation into the Earhart matter and we simply had to contact you with a related experience we have kept to ourselves for many years. We have a home in the Virgin Islands where we spend winters and one of our neighbors down there is Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Monsignor Kelley owns a beautiful home on top of a hill on the island of St. Croix where our winter home is also located. In 1981 during a luncheon with him, he related to us how he was commissioned at the end of the war to help bring Amelia Earhart back from Japan. He said he was chosen to serve as her psychiatric priest. He also told me something about missing documents he had to get that she needed in order to help with her Identity change. The Monsignor told us that he received her as she was being subjected to an identity change. He told us that she stayed with him at his New Jersey home and I believe sometimes his St. Croix winter home while he helped with her emotional, spiritual, and psychiatric needs.” 

The above passage was reprinted from the letter Helen Barber sent to Rollin Reineck in 1991. Reineck recorded phone conversations he had with Mrs. Barber and Mr. Donald Dekoster, and both avowed their belief in what Father Kelley conveyed to them about Amelia Earhart. 

After his friend, Irene died in 1982, from the mid-1980s on, Monsignor James Francis Kelley disclosed to a variety of individuals that she used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart.' It is therefore no coincidence how later forensic comparisons displayed an obvious congruence his friend, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia shared.
Below: Author, David Bowman also credited Tod Swindell's Protecting Earhart Forensice Study:

David Bowman's 2005 Book, Legerdemain
Bowman used Tod Swindell's overlay on his cover and credited his forensic study

From David Bowman's dust jacket...
Last line down credits the early years of Tod Swindell's forensic study

By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2006
Avowed the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was formerly known as Amelia Earhart

The Gervais-Irene Bolam, 1977
Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

The Gervais-Irene, 1940s


The 1924 born 'Non Gervais-Irene' in the 1940s
She used the same identity as the Gervais-Irene. To date, no one knows who she really was.

The son of the original Irene Craigmile identified the above pictured, Non Gervais-Irene only as his childhood mother. The Non Gervais-Irene was not his biological mother, nor was she the Gervais-Irene who forensically matched Amelia Earhart.

Review: How The Earhart Mystery Initially Resurfaced
Beginning in the 1950s and continuing for decades, retired USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005], CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner [1925-1994], and New York State University at Oswego Professor, Paul Briand [1920-1986] separately conducted the first deep investigations that looked into Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance.
Paul Briand and Joe Gervais
Based on the withheld controversial information and vast number of non-published accounts these three men discovered and revealed about Earhart's loss, all of them solidly concluded Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up going down in Japan's forbidden-to-the-U.S, at the time Marshall Islands where they were picked up by Japan's Imperial Navy and detained without public awareness.
Briand and Goerner could not clearly ascertain what became of Earhart and Noonan after that, so in lieu of no better answer they suggested the two fliers likely died in Japan's custody.
Conversely, after considering the growing hostile relationship that existed between the United States and Japan back then, yet realizing as well it was unlikely Japan would have allowed any harm to come to Amelia Earhart while she was in its care, [Amelia Earhart was a hero in Japan in 1930s, just as Babe Ruth had been] then after meeting a 'hauntingly familiar' and 'highly enigmatic' woman among some of Amelia's old friends in 1965--Joe Gervais boldly asserted that Earhart and Noonan had continued to survive in Japan's custody, and they eventually changed their names as part of a quiet arrangement to 'close the book' on what actually happened to them. Gervais postulated how the U.S. and Japan shared a post-war, 'silent agreement' to never revisit the tenuous debacle the duo's loss caused--in the interest of maintaining future diplomacy between the two countries.
 From the time he met her in 1965 until his death in 2005,
Joe Gervais maintained one Irene Bolam, shown in this 1976
dated photo was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
After the Gervais story surfaced in 1970, the woman he identified as the former Amelia Earhart refused to willingly cooperate, thus relegating the idea of Earhart's name-changed survival to fall on stony ground. However, even after she died in 1982, the woman still remained suspect as supportive evidence backing the Gervais claim about her continued to grow. 
By way of his unsurpassed extensive research, today Joe Gervais is recognized among the foremost investigators to show why the Earhart-Noonan disappearance controversy was perpetually greeted with 'official silence' by the governments of the United States and Japan, dating back to the time the two were declared 'missing.' 


What The Public Didn't Know About Charles Lindbergh And Amelia Earhart...

Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) known as "Careu Kent" overseas, 1950s-1970s
The 'Gervais-Irene' in Jamaica, 1976. FKA: 'Earhart'

Fred Noonan & Amelia Earhart, 1937
Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E landing in Paramaribo during her 1937 world flight.

Over time, people came to believe enough was known about Amelia Earhart--just like they thought they knew all there was to know about Charles Lindbergh until 2003, the year it was confirmed he led a double life in his later years using the alias of "Careu Kent." Lindbergh did so while working long stretches as a covert operative in Europe, fathering three children there in the process. DNA testing verified the 'half-siblings' reality for Lindbergh's stateside progeny after the story broke. Their mother, Anne Morrow Lindbergh died in 2001 never knowing a thing about it.
With Amelia Earhart's story, over the years different theories left a few misguided investigators claiming to know where her plane ended up. Their expressed confidence led to millions of dollars being donated to fund major search expeditions, all of which failed. Make no mistake, donating money to find Amelia's plane was always a bad investment since it ended up nowhere near the searched areas. [Note: As displayed in Randall Brink's book, Lost Star and further down in, Earhart's wing-damaged plane was photographed on Japan's Taroa Island air base in the Marshall Islands in 1944 by U.S. Military reconnaissance.]
To this day most people do not realize how the mystery attributed to Amelia Earhart grew out of a historical disregard maintained toward her missing person case ever since she and her navigator, Fred Noonan were said to have 'disappeared without a trace' while they were safely airborne.
It is important to recall, accepting how people do not just 'vanish into thin air,' in the 1960s, investigators Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, and Fred Goerner discovered long-withheld evidence that conveyed how the duo actually survived their flight-ending in hostile pre-World War Two Pacific territory.

Product Details
Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand
[Four editions published from 1960 to 1964; the book that started it all...]

