Welcome To Protecting Earhart's 'Irene-Amelia.com'
"The Most Serious & Historically Honest Amelia
Non-publicized historical truths about Amelia Earhart have long existed.
A new book, Protecting Earhart due out
in 2017, meticulously details them.
presented in Irene-Amelia.com previews the ten-year forensic analysis and three hundred page MSS, 'Protecting Earhart.' [Protecting Earhart U.S. Copyright Office Registration Number: TXu 1-915-926]
What history itself reveals about Amelia
|Marshall Islands Ambassador, Alfred Capelle...
|told the Associated Press in 2002: "Amelia Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937"
|The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
|Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their crash and rescue at Mili Atoll
The 'Disappearance' Story
starting out in Oakland, California and heading eastward, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan then took off from Miami, Florida
on June 1, 1937 to embark on their Globe Circling Flight at the Equator in Amelia's Lockheed Electra--a sleek, new plane
that had been nicknamed, 'the Flying Laboratory.' Thirty-one days later they fell short of completing their journey, were
described to have 'vanished without a trace,' and purportedly, they were never seen again.
Earhart proved otherwise...
Over the years conventional stodginess
managed to leave people doubting that Amelia Earhart continued to survive after her storied 'disappearance.' In support of
a decades-old, 'never disproved' claim, Protecting Earhart delivers a forensic viewpoint that displays how Amelia
actually did live-on to become one of three women attributed to the same identity of "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile
Protecting Earhart reverted back to the original foundation of
investigative research pertaining to Amelia Earhart's loss, and within it managed to forensically display what became of
|Two photos superimposed: Amelia as herself in 1933 and as 'Irene' in 1965
|Rare photo of Amelia Earhart
|Looking tired in New Guinea, just before she went missing.
When one compares the care-worn Amelia photo
on the left to the more relaxed & cheerful one on the right, it's hard to recognize they are mid-1930s photos of the same
person. Directly below is a photo of Amelia after she completed her Friendship Flight, the one that instantly catapulted her
from obscurity to world fame.
Amelia, age 30, after her
'Friendship' Atlantic crossing.
|Later as 'Irene' she sometimes sported a similar hairstyle.
Left: Irene [the 'Gervais-Irene'] in Japan in 1963.
with her former 'Amelia' self.
[See more comparison samples displayed throughout the website]
The three different women historically identified as one in the
same, "Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam." Denials
notwithstanding, anymore it is forensically certain the woman shown
in 1946 on the far-right was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
the 1965 words of World War Two Pacific Fleet Commander, Admiral Chester Nimitz, who described how even though their actual
fate was never publicly advertised, the controversial reality of Earhart and Noonan ending up
in the Marshall Islands in Japan's custody was long ago, "known and documented in Washington." 1965 was
fifty-years ago. In subsequent years, Admiral Nimitz' disclosure was quietly swept under the rug of official history.
No matter, over time the verisimilitude of his admission was deemed credible by follow-up investigators who studied Amelia
Earhart's disappearance. Not to leave out, in the Marshall Islands it has always been commonly recognized that Amelia
Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there in 1937, allowing the more serious debate to focus on what became of them after
that. In Amelia's case, anymore her post-loss survival as one of three people attributed to the same identity is fairly
In the early to mid-1960s,
KCBS Radio investigative journalist, Fred Goerner was granted several interviews with Admiral Chester Nimitz
pertaining to the true outcome of Amelia Earhart's
1937 world flight. The great Admiral confided in Goerner that Amelia ended up in Japan's
custody in 1937 after going down in the Marshall
Islands. Goerner affirmed such a truth after conducting his own deep investigation, and soon
after, his 1966 groundbreaking book, The Search For
Amelia Earhart found itself on the New York Times Best-Seller list for twelve straight weeks.
The fallout Goerner caused along with the 1970 book, Amelia
Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas, led to strong influences geared at diverting media outlets,
such as major newspapers and national TV news teams,
away from conveying the most controversial facts about Amelia Earhart's loss to the public.
Amazingly, the tradition
of biased reporting in the U.S. when it comes to addressing Amelia Earhart's disappearance still remains in place
A Closer Look
At Admiral Nimitz' Disclosure
As mentioned, in 1965 Admiral Chester Nimitz, U.S. Navy Commander of the
Pacific Fleet during World War Two, confided in CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner how it was long ago, "known
and documented in Washington" that "Earhart and her navigator went down in the Marshall Islands and were
picked up by Japan." As 'classified' information, Admiral Nimitz added it was a common assumption among he and his
military peers who shared his level of intelligence, that Amelia and Fred Noonan met a difficult death at some point while
they were in Japan's custody. The idea that Amelia somehow managed to live-on wasn't even considered then. She did though,
and some investigators contend that Fred Noonan continued to live as well.
| 1944 USAAF Marshall Islands reconnaissance photo
|Taken on a bombing run over Taroa, eyewitnesses claimed Amelia's 'wing damaged' plane ended up there
| Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis displayed Amelia alive for nearly four decades after WWII
Recent New York Post, Washington Post, and Chicago Tribune stories that offered how Amelia may
have died a castaway's death on the island of Nikumaroro, refers to a three-decades-old baseless
suggestion that obfuscates the reality of Amelia's actual flight ending through media
outlets. The fantastic notion that Amelia safely landed on Nikumaroro and radioed for three
days before the tide magically pulled her heavy plane out to deep ocean waters never to be found, marks a
fairy tale invention that preys on less informed individuals--including some in the past who ended
up draining their pockets to support its misguided plane-hunt expeditions.]
Common Knowledge Elsewhere
It has long
been common knowledge in the Marshall Islands that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up there before they were picked
up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Recall in 1937, Japan was the ruling government authority in the Marshalls and
its other surrounding Mandate Islands where Americans were not welcome. Hostility was brewing there at the time and the local
Mandate Islands populations feared the authoritarian rule of Japan's military. The Marshall Islands went on to become a stronghold
for Japan's Imperial Navy and Air Force during World War Two, until U.S. armed forces conquered and occupied them in 1944,
temporarily placing Admiral Nimitz in charge there. Following the war, the Marshall Islands became its own governing republic.
Rosa" Versus "Tokyo Rose"
After she was picked up and detained by Japan, Amelia was soon being referred
to by Mandate Islands local populations as, "Tokyo Rosa." This was years before World War Two American soldiers
stationed in the Pacific began listening to Japan's NHK Radio, 'Tokyo Rose' broadcasts. United States post-war efforts obfuscated
Tokyo Rose's original association with the detained Amelia Earhart, that had inspired Japan's invention of the Tokyo Rose
broadcasts. A few years after the war, the FBI asserted no one ever used the name of 'Tokyo Rose.' Soldiers who heard her
broadcasts strongly disagreed, testifying there was at least one American accented female among a few others who consistently
identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," further describing how she ended her night-time broadcasts by saying, "This
is Tokyo Rose, goodnight, and try and sleep if you can."
An American woman of Japanese descent, Iva Toguri
was a UCLA student on break when she found herself stuck in Japan after the Pearl Harbor attack. Iva was arrested as 'Tokyo
Rose' after the war, although she never used that name. Iva's radio name was, 'Orphan Ann.' It is fairly certain how immediately
after VJ Day, Iva Toguri was railroaded into being falsely attributed to the name of 'Tokyo Rose' in an attempt to deflect
its war-years association with 'Tokyo Rosa,' AKA 'the detained by Japan, Amelia Earhart.' After all, according to the recognized
facts in the United States as World War Two was heating-up, Amelia was said to have 'disappeared' in 1937, and she was legally
declared 'dead' in 1939.
A Japanese translated definition of 'Tokyo Rose' is: "That held by the Chrysanthemum."
The Chrysanthemum flower has long adorned the seal of the Emperor of Japan.
|Tokyo Rose did exist...
|After the war the FBI asserted Tokyo Rose was never personified. Soldiers who heard her disagreed.
On Amelia's Continued Survival...
Protecting Earhart shows how the conveyance of
Amelia Earhart's continued survival with a different identity was never as far-fetched as some people made it out to be.
For instance, after Charles Lindbergh died in 1974, thirty
more years passed before it was verified [in 2004] that he spent a
great deal of time in Europe from the 1950s to the 1970s
leading a double life as 'Careu Kent,' even fathering children there while doing so--with his American family unaware of
Protecting Earhart forensically displays how after 1970,
the year the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy first surfaced, decades worth of follow-up investigative research unraveled and revealed
a well hidden truth, where subsequent to when Amelia Earhart went missing in 1937, she too ended up leading a double life
after acquiescing the left-over identity of a former acquaintance of hers, 'Irene [nee O'Crowley] Craigmile.'
this forensic truehood is incontestable.
Above left: Amelia Earhart
Above right: the original Irene Craigmile [nee O'Crowley] shown with her husband and father in 1930
Again, the Gervais-Irene in Japan in 1963, then
superimposed with her former
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis revealed
three different women had been attributed
same 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity, and one of
them was previously known as, 'Amelia
© Protecting Earhart
Again, the three different women attributed to the same
Irene Craigmile identity: On the left is the original Irene Craigmile in 1930, whose family Amelia had known.
In the middle is the second Irene Craigmile
shown in the early to mid-1940s; on the right is the third Irene Craigmile [Gervais-Irene] in 1946, FKA 'Amelia Earhart.'
The original Irene Craigmile's son, Larry Heller, who never came to
know his true biological mother, specifically identified the Irene shown in the middle as his 'mother.'
A few years
ago a rumor surfaced suggesting the 'Amelia became Irene' assertion had been disproved. It wasn't true. Of note, as
a ward of the U.S. government, it has never been endorsed to conduct its own official investigation into Amelia Earhart's
disappearance, but in 2015, commenting on the suggestion of Amelia's eventual name change
to 'Irene,' the Smithsonian Institution itself advocated the controversy, "lives on."
Many have questioned, ridiculed, even shouted-down the reality of Amelia's post-loss
survival and later existence as 'Irene.' To all who still disbelieve, the following quote about 'truth' is applicable:
truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being
self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer
It is now certain how over the course of several decades, a historically important
truth about Amelia Earhart evolved to be self-evident: Three different women were attributed to the same identity
of 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile Heller Bolam,' and one of them was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
|Amelia & her future self, the Gervais-Irene
Below: Two more examples from over two-hundred
comparisons displayed in Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. The "self-evident"
truth is not only correct, anymore it is obvious. Head to toe and character trait wise, Amelia and the Gervais-Irene proved
to be 'naturally congruent' to each other because they were one-in-the-same human being known by different names in different
eras. It may never be fully known how such a thing happened, all that is known is it did happen.
"Special recognition goes
to Tod Swindell, who undertook an extensive, in-depth forensic analysis of Irene Bolam and Amelia Earhart to show the world
they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck [Ret.], from the Preface in his book, Amelia
Left: The Gervais-Irene Bolam in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976;
Middle to far right, superimposed with her former self.
"The forensic studies are very convincing.
She was not an ordinary housewife as she claimed. She was influential, knew many well
placed people and was well traveled." From an Associated Press article by Ron Staton, John Bolam, the survived
brother-in-law of the Gervais-Irene refers to Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis.
John Bolam was the brother of the Gervais-Irene's British husband, Guy who she wed in
1958. He described his brother, Guy [who died in 1970] as 'a past MI-6 operative.'
|1923 into a mirror 'selfie'
|Two photos superimposed
|Amelia & her later self, the Gervais-Irene
Twenty-five years ago, an inadverdent confirmation of Amelia's continued survival after her disappearance went largely unnoticed.
|Former Secretary of State, James A. Baker III
|Senator Daniel Inouye [1924-2012]
|A decorated WWII hero, Daniel Inouye served in the Senate for forty-nine years
In 1990, after being formally requested by Senator Daniel Inouye
of Hawaii to explain a recently discovered, World War Two, "Earhart,
Amelia: Special War Problems" file, Secretary of State, James Baker's office confirmed a 1945 end of war Japanese
civilian internment camp liberation telegram contained in the file had, "concerned Amelia Earhart." [The previously classified file was found and made public by State Department employee, Patricia Morton.
The State Department's reply to Senator Inouye was sure to include how Ms. Morton, "was not acting in an official capacity"
when she shared her discovery with the press.]
Before she left on her world flight, Amelia Earhart publicized it would be her
'last great flight.' That it was, and not only was it marking the end of her career as a record setting pilot, she was also
saying goodbye to being recognized as one of the most famous women on earth. As well, privately she had been contemplating
ending her six-year marriage to her manager and publicist, George Putnam.
"...I was closer
to Amelia than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam." Amelia's famous pilot friend, Jackie Cochran, commenting
on the year before Amelia left on her world flight.
not have held such a happy future for her." Eleanor Roosevelt, commenting on her friend, Amelia, the day after
she was reported 'missing.'
an odd turn of events left Amelia Earhart 'a missing person' in 1937, missing person cases are solved in two ways:
1.) By finding the missing person, or 2.) By finding the body of the missing person.
Orville Wright and Amelia Earhart
Ever since Amelia Earhart
was declared a 'missing person' on July 2, 1937, official history has subtly coerced the public to believe her body
was never seen again by anyone. Over the years though, investigators interviewed many eyewitnessess, Marshall Islands
government officials, and a contingency of World War Two veterans from the U.S. and Japan who strongly disagreed with this
persuasion. Instead, they described how Amelia was a victim of inordinate circumstances who lived well beyond the day she was
reported 'missing.' U.S.
Navy Admiral, Chester Nimitz in 1965: "It was known and documented in Washington." U.S. Air
Force Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.) when interviewed by the National Geographic Channel: "Amelia Earhart
survived, there's no doubt about it anymore."
Proud with her wings, Mrs. Irene Bolam in 1978
[AKA, the 'Gervais-Irene' FKA 'Amelia Earhart.']
According to record, Mrs. Irene Bolam had a son
who was born in 1934. When
by Protecting Earhart's, Tod Swindell, her 'son' identified
an entirely different
woman to have been his 'mother' than
the Mrs. Irene Bolam displayed in the above photograph.
Below left: A 1940s
photo of the woman identified by Irene Bolam's son as his 'mother.'
Below right: A 1946 photo of the woman who was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
[AKA the Gervais-Irene, it marks
the earliest known post-disappearance photo of her.]
A later photograph taken of her by retired USAF Major, Joe Gervais when they met in
1965 was published in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart
Lives by Joe Klaas. Niether of these women
identify the original Irene O'Crowley Craigmile, the true biological mother of her 1934 born son.
[Info on the real,
'original' Irene, who Amelia had known, appears further down.]
a solid foundation for doing so, from 1970 on convention derided the never-settled controversy of Mrs. Irene Bolam, a highly
enigmatic woman, who even after she died in 1982 many people continued to suspect she used to be Amelia Earhart. Upstanding
individuals who knew her actually professed she was FKA, 'Earhart.' Senator Barry Goldwater, original seven Astronaut, Wally Schirra, and former President of
Seton Hall College, Monsignor James Francis Kelley were among those who had known Irene Bolam. After she died all three affirmed;
she had previously been known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
By way of Protecting Earhart and the new-millennium,
'ten-year forensic analysis' it represents, people can now examine Amelia Earhart's private survival story more thoroughly
than ever before, and learn as well, how the post-World War Two 'Gervais-Irene' body evidence of Mrs. Irene Bolam undeniably
did represent the body evidence... of Amelia Earhart.
Head-to-toe, feet, hands, arm lengths, heights, ears, nasals, faces,
teeth, necks, shoulders, breastplates, hairlines, etc., not to leave out character traits... when the Gervais-Irene
and Amelia were thoroughly compared in Protecting Earhart's study, everything lined up.
"With all that has
been learned about it in the new millennium, it is time to 'lift the veil' from what really is the blatant face of truth
about Amelia Earhart. Anymore, rejecting this truth and encouraging others to dismiss it, only embraces and promotes
a historical delusion." Protecting Earhart's Tod Swindell
"Weighing all the evidence put together, I believe she did survive. I believe
she survived and came back to the United States, but that she wanted her privacy." Lou Foudray, Head of
the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum.
Below: It is as if a historic 'veil' has long prevented the truth about Amelia Earhart's later life as 'Irene'
from being publicly recognized.