Briand, Gervais, and Goerner, all World War Two veterans, separately travelled to the Pacific islands nearest to the last coordinates Earhart and Noonan had flown, many of which were controlled and occupied by Japan when the two were declared 'missing.'
While there, each documented one account after another that described how the flying duo went down in the southernmost Marshall Islands where they were rescued and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Fred Goerner, a CBS radio investigative journalist, even contacted and interviewed Admiral Chester Nimitz who had been placed in charge of the Marshall Islands after United States armed forces seized and occupied them in 1944. Nimitz' famous confirmation to Goerner is well documented, where he disclosed how Earhart and Noonan "went down in the Marshall Islands" and were "picked up by Japan." Nimitz also added such a truth was quietly, "known and documented in Washington" dating back to the war years.
No authorized source from Japan or the United States came forward to publicly verify the famous Admiral's words, and follow up investigations were greeted by the same 'official silence.' This was most assertively done by former FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover, who refused to confirm or deny his office held any post-loss information about Amelia Earhart in a 1969 reply letter to Major Joe Gervais, in which Hoover, after stating "information in our files must be maintained as confidential," closed with the following sentence: "I hope that you will not infer either that we do or do not have material in our files relating to the individual you mentioned." The individual of course, was Amelia Earhart. The letter was personally signed by J. Edgar Hoover.

Seton Hall College, New Jersey
1944, J. Edgar Hoover, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, Archbishop Thomas Walsh.

The Gervais-Irene's good friend, Monsignor Kelley knew J. Edgar Hoover fairly well. While the above photo reprinted from Monsignor Kelley's autobiography was taken in 1944 as Hoover was being honored by Kelley at Seton Hall, two years later, on November 20, 1946, Monsignor Kelley in turn received a citation from J. Edgar Hoover for his assistance rendered during the war years to the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice. Father Kelley's autobiography offered no explanation for why he received the citation, although from the mid-1980s into the 1990s he did verbally convey to select individuals that he had been part of the operation that received Amelia Earhart back from Japan newly identified as 'Irene Craigmile.' He also elaborated that he helped with the arrangements for Amelia's new identity. Scroll down a bit more than half-way to see Father Kelley's additional Earhart information and testimonials. 

The Distances Kept by Nat Geo and the Smithsonian
Everyone loves the National Geographic Society, that has always followed the lead of the Smithsonian Institution and its traditional support of the suggested but never verified, 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's world flight ending.
Warner Home Video Ng Wheres Amelia Earhart (dvd/ff-16x9) - Pricefalls ...
So it was no surprise a decade ago, after new information surfaced further promoting Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival, Amelia Earhart Society president, Billy Prymak and other protectors of her status-quo legacy implored the National Geographic Channel to produce a documentary aimed at discrediting all controversial information about her disappearance, no matter how substantiated it was. It was clear in the face of so much conflicting data it presented, the objective of the program was to show renewed support for the preferred 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's flight ending.
It is worth noting how the Smithsonian, a Washington DC based ward of the U.S. Government, never investigated Earhart's loss nor has it ever offered an official explanation about it. Likewise, The National Geographic Society, also headquartered in Washington DC and never about to challenge the viewpoint of the Smithsonian, has never officially investigated it either. Rather, it has merely reviewed different conclusions presented by opposing theorists.
Nat Geo's "Where's Amelia Earhart?" mystery critique is available on DVD and is still occasionally shown on its cable channel. In the process of generally dismissing the mystery, the program broadly askewed the new learned information about the Irene-Amelia controversy. For instance, it omitted the original Irene Craigmile's past connection to Amelia Earhart, it downplayed the head-to-toe and character trait congruence shared by the Gervais-Irene and Amelia to the point of attempting to negate it, and it avoided statements made by the original Irene's son, Larry Heller, who just three months prior to the show's production identified an entirely different woman than the Gervais-Irene as his mother, that confirmed his mother's identity had been a shared identity. The Nat Geo Channel opted not to display the woman Mr. Heller identified as his mother in its program, nor to mention anything about her, even though its producers were fully aware of Mr. Heller's recent ID placement.
Finally, to further its campaign to keep public opinion swayed against the 'Irene' controversy, a forensic detective by the name of Kevin Richlin was engaged to appear in the program, who after his brief review of the limited information the show's producers gave him, expressed a sarcastic viewpoint toward the idea of Amelia surviving with a new identity.
In a counterpoint way, the most controversial forensic reality aspects of the Irene-Amelia equation left out of Nat Geo's, 'Where's Amelia Earhart' program are displayed in Protecting Earhart, to include how the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

Below: Tod Swindell's request followed by the 1934 born, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller's identity placement response dated: Friday, February 21, 2014. Subject: ID Verification. [Note: Mr. Heller first verified his mother's image the same way on April 6, 2006 when he was personally interviewed in New York. It was the first time he commented about the ongoing question of his mother's identity since he was quoted in the 1982 New Jersey News Tribune series to say he "wished for the mystery of his mother's identity to remain a mystery." The woman he identified as his mother was not the Gervais-Irene who was known by the same identity, whose photo image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas.] 

Tod Swindell's query, sent: Thursday, February 20, 2014
Subject: Verification


Hi Larry,

I want you to know that I am in full agreement with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her in these younger and older version photos, led a very different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to the correct presentation of the facts.  

My conveyance is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for verification I’d appreciate it.




Larry Heller's response, sent: Friday, February 21, 2014
Subject: Re: Verification

The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. C. Heller   Proof is available.



Early 1940s


The Non Gervais-Irene....
An O'Crowley family secret?
Left and right photos...
...displays same person in younger-older versions.
Non Gervais-Irene's true identity remains unknown,
Her estimated age in 1982 was 'late fifties'

Below is the younger and older alignment of the Gervais-Irene, whose photographed image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. She was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, and she was not biologically related to Larry Heller, although she did use his mother's identity from the mid-1940s on, until she died in 1982.

'Gervais-Irene' young
Left and right images combined display the congruence.
The Gervais-Irene in 1965.
AKA 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' in the photo displayed in the 1970 book 'Amelia Earhart Lives.'

It ultimately proved out after they were forensically compared, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart displayed a highly remarkable congruence: 

The Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
Amelia Earhart, 1933

The Gervais-Irene
Shown in a 1963 photo taken in Japan
Equally superimposed...
...Amelia and the Gervais-Irene.
Amelia Earhart, age thirty in 1928.
Photo taken after her Friendship flight.

Gervais found Mrs. Bolam's close friendship with Amelia's sister, Muriel to also be odd in a highly familiar way.
Below: Note the uncanny 'sister-like' resemblance Amelia's sister, Muriel had with her later-life friend, the Gervais-Irene. Their similar appearance was no coincidence for they truly were biological sisters.

Amelia's mother and sister, Amy Otis & Muriel "Pidge" Earhart. (Amelia's nickname was "Millie")

Amelia's sister, Muriel

The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1965.
With British husband, Guy Bolam.