Below: Considering the 'veil' hanging over the superimposed faces of
Amelia and her future 'Irene' self, note the reference to a 'wire netting' in an excerpt about the famous clairvoyant, Edgar
Cayce's July 5, 1937 'trance vision' of what happened to Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. [Many consider Edgar Cayce to have been a human psychic phenomenon.] It's
worth noting, the most consistent description of the date of Japan's rescue of the flying duo was 'July 6, 1937.' Here's
what Cayce envisioned in his trance three days after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were declared 'missing':
""She is alive and doing much better since
the crash. He is panicky, and not injured bodily as much as from exposure and the mental condition. Their plane was damaged
during the landing, leaving them stranded. Conditions, to be sure, are gradually growing worse all the time. But there should
be the rescue with that set in motion, in the early morning of tomorrow, which is already beginning, but not fully complete
yet, and more activity is being shown in the right direction now."
As Edgar Cayce emerged from his trance he had a vision of a 'wire netting,'
leading some to interpret Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were taken captive."" From Protecting Earhart's
section about The Messenger, a biography of Edgar Cayce by Sydney Kirkpatrick.
Since 1970, four nationally published books authored by different investigative researchers concluded Amelia Earhart survived her 1937 disappearance in Japan's custody
and she eventually changed her name to 'Irene Craigmile,' the same name of a 1930s acquaintance of hers. Unlike Amelia's
background, research showed the original Irene Craigmile's existence during the 1920s and 1930s was ambiguous and sordid,
and exemplified a person who generally lacked ambition. [Scroll down about a quarter of
the way for a brief on the original, 'Irene Craigmile.']
|The Joe Klaas-Joe Gervais book:
|A best-seller in 1970, it determined Amelia privately survived and later changed her name to Irene.
|By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
|A first hand account; note Irene's photo on the cover.
|By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2003
|Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
|Most recent, by W. C. Jameson
|Concluded the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was FKA 'Earhart'
Joe Gervais was
first to realize the 'Amelia became Irene' equation in 1965, with his five-year 'investigative research' assessment of it
later appearing in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives. In time a slew of follow up investigators [and authors] who seriously
looked into the controversy came to agree with Gervais, and they determined Amelia accepted her new existence as 'Irene'
not only for political reasons, but because she no longer wanted to be a famous, 'public' person. As a good friend and confidant
of hers, former Seton Hall College president, Monsignor James Francis Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey described it to Rockville,
Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley in 1987: "After all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore."
Another decade would pass after Monsignor Kelley described what he did
to Dean Magley, before Protecting Earhart's 'first of its kind' quantitative forensic analysis began highlighting the
credibility of the well-known Monsignor's words. [See the upper-left Monsignor Kelley page-link for more.]
The follow-up Protecting Earhart MS expounded on the results of its long-term, comprehensive analysis and
supportive research, that enabled it to forensically endorse the conclusion of Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival that left
her further known as, 'Irene Craigmile.' [Note:
In 1958 said 'Irene Craigmile' married Guy Bolam of England, thereafter leaving her known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam.']
About the original,
|The Original Irene Craigmile, 1930.
|Shown with her husband Charles & her father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley.
|The original Irene Craigmile, 1932
|Amelia and Viola Gentry helped her get flying lessons
The original Irene Craigmile and
Amelia Earhart were acquaintances.
original Irene Craigmile's maiden name was 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley.' Born in 1904, she was an only child. Her mother, Bridget,
who called her daughter, 'Madeline' died when the original Irene was twelve. Following his wife's death, the original Irene's father, Richard Joseph O'Crowley
[known as 'Joe'] was unable to raise his daughter alone due to his work schedule, leaving
her to be further raised by her paternal grandmother and aunt. By 1920, Joe had remarried and only saw his daughter infrequently
from then on.
Amelia Earhart had been a good friend of the original Irene's
paternal aunt, an attorney by the name of Irene Mary Rutherford O'Crowley, who like Amelia was a prominent ZONTA member in
the 1930s. The original Irene Craigmile's first husband, Charles Craigmile, who she wed in 1927, died tragically of appendicitus
during a road trip the couple took in 1931. A year later, Amelia and Viola Gentry helped arrange flying lessons for the original
Irene, who in late May of 1933 was awarded her pilot's license--only to realize she was newly pregnant out of wedlock at the
time, thus ending her very brief stint as a pilot. [It was the second time the original Irene had become pregnant out of wedlock.]
Within a few months she eloped to marry the father, her former flight instructor, Alvin Heller. Their son, Clarence Alvin
'Larry' Heller was then born in March of 1934. Soon after, the couple's relationship faltered; Al Heller moved away and in
time their marriage was annulled. An ugly custody battle for their son also ensued with both Al Heller and the original Irene
Craigmile accusing each other of poor parenting, excessive drinking and promiscuous behavior. Amid this turmoil, as of the
early 1940s the original Irene Craigmile no longer appeared. It is evident the troubled couple's son, who grew up to be a
Pan Am pilot, only recalled a surrogate mother figure from prior to his enrolling at a boarding school in the early 1940s,
for the woman he identified as his 'childhood mother,' the 'Non Gervais-Irene' was a generation younger than his biological
mother. Only in recent years was this forensic reality verified by way of Protecting Earhart. [Note: The lengthy,
'Al Heller-Irene Craigmile 1938-1942 annulment and child custody file' is viewable via the Nassau County, Long Island public
Meet The 'New' Irene Craigmile
the 'new' Irene Craigmile emerged in the United States following the World War Two years, more than two decades would pass
before anyone would suspect she was the former Amelia Earhart. By then she was known as 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' as a result of
her 1958 marriage to Guy Bolam of England. As the debate about her grew, even friends of hers openly struggled with the question
of her true identity:
|Gervais-Irene Craigmile became Irene Bolam in 1958
|LPGA Promoter, Peter Busatti with his friend, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' in the 1970s
"Peter Busatti said he accompanied Mrs. Bolam to the Wings Club in New
York City on one occasion. He said a full length portrait of Amelia Earhart hangs in the room dedicated
in her honor. ""It was a dead ringer for Irene,"" he said. ""I told her she looked like Amelia Earhart and she said, ""No,
I don't look like her."" ""Sometimes I thought she was, sometimes
I thought she wasn't. Once when I asked her directly she replied, ""When I die you'll find out,"" Busatti said.
At a Wings Club event in Washington, Busatti mentioned all the admirals and generals seemed to
know her." Excerpts from a 1982 Woodbridge New Jersey News Tribune article.
|Top middle: Gervais-Irene & former Amelia self
|Bottom row, far left; Amelia; middle, her future self; right, Amelia
Above and below: © Protecting Earhart
|Below: 1928 Amelia photo starts morphing...
|...a photo of her later self.
Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis
not only compared physical beings, it also compared character traits, to include a document examination handwriting analysis.
Two samples from the handwriting analysis appear below the following text:
In The Gervais-Irene's Own Words...
"I can offer in evidence two people
whom you may call for verification of this fact, because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile."
"It has always been my feeling the Amelia Earhart has not passed away completely, so long as there is one person
alive who still remembers her."
Above: Two cryptic Gervais-Irene quotes from a 1967 letter
she wrote to retired Air Force Major, Joe Gervais. [See handwritten excerpt & comparison below.] Note her non denial-denial
language use, "...because they each knew us both well as Amelia Earhart and Irene Craigmile," where she plainly
stated the two people she referenced knew her by different names; Amelia and Irene. [The 'two
people' were Amelia's well known 1930s' pilot friends, Viola Gentry & Elmo Pickerill who reckoned her as 'Irene' after
the World War Two era.] Note as well, her odd reference to "the Amelia Earhart" as
if she likened the name to a ship that had sunk long ago.
Below: Two handwriting comparison
samples from Protecting Earhart's forensic analysis. Handwritten letters of Amelia's and the Gervais-Irene's were compared
|Gervais-Irene's handwriting compared to Amelia's:
|From a 1967 letter she sent to Joe Gervais, with Amelia's own "Amelia M. Earhart" signature added.
|Gervais-Irene cursive letters compared to Amelia's
|From Protecting Earhart's study; above left side: The Gevais-Irene; Above right side: Amelia Earhart
When addressing the outcome of the 1937 world flight
Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan fell short of completing, this much is certain: The truth was never supposed
to become public information:
"It isn't a very nice
story. I hope that I've just got to never make it public." 1938, White
House Cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. comments on the reluctance of the White House to share what it learned about
Amelia Earhart's disappearance. Lost in the shuffle of the World War Two era, the White House never did, 'make it public.'
|President Franklin Roosevelt's cabinet, late 1930s
|Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. is seated to the left of the President
Of Henry P. Morgenthau
Jr., whose friendship with FDR dated back to 1915, Eleanor Roosevelt recalled: “For so many years, both as friends
and as workers, my husband and I were closely associated with Mr. and Mrs. Henry Morgenthau, Jr. It is interesting to know
that my husband never held a political office from the time of his governorship of New York State without having Henry Morgenthau,
Jr., in some way in his official family. There was an underlying deep devotion and trust which never really wavered.”
|Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. & FDR
More than his Secretary
of the Treasury title entailed, the FDR Library references Henry Morgenthau, Jr. as “a personal friend of FDR and
one of the most significant figures of the Roosevelt Administration.” Of the FDR
Library’s Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. diaries collection, Eleanor Roosevelt remarked, "They will provide material
of an essential kind for future historians."
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s expanded commentary on what happened to Amelia Earhart
during her world flight quest, as directed to Eleanor Roosevelt by way of a Dictaphone recorded phone call with her secretary,
Malvina Scheider, included the following:
Morgenthau: "This letter
that Mrs. Roosevelt wrote on trying to get the report on Amelia Earhart..." "If we give it to this one man we've
got to make it public..." "...we can't let one man see it."
"Amelia Earhart absolutely disregarded all orders..." "if we ever release this thing, goodbye Amelia Earhart's
reputation." "We have the report of all those wireless messages and everything else, what that woman, happened to her the last few minutes, I hope I've just got to never make it public. I
mean, OK. Well, still if she wants it, I'll tell her, I mean what happened. It isn't a very nice story." From the FDR Library's Morgenthau Diaries Collection, Volume
124, May 9 to May 15, 1938 Part 2, page number 412. [Available online]
As a convenience, amid the turmoil that existed between the
United States and Japan begining in the late 1930s and continuing throughout World War Two, the American public was left
out of the loop of what happened to Amelia Earhart after her 1937 world flight prematurely ended. Evaluating the information
it had gathered, the White House correctly determined that Amelia had failed to steer clear of Japan's guarded Mandate Islands,
viewed her encroachment as an act of aggression. Except the White House incorrectly concluded that Amelia
and Fred Noonan died as a result of being brought down by Japan, as Morgenthau alluded to when he described how Amelia's "last few minutes" wasn't "a very nice story."
Henry Morgenthau Jr.
[who oversaw FDR's Secret Service division] ended his phone coversation with Ms. Scheider, then turned to the other twelve
people meeting with him on Social Security reform at the time, including his key assistant, Stephen Gibbons, further remarking:
"I mean we tried, people want us to search again [for Earhart] those islands, after what
we have gone through. You know the story, don't you?"
have evidence that the thing is all over, sure. Terrible. It would be awful to make it public." From
the FDR Library's Morgenthau Diaries Collection, Volume 124, May 9 to May 15, 1938 Part 2, page numbers 412 & 413 [Available
the White House claimed it had that led Gibbons to say, "the thing is all
over" ten months after Amelia Earhart went missing, it definitely wasn't Amelia Earhart's body.
Of note, Japan never
allowed the U.S. to search any of its Mandate Islands for Amelia, most specifically the Marshall Islands, and it never reported
on the results of its own promised search effort for Amelia.
"Japan agreed to a search effort
of the Marshall Islands, although no report on their progress has been received." From the Honolulu Star Bulletin, July 16, 1937,
two weeks after Amelia was declared 'missing.' With the Sino-Japanese war having just begun on July 7, 1937 [just five days
after Amelia was reported 'missing'] that resulted in the United States placing embargos on exports to Japan...., Japan defiantly
remained quiet about its detainee, Amelia Earhart. To this day, Japan's government has never officially commented on the results
of its search effort for Amelia. As with the U.S. government, it has always maintained a vow of strict silence about the subject
of Amelia 's loss in general.
"Is there any way of ascertaining what the Japanese are actually doing, especially
as regards a real search of the eastern fringe of the Marshall Islands? That is one
of the most fruitful possible locations for wreckage." From a July 31, 1937 letter to White
House Attorney, Marvin Macintyre from Amelia's husband, George Putnam.
Later, when Germany
invaded Poland in late 1939, the U.S. Executive Branch had recently been assessing the reality of Amelia Earhart's continued
survival in Japan's custody after the State Department was notified of a Nipponese Imperial Mandate Islands 'naturalization
request' made on Amelia's behalf that August. Helpless to do anything about it with World War Two at hand, the odd request
was relegated to 'classified' status until it was found and leaked from State Department files in 1972.
Over the years since...
investigations foundered on official silence in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting
mystery." From Bender and Altshull's aviation history expose', The Chosen Instrument,
Simon & Schuster, 1982.
Additional Important History: July 7, 1937, The Second Sino-Japanese War Begins
After Amelia Earhart And Fred Noonan Were Declared 'Missing'
Five days after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were declared
'missing,' world headlines shifted their focus to an even greater concern: Japan's invasion of China marked the start of the
Sino-Japanese War. Considered a 'highly aggressive act' on Japan's part by the U.S., that had recently begun advising and
financially aiding China--so it could build and train a better Air Force for surer defense against Japan--in the immediacy
of Amelia's disappearance, diplomacy between the U.S and Japan was instantly strained after Japan's July 7 bombing attack
on China. The 'Earhart irony' of Don Tow's story excerpt below, is revealed at the onset of the conflict in the way Japan
accused China of harboring a missing Japanese soldier in the Chinese town of Wanping. China refused to let Japan search for
the soldier on its own, but offered to search itself while allowing one Japanese officer to accompany its party. Japan rejected
the offer, China held its ground, and by day's end Japan was bombing Wanping. Just three days before, the United States
had requested permission from Japan to allow it to search the Marshall Islands for Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. Japan refused, well recognizing
that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan had no business being near any of its 'off limits to the U.S.' territories. Like
China, Japan countered to the U.S. that it would conduct its own search for the flying duo. Japan's Imperial Navy then located
Earhart and Noonan and their downed plane at Mili Atoll in the Marshalls on July 6, 1937, although given the gravity of its
developing circumstances at the time, it chose not to disclose it, reasoning how rescuing and safely returning the suspect
U.S. flying duo would imply a cordial regard existed between Japan the United States, where one had not existed for some time.
In short, the timing of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ending up in Japan's custody in the Marshall Islands couldn't have
been worse. Below is Don Tow's excerpt describing how the second Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937, the day after
Japan located Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan so far off course in its forbidden territory, then took them into custody:
"Shortly before July 7, 1937, Japan had carried out
intensive military training exercises in the vicinity of Marco Polo Bridge. These exercises were held every night,
and these exercises greatly alarmed the local Chinese forces. On July 7, the Japanese army telegraphed the Chinese
Nationalist forces stating that a Japanese soldier was missing and believed to be hiding inside the town of Wanping, and
demanded that the Japanese army be allowed to enter the town of Wanping to search for the missing soldier. This request
was denied by the Chinese army, although China responded that Chinese troops would conduct a search with an attached Japanese
officer. Then Japan sent an ultimatum that Japanese troops must be allowed to enter the town within the next hour
or the town would be fired upon. Around midnight, Japanese artillery started bombarding the town and shortly afterward,
their infantry with tanks marched across the bridge. After a seesaw battle of advances and retreats, the two sides
agreed to negotiate. After several days of negotiation but before the two sides were able to reach an agreement, Japan
launched a full-scale attack on Wanping and Beijing. Just before they were surrounded by the Japanese army, the Chinese
Nationalist army retreated from Beijing to the south. Beijing fell to the Japanese on July 29, and the nearby city
of Tianjin fell on July 30; this led eventually to the control by the Japanese of the North China Plain by the end of 1937."
decades, important sounding individuals have tried to persuade people to ignore the reality of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world
flight outcome and her continued survival as one of three women who shared the same identity of Irene Craigmile Bolam. Here
is the forensic truth of it all:
pertaining to, connected with,
or used in courts of law or
public discussion and
2. adapted or suited to argumentation; rhetorical.
3. [when used with a
singular or plural
verb] the art
or study of argumentation and formal
|The United States of America
|The United Kingdom
An overlooked reality exists, where ever since the initial two-week search for Amelia
Earhart and Fred Noonan ended, there has never been any kind of government endorsed,
official investigation in the public interest dedicated to explaining what actually happened to them. Instead,
people were encouraged to accept the duo simply crashed into the ocean and sank, while the aforementioned, 'official silence'
credo was adopted, to be evermore adhered to.