Below: The most recognized books that elaborated on Amelia's post-loss existence in Japan's custody

Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
The first book to expound on Earhart's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
A Best Seller; concluded Earhart went down in the Marshalls and ended up in Japan's custody.
The 1970 Joe Klaas book w/Joe Gervais
Also a best seller, concluded Amelia survived World War Two as 'Irene Craigmile.'
By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
Myers had known Amelia and later met Irene, who he asserted used to be Amelia Earhart.
Randall Brink's 1994 'Best Seller'...
Concluded Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshalls and were detained by Japan.
By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
Avowed Amelia returned to the U.S. as 'Irene Craigmile' after the war


Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend
By Donald Moyer Wilson, Enigma Press-1999
Don Wilson became a scholar on the subject of everyday life during the World War Two era among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands while researching Earhart's post-loss existence there. 'Lost Legend' presents over a hundred different accounts that described Earhart's life in the Marshalls and on Saipan given by government officials, former Japanese military personnel, local businessmen and common folk. Most all of the testimonials were based on conveyed eyewitness accounts, and Wilson actually met and spoke with a few elderly eyewitnesses. His book handily concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll in the Marshall Islands, but it did not offer a certain explanation pertaining to what ultimately became of them. Randall Brink on the other hand, in his 1993 book, Lost Star, seriously entertained the notions of Noonan assuming a new identity and ending up as a U.S. Naval Intelligence Officer, and Earhart returning to the United States after assuming a new identity in order to live privately. 


Lost Star: The Search for Amelia Earhart  By Randall Brink W.W. Norton, 1994

Overview by the author, Randall Brink 

"In this book, I deal only with the truth about Amelia Earhart's last flight, a truth withheld by our government because of a tenuous peace with Japan in the Pacific and concerns for the national security at home. . . . Those who knew the truth, and held it close, knew that Earhart and Noonan had survived. They believed it was their duty to hide the truth, and so they did."—from the book’s Introduction

This fascinating and revealing book is based on ten years of research during which Randall Brink brought suits against the government, interviewed key witnesses willing to talk for the first time, and made forays into the equatorial islands of the Pacific. He uncovered documents that provide strong new evidence about the circumstances of Earhart's last flight, and used his background as a pilot to interpret photos and technical data that were previously misunderstood. Meticulously pieced together is the shocking truth: The story of Earhart’s sequestered existence during World War Two under Japan’s stewardship, and the consideration of her post-war continued survival as a non-public person.

Abridged Amazon review [by Lynn Bulmahn] of Lost Star: The Search for Amelia Earhart  

Lost Star: The Search for Amelia Earhart  is a magnificent example of dogged, never-say-die investigative reporting. To get at many of the government files during the pre-computer era, author Randall Brink had to describe exactly what he was after. Get a date or memo title wrong and the government wouldn't even acknowledge the existence of the file, much less give it to him. Brink is also to be commended for tracking down elderly ex-Lockheed employees before their deaths, who confirmed more than one Lockheed Electra had been readied for Earhart’s world flight, even though the public was only aware of the Electra gifted to Amelia in 1936 by Purdue University. Brink and his sources provide compelling evidence displaying how instead of a publicity stunt, Earhart’s world flight had served a broader pre-WWII surveying purpose, an allegation neither the U.S. nor Japanese governments later acknowledged. What happened to Amelia Earhart while she was in Japan's custody is examined as well. Was she coerced to participate as a Tokyo Rose broadcaster? Did she return to the U.S. after the war with a new identity? Randall Brink breaks it all down while considering these possibilities.

In 1937 FDR's administration knew the U.S. was likely heading for war, even more so after the Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937 that caused FDR to swiftly place embargos on Japanese exports, just five days after Earhart and Noonan were declared ‘missing.’ It appears clear enough U.S. military intelligence, with FDR's omniscience, had requested Earhart and Noonan to not only map uncharted African territory, but to report on any illegal Japanese military build-up in the Pacific they noticed or heard about. While most of their journey was achieved at a leisurely pace, there is no doubt those two, and possibly a few other 'white flying' assignments were conveniently threaded-in to Earhart's unprecedented world flight, that she said would be her 'last great flight' before she left.

This book is a triumph and a must read for any Earhart fan, flying enthusiast, history buff or feminist who admires the spirit of this fearless female flyer, and is intently interested in what really happened to her.

About the Earhart-Marshall Islands connection...

The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their rescue at Mili Atoll

It's a historical truth: The vast majority of Earhart scholars concluded Earhart and Noonan survived their flight ending after being rescued and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy at the onset of the Sino-Japanese war, that strained relations between Japan and the United States and left a 'your move' stalemate to exist when it came to the Earhart-Noonan debacle.
Protecting Earhart's comprehensive analysis of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance scrutinized the key discoveries of past investigators that were ignored by official history, and subsequently left out of  high school and college textbooks. The upper-left page links examine the realities and obfuscations attributed to the controversy, and feature samples from the first-ever forensic comparison of Amelia Earhart to the highly enigmatic, Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile (Heller) (Bolam), that proved said identity had been attributed to three different individuals.
Rest assured, Amelia Earhart's 'post-disappearance' reality was never intentionally clouded by a vast conspiracy. More simply put, it was destined to remain ignored along with many other 'difficult to explain' outcomes caused by the geopolitical climates of the World War Two era. Akin to different nations' post-war viewpoints about certain controversies and atrocities the war generated, so too would the war-era circumstances Amelia was subjected to always be viewed by the United States and Japan with a let's move on attitude.
That didn't mean the public was destined to forever remain dumbed-down when it came to the truth about Amelia Earhart. To be sure, the most provacative discoveries pertaining to her 1937 world flight outcome took almost seventy years to be realized.

Another Way The Earhart Disappearance Mystery Began
Even though it was long ago determined by lead investigators that Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan ended their world flight in the Marshall Islands, said reality has never been promoted to the American public. Why? The best answer may include how at some point, for some unknown reason, a mutual agreement about it came to exist between Japan, the United States, and Amelia Earhart herself.

Note Above: Scroll down halfway to see the full photograph and the story behind it, with its revealing outline match to Amelia's Lockheed Electra. 

Note: Referenced above, although the U.S. Press circuit steered clear of it, in 1987 the Republic of the Marshall Islands commemorated the 50th Anniversary of Japan's rescue of Earhart and Noonan at Mili Atoll by issuing an impressive series of postage stamps. One of the stamps displayed Earhart's twin-engine Lockheed Electra with a damaged wing, as was long conveyed by eyewitness accounts. In 1980s interviews conducted by Joe Gervais and Randall Brink, it was repeatedly stated by local Marshall Islanders that Amelia's plane had been transported to the island of Taroa in the Marshalls where it was stowed at the large Japanese air base there. After perusing WWII U.S. bombing run reconnaissance photos of the Marshall Islands at the Military National Archives, the following photograph was located by Randall Brink, who featured it in his 1993 book, Lost Star.