In the face of the long-held 'Official Silence' about Amelia Earhart's loss in Tokyo
and Washington, a number of individuals who deeply investigated the matter professed to have learned the true 'private survival'
fate of Amelia Earhart. Some concluded how three of the greatest nations on earth;
the United States, Japan, and the United Kingdom as well shared a 'classified intelligence' level of awareness that
pertained to Amelia's private survival dating back to the World War Two era. In recent years, Protecting Earhart's
forensic evidence added substantive credence to their common conclusion, to a point where anymore the proof is irrefutable
that Amelia Earhart survived to become one of three women attributed to the same identity of, 'Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile
Heller Bolam.' In 1958, the Gervais-Irene [FKA 'Earhart'] married Guy Bolam of England, a described MI-6 operative.
She also had several friends in England and Scotland and often traveled there in the 1960s and 1970s.
As Amelia she was received by Royalty in England after her 1932 Atlantic solo flight conquest, to include having 'danced the
night away' with future King Edward VIII, the Prince of Wales at the time, who would abdicate the throne in late 1936.
Investigative researcher, Jim Donahue asserted a connection existed between England's successive Prime Ministers, Stanely
Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain, and Winston Churchill... along with United States President, Franklin Roosevelt pertaining to
the hidden realities of Amelia's 1937 world flight. It proved hard to substantiate, although it remains clear both as Amelia
and her later 'Irene' self, she was personally endeared to England ever since she first visited there in 1928.
|Jim Donahue's 1987 book
|The British Army secured the "Yank Jane Doe" [AKA Earhart] prior to the OSS liberation of Weihsien
Much more was
learned in recent years
about the decades-old, 'Irene-Amelia' controversy...
For years, what became
of Earhart and Noonan after they ended up in Japan's custody remained unclear. As far as Amelia Earhart was concerned though,
the emergence of the 'Irene-Amelia' controversy in the late 1960s provided a road map to the truth about her continued existence.
This was further solidified by Protecting Earhart in the new millennium, when it learned the identity of the Irene
in question had been shared by three different women--and one of them, the Gervais-Irene, whose
image appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, proved to be a carbon copy of Amelia. To date, opposing
theorists continue to downplay these recent, important discoveries, while Wikipedia displays only one of the three women in
its brief and misleading, 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page:
Below: The Gervais-Irene Bolam [FKA
Wikipedia's 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page.
[See the 'Wikipedia's Folly' section further down.]
It may be hard to see through to her
at first glance, but this really was
the woman who was previously
known as 'Amelia Earhart.'
Naming The Gervais-Irene...
The 'Gervais-Irene' was named in Protecting
Earhart's forensic analysis after USAF Major, Joe Gervais [1924-2005] who met and photographed her at a gathering of well-known
retired pilots in 1965, and then deeply investigated her background afterward.
Note: After the "Gervais-Irene"
moniker initially appeared in
Protecting Earhart's forensic comparison analysis, the moniker and various elements of the analysis appeared in
a published book for the first time with permission granted by Tod Swindell and Ann Holtgren Pellegreno to Colonel Rollin
C. Reineck, to allow their inclusions in Reineck's book, Amelia Earhart Survived. Extracted elements from
the analysis are shown continuously in Amelia
Earhart Survived between pages 154 and 165. A correction:
On page 164, the book mislabeled Clarence Rutherford O'Crowley Jr. as 'Larry Heller.'
In his book, Amelia Earhart Survived,
Colonel Rollin C. Reineck, who for many years along with USAF Major, Joe Gervais was considered foremost among Amelia Earhart
disappearance investigators, first publicly acknowledged and commended the forensic analysis work of Protecting Earhart's,
Tod Swindell, a past collaborator of both:
"Special recognition goes to Tod Swindell, who undertook an extensive, in-depth
forensic analysis of Irene Bolam and Amelia Earhart to show the world they were one in the same person." USAF Colonel,
Rollin C. Reineck, from his book, Amelia Earhart Survived.
"Substantiated proof exists that she survived,
it's just academia's general preference to close a blind eye to it. It chooses the easy way out of accepting the pretense
that Amelia vanished without a trace on July 2, 1937, never to be seen again." Protecting Earhart's,
As prefaced, the 'Amelia survived and changed her name to Irene' equation originally asserted by USAF Major, Joe
Gervais in 1970 has never been disproved. On the contrary, as each decade passed since Gervais first asserted it, the
Before Protecting Earhart took it on, a thorough forensic analysis that
studied the life history of Irene Bolam and her overall likeness to Amelia Earhart had never been done. In the new millennium,
information discovered and revealed by Protecting Earhart restored serious attention to Joe Gervais' past investigative
research by summarily displaying how all of the elements of the Irene-Amelia equation could not have amounted to
'just one big coincidence.' In short, continued bias and denials notwithstanding, anymore it is plain-as-day obvious
the Gervais-Irene Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart' to anyone who takes the time to objectively evaluate the
Earhart disappearance controversy.
Some of Protecting Earhart's many comparison
|Amelia Earhart, age twenty-six.
|1923 into a mirror self-photo portrait. She would become famous in 1928.
|Amelia Earhart, 1933
|Classic Amelia, the blend begins.
|Orville Wright & Amelia
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia
|Two photos superimposed.
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
|Gervais-Irene,1965 / Amelia,1933
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
|Gervais-Irene,1963 / Amelia,1928
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
|Gervais-Irene,1976 / Amelia,1932
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
|Gervais-Irene,1977 / Amelia,1929
"All the evidence all put together, I feel
like she did survive." "I think
she survived and came back to the United States, but that she wanted her privacy." Foudray
calls the investigative research of Gervais and Swindell, "Just the tip of the Iceberg." Lou Foudray, head of
the Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum in Atchison, Kansas, quoted from interviews conducted in 2009 by
Lara Moritz of KMBC TV, Kansas City, and in 2007 by The Topeka Kansas Capital-Journal's,
The Smithsonian Institution continues to acknowledge the controversy of Amelia changing
her name to 'Irene.' In discussing the various suggestions of Amelia's post-loss survival, it addresses it in the following
[The theory offers] "Earhart survived the war, was repatriated and lived out her life under
the assumed identity of a New Jersey woman named Irene Bolam. At least three books were written on this premise." [Note:
A fourth book was published in 2016.] "...Bolam sued the publisher of one and it was withdrawn, but is now available
again. Bolam died in 1982. The idea lives on." Excerpted from a 2015 Smithsonian Magazine article by Jerry Adler.
Note: Wikipedia is a 'public information supplied' forum. It is not recognized
as a source of 'official world history' record keeping.
WARNING: Wikipedia's 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page combined information about the original Irene O'Crowley
Craigmile with the former Amelia Earhart, who, after World War Two was known by the same 'Irene' name in the United States
until she married Englishman, Guy Bolam in 1958. [See the article following this one about the original, Irene Craigmile.]
Wikipedia's page also incorrectly leads one to
believe the National Geographic Society hired a forensic detective by the name of Kevin Richlin,
who it claimed 'disproved' the 'Amelia became Irene' equation by "concluding the two were not the same." The problem
there is, Mr. Richlin never disproved the equation by concluding the two were not the same,
nor did he find "many measurable facial differences" as purported in the Wikipedia page, and Mr. Richlin will tell
you that himself. Note the "citation needed" added to the claim, relegating such a third-party
statement about Mr. Richlin [submitted by Earhart image enthusiast, Alex Mandel] as 'unsupported.'
The other sentence below about W.C. Jameson's 2016 book also
appears in the Wikipedia 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page:
"Kevin Richlin was hired by National Geographic to
study photographs of Earhart and Bolam and cited many measurable facial differences between
them, concluding that the two people were not the same. "
"In January 2016, Amelia Earhart: Beyond the Grave by W. C. Jameson was published.
The author promotes the theory that Bolam and Earhart were one and the same, despite the above-mentioned
facts and circumstances."[This is the final sentence in Wikipedia's 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page.]
Below, Wikipedia featured this photograph of the 'Gervais-Irene' [FKA 'Amelia Earhart']
on its 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' page, and omitted how the same Irene identity had been attributed to two other women:
Below: The Gervais-Irene Bolam
FKA 'Amelia Earhart'
Jackie Cochran and Eleanor Roosevelt on Amelia's Disappearance:
|Friends, Jackie Cochran and Amelia Earhart
|Jackie's husband helped underwrite Amelia's last flight
"God, the world hounded that woman after she became famous."