Below: A 1944 USAAF reconnaissance photo of Taroa Island in the Marshall Islands taken during a bombing raid, reprinted from Randall Brink's best selling book, Lost Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart, W.W. Norton, 1993. Protecting Earhart enlarged and rotated the insert, then placed an outline of Amelia's Electra over it revealing a match. As Brink noted, Japan manufactured no planes that would have compared to the Electra's design during the war, and different Marshallese accounts described how Amelia's wing-damaged plane had been transported to Taroa, to include statements made by two Marshallese brothers, John and Dwight Heine who mentioned they had helped the Japanese military unload it there.

1944 USAAF recon photo
Taroa in the Marshalls, where several accounts claimed Amelia's wing-damaged plane was taken
Beyond 37's insert blown-up and rotation...
...and an outline of Amelia's Lockheed Electra 10E fitting well

Alfred Capelle

"Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937."
The above was described in 2002 to Associated Press reporter, Ron Staton by Alfred Capelle, United Nations Ambassador to the Marshall Islands. Prior to the time U.S. Troops occupied it in 1944, Japan had been the ruling government authority in the Marshalls. Based on his country's own history of the time period, Ambassador Capelle professed how Amelia Earhart's rescue and continued existence remained non-public information due to the strained relationship between Japan and the U.S. during the onset of the Sino-Japanese War, that began just five days after Earhart was reported 'missing' and soon after dovetailed into the World War Two era. According to Capelle and scores of other Marshallese residents and officials, while she was in Japan's custody in the Marshalls, Amelia Earhart was commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa' [or 'Tokyo Rose'] among their people. A common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' is "that held by the chrysanthemum." Of note, the chrysanthemum flower has long adorned the seal of the Emperor of Japan. Perhaps not so curiously, Amelia Earhart's mother, Amy Otis Earhart attended Iva Toguri's 1949 'Tokyo Rose trial' in San Francisco on a daily basis.

It remains true today: Several individuals who deeply investigated Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance over the years concluded she privately survived beyond World War Two after changing her name.
As well, much controversial information exists that the National Geographic Channel and Wikipedia steered clear of addressing in their recent profiles about Amelia Earhart--and the highly enigmatic, Irene Craigmile Bolam.

Why should people at long last start believing and accepting these historical truths and forensic realities? Because it is time to look beyond the 'official disregard viewpoint' maintained toward Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance that has long deflected them. It is also time to stop donating money to false plane hunts, and it is time to stop adulating the false-truths of Earhart history.
It is time to 'lift the veil' of false-truths about Amelia Earhart.

The veiled Amelia Earhart
From a 1923 'into the mirror' taken self photo-portrait.
Gervais-Irene & Amelia
Two photos in an equal blend.

"Amelia Earhart survived and she eventually returned to the United States. There's no doubt about it anymore." USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.), who met and spoke with Monsignor Kelley, shown below. [Excerpted from Reineck's on camera interview with the National Geographic Channel, 2006.]

Below: After she was reported missing, for some odd reason Amelia Earhart's image began to require White House protection. This reply to a request for more information about Amelia's disappearance by Paul Mantz and Jackie Cochran, forwarded by Amelia's friend, First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt to FDR's right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. in May of 1938 [nine months after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were said to have 'vanished without a trace'] displays the evasive stance the White House was actively adhering to as far as Amelia was concerned, and how damaging, 'confidential information' about her had been withheld: 



The Testimonials of Monsignor James Francis Kelley
President of Seton Hall College from 1936 to 1949; held Doctorates in Philosophy and Psychology
A long time close friend of the Gervais-Irene, he admitted to several individuals she used to be 'Amelia Earhart'

From a 10/18/82 New Jersey News Tribune article:
Msgr. Kelley later verified his late friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam used to be 'Amelia Earhart'

Photo of Msgr. Kelley from his autobiography.
Past Seton Hall President, Msgr. James F. Kelley knew both Lindbergh and Earhart.

Admiral Nimitz and Senator Al Hawkes...
...receiving honorary Seton Hall degrees from Monsignor Kelley;

"It's hard for most people to comprehend, by the 1960s she barely recognized herself for who she used to be." 1987, Monsignor James Francis Kelley describing his late close friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam to Rockford, Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley. 

Monsignor Kelley & Pope Paul VI at the Vatican,
during a 1960s visit. Janey Blaylock is also in the photo.
Monsignor Kelley shown in a family picture...
...his sister, Gertrude in white on his left.

1944, Monsignor Kelley awards F.B.I. Director....
...J. Edgar Hoover Seton Hall's LLD with Archbishop Thomas Walsh.

Note: From 1970 on, to include after the Gervais-Irene died in July of 1982, people continued to question her past. Directly below, reprinted from above is Msgr. Kelley's quote that left the curious teetering on the brink of discovery:

Msgr. Kelley's 1982 refusal to comment...
...Kelley later admitted his friend (the 'Gervais-Irene') used to be known as Amelia Earhart

Kelley's sister Gertrude & the Gervais-Irene
Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976.

The truthful nature of Monsignor Kelley's later admission that confirmed his long time friend, the Gervais-Irene was previously known as Amelia Earhart, became clearer after the Forensic Analysis discovered the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s...  


The Gervais-Irene
Superimposed with Amelia Earhart photo begins...
Monsignor James Francis Kelley, 1946...
...with the Smithsonian Institution's commissioned bronz bust of his likeness.

...then after it was forensically ascertained that three different women had been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity, with the Gervais-Irene, who Kelley knew well, matching Amelia head-to-toe and character trait wise, Monsignor Kelley's past admission was naturally verified.

The Gervais-Irene...
...superimposed with Amelia Earhart.

Monsignor Kelley Was Tellingly Awarded For His War Time Servitude
Beyond his Seton Hall accomplishments and the 1946 bust statue of his likeness commissioned by the Smithsonian, Monsignor Kelley received many awards and commendations. One 'citation and medal' he received on July 11, 1941 was awarded to him by none other than U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. (See photo & caption below.)
Elaborated on further down, in 1938, Morgenthau, who oversaw FDR's Secret Service division, had refused to make public certain information he was aware of that pertained to Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight, even after Amelia's friends, Jackie Cochran and Eleanor Roosevelt asked him to do so. It is perhaps no coincidence the stated reason for the 1941 award given to Kelley by Morgenthau was: "For three years of Patriotic Service with integrity and diligence for the Treasury Department of the United States of America." Simple math shows three years prior to 1941 was 1938, the same year Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr. refused to release the White House report on Amelia Earhart's world flight. It makes sense that by 1938 Morgenthau and FDR were aware Amelia had been picked up by Japan in the Marshalls, just as Admiral Chester Nimitz described in 1965, that such a truth was "known and documented in Washington." Monsignor Kelley was advised of the matter early on as well and remained involved from that point on, as did his friend and Catholic Priest associate, World War Two military vicar, Archbishop Francis Spellman. It is likely Amelia's name change to Irene began at that time.

From FDR's Cabinet, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.
His duties well exceeded his 'U.S. Secretary of the Treasury' job description.

"I know how Amelia Earhart absolutely disregarded all orders, and if we ever release this thing, goodbye Amelia Earhart's reputation." 1938 quote from FDR Presidential Cabinet Member, Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr. in response to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's query on why the White House refused to release the details it knew about Earhart's world flight ending. (See transcript excerpts further down.)
Originally glossed over, when it was ultimately determined that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan went down in the lower Marshall Islands that were part of Japan's Imperial Mandates, there is no doubt Henry Morgenthau Jr. and FDR eventually learned Japan's Imperial Navy had rescued the flying duo, leaving the question of what Amelia's continued existence in Japan's custody meant in the broad scheme of things as World War Two approached.

Two other awards the Monsignor received were also likely relevant: "June 18, 1946 - received citation from the War Department through Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Force, Carl Spatz [who Jackie Cochran spent time with on Guam just prior to her entering Japan after VJ Day] and Secretary of the War, Robert P. Patterson," and a "November 20, 1946 citation from J. Edgar Hoover for assistance rendered during the war years to the Internal Security of the Nation through the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice." It's interesting to note that the Arthur Gibson classified State Department file leaked in 1972 labeled, "Earhart, Amelia: Special War Problems" bore the date of Sept. 7, 1946.... a date between the two listed above.

Pertaining to the above information and the published book accounts, there is virtually no-doubt Amelia Earhart spent time on Saipan and among the Marshall Islands in controlled environs when they were under Japan's mandated jurisdiction, although it remains uncertain that she was continuously detained by Japan after she was rescued in the Marshalls, and only hearsay ever suggested she died while in Japan's custody. These realities led to a valid question about Irene Bolam perpetually asked since 1965, that was finally answered a half-century later:

Most definitely, the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart'

Artist's photo-rendition of the Gervais-Irene
One of three women attributed to the same identity. Click on image for the Congruence page.
The Gervais-Irene Bolam
Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.

Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart

The Gervais-Irene & Amelia Earhart superimposed
Click on this image to go to the 'Forensic Realities' page.

Note her favorite chrysanthemum pendant
Amelia Earhart in her eightieth year (1977) living as 'Irene Craigmile Bolam'

Note: Not so curiously, after Amelia was detained in the Marshall Islands by Japan she ended up being commonly referred to as "Tokyo Rosa" among the Marshallese locals. ('Rosa' with an 'a')
 The Power Of Historical Objectivity
It is the plain truth that over the years investigative researchers unearthed many important realities pertaining to Amelia Earhart's world-flight outcome. The vast majority of those who seriously delved into it drew the same conclusion: Without public awareness, Amelia Earhart continued to exist in Japan's care beyond July 2, 1937, the day she was said to have 'disappeared.' Question: How did they reach their common conclusion? Answer: Objectivity. 


The most objective investigators were never connected to any Amelia Earhart research groups or plane-hunting cottage industries. In recent decades the pursuits of private clubs such as TIGHAR, Nauticos, and the Amelia Earhart Society received much media attention. However, while offering different theories in their attempts to explain what happened to Earhart and Noonan; TIGHAR's 'they died as castaways on a desert island,' the Amelia Earhart Society's 'they died while in Japan's custody after going down in the Marshall Islands,' and Nauticos' 'they died after crashing and sinking in the Pacific,' they diluted the more controversial aspects of Amelia Earhart's world flight and its aftermath, and they dismissed the possibility of her continued survival.
Introduced as a more in-depth academic alternative, (as opposed to a donation gathering or money-making venture,) Beyond 37's forensic analysis thoroughly addressed the following questions:
1.) After not finding Howland Island, did Earhart and Noonan decide to fly hundreds of miles in a direction where they knew no civilization existed, and soon after die as castaways on a desert island?
2.)  In Japan's care, would Japan have optioned to let them die, or worse, to execute them after initially rescuing and helping the famous flying duo?
3.) With no less than four-to-five hours worth of fuel remaining when they were last heard from, would the duo have continued to all-but aimlessly fly around over the Pacific Ocean without even attempting Amelia's pre-described 'Plan B' option to reach her 'second choice' civilized land mass of the British controlled Gilbert Islands?
4.)  Is it plausible the general public was left unaware of something else that transpired after Earhart and Noonan were declared missing?
Consider the following:

"This is a powder keg. Any public discussion of it will furnish the torch for the explosion." U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Claude Swanson in 1938, refers to the 'official silence regard' concerning Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance. From Emile Gauvreau's The Wild Blue Yonder, EP Dutton Co., 1944.

Emile Gauvreau's 1944 classic WWII aviation book, 'The Wild Blue Yonder' is quoted above

Is it true information about Amelia Earhart's world flight outcome was withheld from the public by the White House? Take a look below and decide for yourself...

Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., second from right...
...shown with his assitant, Stephen Gibbons, far right.
"This letter that Mrs. Roosevelt wrote me on trying to get the report on Amelia Earhart, if we're going to release this thing it's just going to smear the whole reputation of Amelia Earhart, I mean if we give it to this one man we've got to make it public. We can't let one man see it." The above quote came from U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s May 13, 1938 Dictaphone recorded response to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt's personal secretary, Malvina Scheider. Via the Coast Guard Cutter Itasca and additional relays pertaining to Amelia Earhart's disappearance, Morgenthau was the most closely apprised White House individual other than the President on the true circumstances of it all. Further down, notice Morgenthau's comment about Amelia having "absolutely disregarded all orders" and how the 'ruining' of her reputation and legacy was certain if the public were to find out what the White House knew. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Stephen Gibbons, (additionally shown in the photograph) was also in the loop of awareness as evidenced by his additional 1938 recorded comments. To this day the public remains unaware of the 'against all orders' decision Amelia made. It was clear though, the White House continued to remain uncertain of the entirety of Earhart's flight-ending details and its ultimate outcome, as evidenced by an O-2 Intelligence file (released by the FOIA in 1980) displaying questions asked in November of 1938 pertaining to whether Earhart and Noonan had been intercepted and brought down by Japanese fighter pilots. No certifiable information was produced confirming Japan had done such a thing, but the query revealed the U.S. was still fishing for information concerning the duo's actual fate at that time. Please continue.  