Jackie Cochran, about Amelia Earhart
Of the final year that Amelia prepared for her world
flight, Jackie Cochran recalled:
"I was closer to Amelia
than anyone else, even her husband, George Putnam."
[Quotes from Jackie Cochran's autobiography with
Maryann Bucknam Brinley]
Amelia dedicated her
book, Last Flight, to Jackie Cochran's multi-millionaire husband, Floyd Odlum: "To Floyd, for all-weather
| Floyd Odlum & Jackie Cochran
Amelia Earhart & Eleanor Roosevelt in 1935. Good friends, happier times.
Ten months after Amelia went missing, Jackie Cochran
met with First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, who had also been a friend of Amelia's. Jackie handed Eleanor a letter from Amelia's
former technical advisor, Paul Mantz, expressing the likelyhood that Amelia survived her disappearance on a land-mass in
the Pacific among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands. The First Lady appealed to trusted friend and Presidential cabinet member,
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., who automatically deflected any notion of Amelia's continued survival. He suggested the First Lady
endorse the idea that 'everything possible was done,' and to accept how Amelia was gone for good:
"Mr. Morgenthau says that he can't give out anymore information
than was given to the papers at the time of the search of Amelia Earhart." "It seems they [The White House] have
confidential information about Amelia..." "He suggests writing this man [Paul Mantz] and telling him that the
President is satisfied from his information, and you are too, that everything possible was done." May-1938, Eleanor Roosevelt's personal secretary, Malvina Scheider passes along Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.'s viewpoint
of Amelia's disappearance to the First Lady. Morgenthau added how the, "confidential information" the White House
had would 'greatly harm Amelia's reputation' if people found out about it, and how he hoped the White House would, 'never
have to make it public' what it knew about Amelia's loss.
Note: It is documented in an official transcript
dated May 13, 1938, that Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. actually admitted the White House had learned what really happened to "that
woman" [Amelia Earhart] on July 2, 1937. No matter, the White House never did make it public.
just as well she went that way... life might not have held such a happy future for her." Eleanor Roosevelt oddly comments
on Amelia the day after her friend supposedly, 'vanished without a trace.'
Jackie Cochran would go on to become the leader of the Women's Air Service
Pilots during World War Two, she would be the first American woman to set foot in Japan after VJ Day where she participated
in the arrest of Iva Toguri [the woman intentionally missidentified as 'Tokyo Rose'] and later, under the tutelage of Colonel
Chuck Yeager, Jackie became the first woman to break the sound barrier.
Earhart [left] was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic.
Jackie Cochran [right] was the first woman to break the sound barrier.
The large amount of accumulated data supporting Amelia Earhart's continued existence after she went
missing in 1937, leaves one considering the following addage:
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second,
it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident."
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
|Gervais-Irene, 1977 / Amelia, 1929
|The Gervais-Irene in 1977, FKA 'Earhart'
|Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
"You're onto something that will stagger your imagination." 1962, the words of retired United States Navy Commander,
John Pillsbury to CBS investigative journalist, Fred Goerner regarding Goerner's quest to learn the true outcome
of Amelia Earhart's 1937 world flight. From The Search For Amelia Earhart by Fred Goerner, Doubleday, 1966.
Colonel Reineck: "Are you aware that she was Irene Bolam?"
Monsignor Kelley: "What?"
Reineck: "Amelia Earhart was Irene Bolam?"
Kelley: "That's right, yes."
above exchange was excerpted from a September 17, 1991 tape recorded conversation between USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck
(Ret.) and Monsignor James Francis Kelley, a former President of Seton Hall University. For many years until she died in
1982, father Kelley had been the Gervais-Irene's, "close friend and confessor."
|Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, Viola Gentry
|Below: Viola Gentry and Guy Bolam, August, 1965
|The Gervais-Irene Bolam took this photo in East Hampton, Long Island, NY
Above: August 9, 1965, the day after Joe Gervais
lectured there about is Earhart investigation, the Gervais-Irene's husband, Guy Bolam and Viola Gentry are shown sitting together
outside the Sea Spray Inn in East Hampton, Long Island. It is no coincidence that famous 1930s pilot and fellow charter Ninety-Nines
member, Viola Gentry had two friends from different eras that were identical to each other; Amelia Earhart and the Gervais-Irene
Bolam. No coincidence, because Amelia and the Gervais-Irene had been one in the same human being.
Above: A Gervais-Irene Bolam
photo taken in Paris in 1965 superimposed with Amelia. Only recently was it discovered the same 'Irene' identity had been
used by three different women, and the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s. Although known
by different names in different eras, the head-to-toe phyiscal match, character trait congruences, common friends, various
organizational alliances and numerous credible testimonials determined the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart to have been one
in the same human being. Said proven reality notwithstanding, and even though four nationally published books since
1970 avowed to its correctness, for years a network of individuals led by the now defunct Amelia Earhart Society's former
president, Bill Prymak rallied hard against its acceptance by adhering to an agenda of vitriol and ridicule to denounce it.
To date, Wikipedia has only managed to depict a short, misleading profile of the late 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' due to this
omnipresent influence over the controversy. Within the past decade, Alex Mandel, an Earhart fanatic who lives in
the Ukraine, aligned himself with Bill Prymak and anti Irene-Amelia crusader, Mike Campell in order to concoct and publish
a twenty-five page anti Irene-Amelia diatribe on Wikisource. Their combined effort was first presented at the Amelia
Earhart Festival in Atchison, Kansas in an attempt persuade the curious not to take the Irene-Amelia claim seriously anymore.
Few realized their writ was filled with misinformation in its propaganda-like attempt to downplay the latent proven forensic
realities. As private deriders of the Irene-Amelia controversy and forensic truth, Mike Campbell and Alex Mandel
exhibit themselves as current examples of the way the press and the public have long been strongly influenced not to accept
what really is anymore, the obvious reality of Amelia's long-ago name change to 'Irene.' [Note: Bill Prymak, founder
and long-time president of the Amelia Earhart Society, passed away in 2014.]
|New York Mid-Week Pictorial photo, 1932
|Amelia Earhart, Elinor Smith, Viola Gentry; Amelia's U.S. return after her solo Atlantic crossing.
|The Gervais-Irene Bolam in 1965...
|...shown standing on a bridge in Paris with the Mid-Week Pictorial photo added.
|Head to Toe...
|...Viola Gentry's later life friend, the Gervais-Irene matched Amelia.
How could such a thing have happened with the general public not knowing about it? How could famous pilot, Viola Gentry have
had two friends from different eras so identical to each other?
Answer: Even though Viola's 'two friends from
different eras' had actually been one in the same human being, "Numerous investigations foundered on official silence
in Tokyo and Washington, leaving the fate of Amelia Earhart an everlasting mystery." Quote
repeated from above, from Bender & Altschull's, The Chosen Instrument [Simon & Schuster, 1982]
The Initial Meeting Of Joe Gervais And Irene
In 1965, after Joe Gervais was invited by Amelia Earhart's 1930s pilot friend, Viola Gentry to lecture on
his long-term Amelia Earhart investigation at an 'Early Birds of Aviation' annual luncheon gathering in New York, he noticed
how a woman attending the event, Mrs. Irene Bolam not only looked like an older version of Amelia Earhart, but she was also
treated with great respect by everyone there. Gervais asked Viola to introduce him to the American, Mrs. Bolam and her English
husband, Guy. Gervais recalled feeling flush, believing he immediately recognized who she used to be. After investigating
her life history and personal background during the next two decades, he only became more convinced she was previously known
as 'Amelia Earhart.' Joe Gervais died in 2005, forty years after meeting her, still feeling the same way.
Right before Joe Gervais'
passing, USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck's new book, Amelia Earhart Survived expounded on Protecting Earhart's
new forensic comparison discovery of how three different women were attributed to the same 'Irene Bolam' identity, while further
edifying the particular 'Irene Bolam' who Joe Gervais met in 1965 appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s. Additionally,
Reineck noticed that beyond the Gervais-Irene having many of Amelia's earlier aviation friends and attributes in later life,
she also completely matched Amelia Earhart physically and character trait wise. After having studied the Gervais-Irene Bolam
case for decades himself, Reineck determined, and rightfully so, it was impossible to attribute these latent proven facts
to mere coincidence.
The summation of Amelia
Earhart's post-loss extended survival has traditionally been dismissed due to history's disregard toward her disappearance
and other promoted 'mystery solving' theories that confused the general public, leaving it unable to embrace the assertion
of Amelia's continued survival and identity-change. It wasn't until a more in-depth examination of Irene Craigmile Bolam's
full life story, coupled with interviews [2006-2014] granted by the original Irene Craigmile's son, that some hard-learned
truths left the following conclusions to be drawn:
1.) Three different women had been attributed
to the same 'Irene Craigmile Bolam' identity.
2.) An obvious 'physical head-to-toe' and 'character traits'
congruence was shown to have existed between Amelia Earhart and the 'Gervais-Irene Bolam.'
3.) The 'Gervais-Irene
Bolam' appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
4.) The overwhelming preponderance of supporting
evidence coupled with a basic process of elimination, revealed the Gervais-Irene Bolam to have been previously known as 'Amelia
These conclusions outline the forensic truth about the historically singular
identity of Irene Craigmile Bolam.
|Amelia Earhart, age 26, before she became famous.
|Orville Wright & Amelia Earhart
|Suprimposed on the far right
|The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1977
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia
|Two photos superimposed.
|The Gervais-Irene & Amelia superimposed
|From the photo of Earhart with Orville Wright
In addition to taking in Irene-Amelia.com, check
out the book and documentary introduction, and a 30 second video link by clicking on: ProtectingEarhart.com
superimposed into Amelia as seen in the video-clip.
The Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
The National Irene-Amelia Controversy Began Here:
|'Amelia Earhart Lives' by Joe klaas. Published by McGraw-Hill, November 1970
The book dust jacket above and the
article below recall the 1970 headline making story about the curious woman known as 'Irene Craigmile
Bolam.' The book's alarming claim about her was initially dismissed as a hoax and the bizarre episode was nearly forgotten.
Except the controversy never went away, and those who looked into the woman's story the most understood why. The
Gervais-Irene Bolam's very existence truly was perplexing, and her legacy remains part of the reason people have long wanted
to know what really happened to Amelia Earhart.
Those who have a hard time accepting the Irene realities conveyed
here might consider how strangely derided this story grew to be over the years by inidividuals who tried to claim there was
never anything controversial about Mrs. Bolam. As mentioned, one might also see a forensic detective by the name of Kevin
Richlin referenced in Wikipedia and elsewhere as 'the person' who finally proved the Irene-Amelia equation false in 2006.
But Kevin Richlin never proved the equation false and he will tell you that himself. Best advice? While digesting the following
keep an open mind. [Note: After the
Gervais-Irene Bolam died in 1982, she was cremated and buried in a common grave, eliminating the possibility of DNA testing
of her remains.]
About the book, Amelia Earhart Lives
world famous publisher, McGraw-Hill released Amelia
Earhart Lives by Joe Klaas. The book journalized USAF Major, Joe Gervais' ten year investigation of Amelia
Earhart's disappearance. Within it, Gervais authoritatively asserted that Amelia Earhart did not 'disappear' as purported.
Joe Gervais showed how
his mentor, Daughter Of The Sky author, Paul Briand was correct when he discovered Amelia had actually survived her world flight after ending
up in Japan's custody as the hostile Sino-Japanese War began. Then after meeting one 'Irene Bolam' in 1965
at an Early Birds of Aviation gathering on Long Island--and deeply investigating her background afterward--Joe ultimately determined
something else: As World War Two ended, Amelia Earhart, while undergoing the final stages of changing her
name to 'Irene Craigmile,' had quietly returned to the United States after spending much of the war as an 'Alien at Liberty'
overseas under Japan's stewardship.
Once back in the U.S., after reacclimating herself with the help of Monsignor James Francis
Kelley of Rumson, New Jersey, [the same who in 1987 told news reporter, Dean Magley about his good friend, Irene, "After
all she'd been through she didn't want to be Amelia Earhart anymore..."] she was given an executive level position at
the People's National Bank of Rockville Centre, Long Island, New York. [The bank was a heavy funder of 3rd party military
aviation contracts. Of note as well, Amelia had always been astute at managing her career's financial affairs.]
In 1924, as Amelia, she
first became familiar with Long Island after moving to Great Neck where she lived with her friend, Marion Stabler's
family before briefly reenrolling at Columbia University in 1925. [Amelia, who spoke seven languages, had earlier been a pre-med
student at Columbia.] Later, after Amelia suddenly became famous in 1928 while in her thirtieth year, she spent a great deal
of time flying out of Floyd Bennet and Roosevelt Air Fields on Long Island over the course of the next decade. She befriended
other well known female pilots there to include Viola Gentry and Elinor Smith, and she started the 99's women's flying organization
on Long Island in 1929 and served as its first President. Having ceased being a pilot, she returned to Long Island as 'Irene
Craigmile' where she worked in the banking industry for the next decade, ascending to become Vice President of the Great
Neck National Bank by the early 1950s. After retiring from banking, in 1958 she married Guy Bolam of England, the owner
of 'Radio Luxembourg' in Europe, a station that helped introduce the Beatles to Russia. For twelve years Guy and Irene Bolam
devoted much time to world travels. They often visited friends they had in Japan and England, and attended to their business
affairs in Luxembourg. After Guy died in 1970, Irene took over as the corporate president of Radio Luxembourg and continued
to travel the world semi-regularly. She died at Roosevelt Hospital in Edison, New Jersey in the summer of 1982, five years
after retiring from Radio Luxembourg.
The problem was, no one was ever supposed to know
about the incredible information Joe Gervais uncovered. In 1970, Irene Bolam was not about to go back to being Amelia Earhart
again, and high-powered attorneys came out of the woodwork to help her make sure that wouldn't happen. Irene never endorsed
the publishing of Amelia Earhart Lives and she was very angry about it. This caused McGraw-Hill to pull its best
selling book from the stores after seven weeks, [40,000 copies made it into circulation] and for the next five years, Joe
Gervais and Joe Klaas were dragged through the New York court system as defendants in a summary judgment law suit Irene's
attorneys litigated, that ended with a ten dollar consideration being paid by Irene Bolam to Gervais and Klaas, and a ten
dollar consideration being paid by Gervais and Klaas to Irene Bolam. Irene ultimately refused to volunteer her fingerprints
as proof positive of her identity. She also never denied that she used to be known as Amelia Earhart. [Note: At a press conference
after the book came out, in the present tense she refuted the book's accusation of her being "a mystery woman" and
its implication that she was really Amelia Earhart by viscerally stating, "I am not a mystery woman and I am not Amelia
Earhart!" Ironically, she wasn't lying, for she had not been Amelia Earhart in the United States since the 1930s, and
living as Irene since the 1940s she had hid nothing about her lifestyle or profession.]
Because Amelia Earhart Lives had referred to Irene's
late husband, Guy as her "alleged husband," she sued McGraw-Hill for defamation noting the statement indicated she
might have been living with Guy out of wedlock. After Irene produced her 1958 marriage license, the New York State Supreme
Court agreed the book's reference to Guy Bolam as her "alleged husband" was a libelous statement and awarded her
a 'high five-figure' settlement to be paid by McGraw-Hill.
It was amazing how quickly and strongly protected Irene
was after Amelia Earhart Lives came out, and how disjointed and camouflaged the truth Joe Gervais discovered about
Amelia Earhart ended up being. The national news media and academia in general were encouraged to dismiss it out of hand by
the Smithsonian Institution, and the survived families of Amelia Earhart and the original Irene Craigmile also refused
to support the Gervais claim. Still, back then anyone could have reviewed the family photo records and linear life-story progression
of the original Irene Craigmile [a person Amelia had known in the 1930s] and they would have soon realized the Gervais-Irene
Craigmile Bolam was not the original Irene Craigmile.
|WWII hero, USAF Major, Joe Gervais
|Shown in 1983 on his way to Howland Island. Amelia never made there in 1937.
After doggedly investigating Amelia Earhart's
disappearance, Joe Gervais also thoroughly investigated the background of the enigmatic woman, Mrs. Irene Bolam, who he met and photographed in 1965 among
a group of well-known retired pilots. Against a barrage of less-informed naysayers and unforgiving public scrutiny, he never
stopped asserting she was previously known as, 'Amelia
Earhart.' Joe Gervais died in 2005. Adversaries notwithstanding, his claim has never been disproved.