ACCORDING TO HISTORY, ON THE MORNING OF JULY 2, 1937 Amelia Earhart sent her last 'officially recognized' radio transmission at 8:44AM as she and Fred Noonan continued to fly over the Pacific Ocean looking for Howland Island. Awaiting off-shore near Howland, the Coast Guard Cutter, 'Itasca' received messages from Amelia and transmitted back to her. Curiously, while the Itasca heard Amelia's transmissions fairly well, Amelia was unable to hear the Itasca's replies on either of her available frequencies. In the Itasca log's final recorded messages from Amelia, she mentioned her northwest-southeast line of position, "157-337" followed by her widely-contested final words, "We are running north and south." Her plane's fuel supply remained ample at that time; Amelia's Lockheed Electra had a distance range of 4,500 miles and the leg she and Noonan had flown from New Guinea to Howland was 2,550 miles. The duo's last coordinates were generally believed to have been, 'Somewhere In The Vicinity Northwest Of Howland Island, Far To The East-Southeast Of The Gilbert And Marshall Islands.' Even though Earhart and Noonan did not locate Howland--a tiny island amid a vast ocean expanse--they never reported any trouble flying and could easily have made it to another civilized land-mass with their 'Plan B' option. Of note, before she began her world flight Amelia had mentioned to Bureau of Air Commerce Chief, Gene Vidal how if she and Noonan had trouble locating Howland their 'Plan B' was to reserve enough fuel to head back to the British controlled Gilbert Islands, southernly adjacent to the Marshall Islands. (continued further down)

Although it is clear the White House withheld information about Amelia Earhart's flight outcome, it never officially commented on why it refused to make it public. Among the information it eventually did release, it was evident adjustments had been made to make it non-controversial. For example, its altered version of Earhart's final words included the phrase, "we are running north and south." So much left the public unaware of the final northern-heading Earhart and Noonan ultimately chose. It wasn't until 1983 that the discovered follow-up 'officially recorded' 0-2 Intelligence memo revealed Earhart had specified the duo's final heading as "north," matching her previous statement of 'heading for the Gilberts' if they didn't locate Howland.  


A 'FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT' DECLASSIFIED 0-2 INTELLIGENCE REPORT revealed how after Amelia Earhart's last publicly relayed radio transmission was logged, she sent additional radio transmissions that were officially recorded. The report included how upon Earhart and Noonan abandoning their effort to locate Howland, "She (Amelia) stated she was turning north and they (Earhart and Noonan) continued to be heard at intervals." The 0-2 report also mentioned, "Her signals became fainter as she continued to head north." The report was issued in response to a rumor of Japanese military planes having shot Earhart's plane down after it entered its air space. Australian Air Laison, Colonel H.H.C. Richards conveyed in the 1938 generated 0-2 report that he believed the suggestion was "not the case." Or, Japan fighter planes did not shoot Amelia Earhart's plane down in his opinion. It was also true; for three days Pan Am's Makapu Point station in Hawaii recorded follow up radio transmissions described as 'likely sent from Earhart.' A degree of error bearing correction from the Coast Guard Cutter Itasca to Makapu showed the signals emanating from the direction of the lower Marshall Islands. To date however, no Earhart radio messages besides those exhibited in the Itasca's log that stopped while Earhart and Noonan were in the vicinity of Howland on the morning of July 2, 1937 were ever authorized for public review. Curiously, even the Itasca's radio log was withheld from the public for more than a year by Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr., a key member of FDR's Cabinet. A few months before he finally did make it public, Morgenthau sent a message to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt displaying his reluctance to release the White House 'final report' on Earhart's flight ending, especially where it concerned a certain choice Earhart made that was "against all orders." He also edified for the First Lady how releasing it would 'ruin' Amelia Earhart's reputation. (continued further down)

Below: Two excerpts from Morgenthau's original May 13, 1938 transcripted response to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's request for information concerning the 'disappearance' of Amelia Earhart. 

From Morgenthau's conversation...
...with the First Lady's secretary Malvina Scheider about the withheld Earhart disappearance report.
An additional transcript exerpt:
The lack of a "proper search" referenced the U. S. never searching the Marshalls.

Note: Henry Morgenthau Jr. ended his conversation with Malvina Scheider by suggesting she 'make something up' to appease the First Lady's request. He did offer to personally tell the First Lady 'what happened' if she really wanted to know, but it was clear he didn't want to. Morgenthau professed to know a higher truth about Earhart's world flight outcome, and his assistant, Stephen Gibbons also mentioned the White House was privy to some kind of 'evidence' that would have been 'awful to have to make public' while indicating additional search efforts would be pointless. Morgenthau's comments were recorded while he was conducting a meeting on social security reform. Other people were in the room with he and Gibbons at the time, so he was careful while he spoke to Ms. Scheider on the phone. He didn't say it specifically, but he alluded to the idea of Earhart and Noonan having been intercepted, or perhaps even fired upon by Japan as they approached the Marshalls by way of 'wireless messages' pertaining to what Morgenthau described was, 'not a very nice story, what that woman went through her last few airborne minutes.' Realistically as well, it would have been an important objective for Morgenthau to steer the curious away from learning about Earhart's post loss reality if it pertained to a willingness she obliged Japan's Naval Authority with after her rescue. The matter of the Sino-Japanese War starting on July 7, 1937 (just five days after Earhart and Noonan went missing) that led to the U.S. imposing embargos on Japan and its endorsement of the Flying Tigers no-doubt exasperated Earhart's post-loss situation as well.
No one doubted Amelia's patriotism. As far as the 'Earhart and Noonan were spying' idea went, citing their doggedly researched foundations for it, Randall Brink and Fred Goerner, [even Amy Otis Earhart, Amelia's mother] determined there was a pre-planned alternate agend for Amelia's last flight. Whether those plans amounted to fly-over surveys Earhart and Noonan were to conduct for U.S. Naval Intelligence became the question. Randall Brink and Fred Goerner both felt, according to their investigative research findings in Washington DC, that the duo may have been asked to conduct fly-over surveys in an effort to detect illegal fortifications Japan was rumored to be building among its Mandate Islands. Similarly, Gervais and Reineck considered the duo might have also been set to begin or continue doing surveys in a different plane after making it to Hawaii (their last scheduled stop before their stateside return) where an extended layover had been been pre-arranged. It was later learned a long aviation double-runway had been surreptitiously constructed in the southwest wilderness section of Niihau at the same time the Howland Island runway was built for the Earhart flight. These hardly-used (if ever at all) Niihau runways are still visible by satellite today.  [See 'The Niihau Plan Rumor' at the bottom of the "A Few Odd Rumors About Amelia Earhart" page for more.]

From the Marshall Islands 1987 stamp series
Earhart's Electra shown re-routed to the Marshalls

After hearing of Gervais and Dinger's work...
...CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic blew the lid off the Earhart truth.


TODAY, MARSHALL ISLANDS GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS continue to describe, just as they always have, how Amelia Earhart's arrival at the Marshall Islands in 1937 when it was under Japan's pre-WWII authority is legitimate history. They also feel American pride and a quiet post-war agreement between Japan and the U.S. (as opposed to a vast conspiracy) aimed at the protection of Earhart's legacy and essential 'post-war goodwill' to commence between to the two countries, were the main reasons for disallowing such a truth to be publicly endorsed. It is also at least arguable, after Amelia Earhart ended her world-flight in Japan's pre-war Imperial Mandate Islands and spent time on Japan's governed Island of Saipan as well, she may not have remained there entirely against her will. Beyond Japan's denial of ever mistreating Earhart, and Ambassador Capelle's 'specific reason' statement for why Amelia Earhart was in the Marshalls, no solid conveyance of Amelia Earhart's or Fred Noonan's deaths taking place has ever surfaced.
No matter, for after USAF Captains, Joe Gervais and Bob Dinger's 1960s Earhart investigative research caught the attention of CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner, who found out their 'seventy eyewitness accounts' attesting to Earhart's survival and travels among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands during the war had been confiscated in 1962 by high-ranking U.S. military officials stationed in Japan, Goerner's groundbreaking 1966 book, The Search For Amelia Earhart blew the lid off the long buried reality of Earhart's last flight outcome. It also caused an important question to arise: Where Earhart and Noonan did make it to civilized land and received aid from Japan, what became of them after that? It was clear by the end of the 1960s decade, as if to put a final lid on the story, the American public had been persuaded by more sensationalized theories to believe Earhart had either died of an illness Japan neglected, or in a more macabre way, from Japan having executed both she and Noonan.
Beyond the simple 'crashed and sank' idea, with all other suggestions of Earhart's fate rebuffed by 'official silence' in Tokyo and Washington, the Earhart disappearance case evolved to become an open playing field. So much so, by the 1980s, out of the blue and with no real historical foundation to support it, the U.S. Navy began to favor a more 'innocent' alternate ending for Earhart and Noonan with the introduction of a nonsensical idea suggesting the two flew so far off course in the opposite direction of civilization, that they ended up hundreds of miles south of Howland Island on the desert island of Gardner, now known as Nikamororo. A more romantic version of their demise to be sure, it offered how the two lived alone like Robinson Crusoe there until they died of hunger and dehydration. Even though the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum has always maintained no authentic evidence has ever been produced to support the claim, the 'castaways' scenario still remains an occasional reported-on news item, helping to sweep volumes of previously discovered investigation data under the rug of official U.S. history. In the meantime, since the 1970s any mention of Earhart and Noonan having privately continued to live out of the public eye for reasons unknown by the public, has perpetually remained ignored by official U.S. history. Recall however, there never was an official investigation that looked into the 1937 disappearance of Earhart and Noonan. Note how in 1960 Amelia Earhart would have only been sixty-three years old. So where she did survive her storied disappearance in Japan's care, it is likely she was still alive in 1960, and therefore as well, for years to follow while sporting a new identity.

PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT DURING PEARL HARBOR CONFERENCE. General MacArthur and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz on deck of the USS Baltimore with the President, July 1944.
Above: General Douglas MacArthur, President Franklin Roosevelt, Admiral Chester Nimitz on the USS Baltimore, July 1944. Famous figures from the World War Two era, there is no doubt they were all aware of the Earhart post-loss situation on a higher level than the general public was. In 1965 Admiral Nimitz plainly admitted it was quietly "known and documented in Washington" that Earhart and Noonan survived their flight ending and were "picked up" by Japan. The Gervais-Irene's later life friends in General MacArthur's widow, Jean MacArthur and United States Senator, Barry Goldwater of Arizona were perhaps also linked to a higher understanding of the Earhart story. As was often the norm when it came to regarding certain war-time controversies, at some point it was decided the official U.S. disposition about Amelia Earhart's disappearance would evermore be greeted with a let's move on attitude, or, "official silence." Thus it remained to evermore be officially recognized; After July 2, 1937, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were technically considered 'missing persons' until they were both legally declared 'dead' a year and a half later, and according to official U.S. history, it has remained that way ever since.

BEYOND THE OBVIOUS Gervais-Irene to Amelia congruence, the vast amount of information accumulated since the 1960s that exposed the Irene-Amelia controversy speaks for itself, to include how the Forensic Comparison Study, along with the recent-years testimony of the original Irene's son, clearly revealed how three different women were historically attributed to the same 'Irene' identity.


Below: Some post-loss words and thoughts expressed by George Putnam and Jackie Cochran. 

George Palmer Putnam 'discovered' Amelia in 1928.
After they wed in 1931, he served as Amelia's promoter and manager until 1937. (See excerpt, right.)

George Palmer Putnam:
"Is there any way of ascertaining what the Japanese are actually doing? Especially as regards a real search of the eastern fringe of the Marshall Islands? That is one of the most fruitful possible locations for wreckage." Excerpt from a 7/31/37 George Palmer Putnam note to White House Attorney, Marvin Mcintyre, four weeks after Amelia was reported missing.
Jackie Cochran:
During the year before Amelia vanished, Jackie Cochran (shown on the right with Amelia) recalled of that time period, "I was closer to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." The quote was taken from Jackie Cochran's 1987 autobiography by Maryann Bucknum Brinley, and was telling of the growing trouble signs in Amelia's marriage. Jackie Cochran replaced Amelia as 'the most famous female pilot' in the United States after 1937. She too befriended First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, headed up the WASP (Woman's Air Service Pilots) contingency during World War Two, and with the help of her good friend, Chuck Yeager she became the first woman to break the sound barrier. Jackie had married multi-millionaire, Floyd Odlum who helped with the enormous cost of Amelia's last flight. Amelia dedicated her final book, Last Flight to Floyd as a thank you. Jackie Cochran was also instrumental in getting Eisenhower elected President, and Ike and Mamie often stayed with Jackie and Floyd in Indio in the 1960s. Curiously, in the 1970s, at a function honoring heroic female pilots of the past, when Amelia Earhart's name was mentioned Jackie Cochran audibly acknowledged that Amelia would 'never show her face here after what she did,' indicating her awareness of something patriotically awry Amelia became caught up with after she went missing in 1937, and 'present tense' hinting of her continued existence as well. 

Amelia with Jackie Cochran, 1937
Shown at the Odlum-Cochran ranch near Indio, CA where Amelia 'often visited alone.'

Can a person change over time, to a point where they're no longer recognizable for who they used to be? Consider the following:

"We fancy ourselves as concrete things, something with boundaries, unchanging, and when we have occasion to refer to ourselves or examine ourselves introspectively, we believe we know what we refer to and are adamant in our avowal of self. The truth is we neither know ourselves nor are we the same from one moment in our lives to the next. If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)

Below are a few quotes displaying interesting, if not revealing sides of Amelia's private and public sides. The first two are from Susan Butler's 1997 Addison-Wesley Amelia Earhart biography, East To The Dawn. The 'Muhammed Ali' quote comes from Susan Ware's 1993 W.W. Norton Amelia Earhart biography, Still Missing; Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism.  

"...Amelia's habit of concealment extended even to her closest of friends..."

"...averse as she was to ceding control of her life in any circumstance to someone else."

 Then again, when it came to speaking her mind; "Amelia was about as shy as Muhammad Ali."

Where history treated Amelia Earhart unfairly, it is mainly because a difference existed between what the public thought it understood about the time period of her last flight, compared to what it did not later recall. One thing often overlooked was how Amelia was an anti-war pacifist who was not so affected by the growing negative feelings toward Japan in 1937, four years before Pearl Harbor happened. She was adhering to an isolationist stance, and during her last flight she wrote favorably of all nations she visited. Amelia also spoke several languages to include Japanese, she adored Japan's culture and she was a hero there in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had been. She always chose to do things her own way, and in effect, when the Sino-Japanese war broke out on July 7, 1937--just five days after she was declared a missing person, she was pretty much gone forever from that point on.

Another Gervais-Irene photo...
...superimposed with Amelia.

"I think of God as a symbol for good, thinking good, identifying good in everybody and everything. This God I think of is not an abstraction, but a vitalizing, universal force, eternally present, and at all times available." Amelia Earhart

"Do not believe in what you've heard. Do not believe in tradition because it is handed down many generations. Do not believe in anything that has been spoken of many times. Do not believe because the written statements come from some old sage. Do not believe in conjecture. Do not believe in authority or teachers or elders. But after careful observation and analysis, when it agrees with reason and it will benefit one and all, then accept it and live by it."

Buddah (563 B.C. - 483 B.C.)


Iva Toguri, 1946

The FBI version of Iva Toguri (other surname, "d’Aquino") and “Tokyo Rose”

Following the Japanese surrender in September 1945, American troops began searching for Japanese military leaders and others who may have committed war crimes. The press—sometimes following, sometimes beating the military to the scene—did the same.

Two of these reporters, Henry Brundidge and Clark Lee, sought “Tokyo Rose,” the notorious siren who tried to demoralize American soldiers and sailors during the war by highlighting their hardships and sacrifices.

Through their legwork and contacts, the two reporters quickly identified one young American woman, Iva Toguri, who had made such broadcasts. Brundidge and Lee offered her a significant sum, which they later reneged on paying, for exclusive rights to interview her. Toguri agreed, signing a contract that identified her as Tokyo Rose.

The problem for Aquino, though, was that Tokyo Rose was not an actual person, but the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American-speaking women who made propaganda broadcasts under different aliases. As a result of her interview with the two reporters, Aquino came to be seen by the public—though not by Army and FBI investigators—as the mythical protagonist Tokyo Rose. This popular image defined her in the public mind of the post-war period and continues to color debate about her role in World War II today.

[Protecting Earhart note: The statement "Tokyo Rose was not an actual person," contradicts the testimony former U.S. soldiers gave during the Tokyo Rose trial in 1949--who avowed there had been one specific American female voice with a pure accent who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," just as Iva Toguri had consistently identified herself as "Orphan Ann" or "Orphan Annie." Note as well how careful the language is used where the FBI final report conveyed how 'Tokyo Rose' was "the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American speaking women..." It is also no small coincidence, in the Marshall Islands, Amelia Earhart grew to be commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa' after she was picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy, with the common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' being "that held by the chrysanthemum," and the chrysanthemum symbolizing the seal of the Emperor of Japan.] 

The Zero Hour

In November 1943, Toguri was asked to become a broadcaster for Radio Tokyo on the Zero Hour program. The program was part of a Japanese psychological warfare campaign designed to lower the morale of U.S. Armed Forces. The Zero Hour was broadcast every day except Sunday, from 6 p.m. until 7:15 p.m., Tokyo time. Toguri participated in most weekday broadcasts, but other women handled weekend duties.

Toguri was introduced on the program as “Orphan Ann,” “Orphan Annie.” Toguri’s average time on each program was about 20 minutes, during which she made propaganda statements and introduced popular records of the day, such as “Speak to Me of Love,” “In a Little Gypsy Tea Room,” and “Love’s Old Sweet Song.” The remainder of the program was devoted chiefly to news items from America and general news commentaries by other members of the broadcasting staff.


Click here to e-mail and/or Beyond 37', or just e-mail was first launched in 2007. The comprehensive Forensic Analysis and Forensic Comparison Study it partially displays, 1.) Proved more than one person employed the same 'Irene' identity. 2.) Displayed the head-to-toe congruence the Gervais-Irene shared with Amelia Earhart. 3.) Proved the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
The analysis initially began in 1997 and was beta copyrighted in 2002. Tod Swindell's original manuscript, Protecting Earhart: The Beautiful Alter Ego and Silent Legacy of History's Most Famous Flying Heroine has been housed and registered at the Writers Guild of America West since 2004, #1033972, and was copyrighted in 2014. For subsidiary rights information e-mail
This website is dedicated to the late USAF Major Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005] and the late USAF Col. Rollin C. Reineck [1920-2007], two World War Two heroes who began expounding on the 'Amelia became Irene' truth decades ago. A special thanks also goes out to Ann Holtgren Pellegreno, whose enormous help with supplying never before made public 'Irene' photo data in 2002 paved the way for the forensic comparison study to finally reach its reality based conclusion. Thanks as well to Bazzell Baz, who helped to breathe new life into the Earhart truth seeking endeavor in the late 1990s.
Major Gervais, who was considered by many to have been the most knowledgeable Amelia Earhart investigative researcher ever to pursue the truth, first suspected the Irene-Amelia reality in 1965. The controversial 1970 McGraw-Hill book by Joe Klaas, Amelia Earhart Lives delved into the enormous amount of Joe Gervais' investigative research and displayed the first nationally published photo of Irene Bolam, AKA the Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.' Regardless of the fallout caused by Amelia Earhart Lives, Major Gervais and Colonel Reineck spent the last four decades of their lives working to advance the claim of Earhart's name-changed survival to authenticity after enduring their own long term investigative analysis of the evidence that supported it. Colonel Reineck's book Amelia Earhart Survived was published in late 2003 and was greatly inspired by Tod Swindell's Irene-Amelia forensic analysis. Portions of the study appeared in the Reineck book, that is more extensively displayed in Protecting Earhart, Beyond 37', and are owned and managed by Tod Swindell through Aether Pictures & Press, LLC.

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