Above and Below: Initially it was hard for
others to recognize the resemblance Joe Gervais did. It was not until decades later, after Protecting Earhart's forensic
analysis commenced, that the first superimposed photographs displayed the Irene-Amelia congruence. In time the study displayed
their complete physical head-to-toe and character trait alignments, and edified how the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere
as 'Irene' prior to the mid-1940s.
|The Gervais-Irene and Guy Bolam
|As seen in the 1970 book, 'Amelia Earhart Lives' by Joe Klaas
| Closer: The Gervais-Irene (Craigmile) Bolam
|Photograph taken by Joe Gervais the day he met her, August 8, 1965
Below: The Gervais-Irene's
suit against Amelia Earhart Lives authors, Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas was thrown out after she refused to be fingerprinted.
Accordingly, "She didn't want people to know if she was or wasn't [FKA 'Earhart].'" Quoting
the 1991 words of Gertrude Kelley Hession, the Gervais-Irene's friend and frequent travelling companion in the 1970s.
|Middle photo taken same day as article below it
|Two photos of Amelia compared with her later self, the Gervais-Irene, middle. © Protecting Earhart
|The Gervais-Irene's 1970 'present tense' denial
|She denounced the book, Amelia Earhart Lives, but she was still FKA 'Amelia Earhart' [see below]
In 1970, the Gervais-Irene Bolam, FKA 'Earhart' refuted
the assertion that she was really Amelia Earhart to the press in the present tense by saying, "I am not a mystery woman
and I'm not Amelia Earhart." Since she had not been known as Amelia since the 1930s, technically she wasn't lying. After
being caught off guard by the new book, Amelia Earhart Lives, that implicated her to be the survived Amelia Earhart
incognito, Attorney Benedict Ginsberg, who had been part of Robert F. Kennedy's legal team during the Jimmy Hoffa trials,
was soon representing Mrs. Bolam in a legal suit against the book's authors, Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas, and its publisher,
McGraw-Hill. Five years would pass before the suit against Gervais and Klaas would be settled by ten-dollar consideration
payments made by both sides to each other, after Mrs. Bolam refused to allow her fingerprints to be taken to prove she was
not previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.' Note the following recorded conversation excerpt between Monsignor James Francis
Kelley's sister, Gertrude Kelley Hession and Colonel Rollin C. Reineck:
GERTRUDE: You know when they were writing the book, Amelia
Earhart Lives, that was a very trying time for her. I can recall people coming
up. There was a judge. I can't remember his name. [Judge Edward Kennedy.] Anyway he was
helping her control those people. I think one was Gervais and the other one.
ROLLIN: Klaas, Joe Gervais and Joe Klaas.
GERTRUDE: Right. Oh you know, that was very disturbing and
the judge was handling it. She sued. I sat in on some of the depositions with her.
I think she --- didn't she win that suit?
ROLLIN: No. She sued Mc Graw Hill, Joe Klaas and Joe Gervais for two million dollars.
She kept asking for a postponement. Finally, they [Gervais & Klaas] agreed to pay her the two
million dollars if she would come to court and give her fingerprints in front of the judge.
GERTRUDE: Oh no, that's something
she would never do.
No. She wouldn't do that, so she dropped the suit [against Gervais and Klaas] after that.
ROLLIN: Why wouldn't she give her fingerprints?
GERTRUDE: Why? She didn't
want people to prove she was or wasn't [FKA 'Earhart']
apparently. And even her own son does not have her fingerprints.
ROLLIN: I'm not sure that is her son.
The above exchange was excerpted from an 11/2/91 tape recorded conversation between Gertrude Kelley
Hession and USAF Colonel, Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.)
"I hope I've just got to never make it public..." 1938 comment from FDR right-hand man,
Henry P. Morgenthau Jr. to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt regarding certain 'troubling' information the White House withheld
about Amelia Earhart relative to her disappearance.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (right) with
friend, advisor &
White House cabinet member, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.
A Hushed Controversy That refused To Go Away...
After the curious revelation
about Mrs. Irene Bolam first surfaced in 1970, those who continued to track it never stopped suspecting her to have been
the 'former' Amelia Earhart. Even after she died in 1982, a ten day investigative newspaper series featured many quotes and
interviews about her enigmatic existence, to include this telling clip from the previously mentioned, Monsignor James Francis
|From a 10/18/82 New Jersey News Tribune article:
|From the investigative series about Mrs. Bolam four months after she died
|Monsignor Kelley & the enigmatic, 'Mrs. Bolam'
|In 1987 Kelley first publicly confirmed Mrs. Bolam [the Gervais-Irene] used to be Amelia Earhart
|Msgr Kelley's sister, Gertrude & the Gervais-Irene
|Shown in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976. The two often traveled together.
|The Gervais-Irene Bolam, Yugoslavia-1976...
|...superimposed with classic Amelia photo...
| ...displays the congruence.
Monsignor James Francis Kelley (1902-1996) was President
of Seton Hall College in New Jersey from 1936 to 1949. He was chiefly responsible for converting the college into a university
his final year there. Father Kelley had many famous friends in government, politics, and show business, and he was a highly
regarded figure in the Catholic Church. In the mid-1980s Monsignor Kelley began breaking his silence about his late close friend,
the Gervais-Irene Bolam. He ultimately disclosed to several individuals, that when Amelia returned from Japan he was the one
who 'received' her, and he had monitored the process of her being nursed back to health. Monsignor Kelley also described how
he had been instrumental with Amelia's identity change to 'Irene.'
|Cover of Monsignor James Francis Kelley's autobiograpphy
Deriders of the Irene-Amelia equation claimed
Monsignor Kelley had grown senile and that he fabricated what he told certain close friends and a few investigators about
his friend, Irene. But Father Kelley was simply telling the truth when he said she used to be known as Amelia Earhart, and
the people he said it to were convinced he did not make it up. In his 1987 published autobiography, Monsignor Kelley included
the following passage in his "My Reasons For Writing This Book" chapter that begins on page ten, and there is no
doubt one of the people he referenced was the Gervais-Irene:
"My reason for not wanting anyone else to do my story was that I knew many of my files contained
some very personal and intimate stories about many people, prominent nationally and internationally. Some of them were now
dead and I felt that to allow someone else to have access to these documents could result in the publication of data about
deceased people who could not defend themselves."
Monsignor Kelley told Colonel Reineck that he wrote a chapter for his book about Amelia's incredible
ordeal that left her known as Irene, and his long term involvement with her, but he ultimately decided not to include it knowing
the controversy it would have caused. Where he and Irene/Amelia were devoted close friends for decades, it speaks for itself
that the names 'Amelia Earhart' and 'Irene Bolam' appear nowhere in Father Kelley's published memoirs. The following helps
to explain the controversy he wished to avoid:
|Their close friendship was evident after WWII...
|...Irene (the Gervais-Irene) and Monsignor Kelley at dinner, mid-late 1970s.
|Monsignor Kelley's beautiful St. Croix, US Virgin Islands home.
|Monsignor Kelley's beautiful Rumson, NJ home. The Gervais-Irene was a familiar guest at both homes.
NOTE: In 1991, retired Air Force Major, Joe
Gervais and retired Air Force Colonel, Rollin Reineck held a press conference in Hawaii to provide updates on their ongoing
investigation of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance, foremost including their certain belief that Amelia had 'quietly survived'
World War Two. Colonel Reineck soon after received a letter from a Mrs. Helen Barber of Wayne, Pennsylvania that described
something her seasonal neighbor, Monsignor James Francis Kelley had shared with she and her husband a decade
earlier. She referred Colonel Reineck to another couple she knew, Mr. and Mrs. Donald DeKoster of Detroit Michigan, (Mr. DeKoster
was an auto industry executive) to additionally verify the information she had been made privy to. Both the Barbers and the
DeKosters were fairly affluent and owned winter homes in the Virgin Islands on St. Croix, near Monsignor Kelley's home there.
The following section was excerpted from the letter sent to Colonel Reineck by Mrs.
Barber shortly after the press conference:
“Dear Colonel Reineck,
My husband and I read about your news conference in Hawaii. We are
impressed by the integrity of your investigation into the Earhart matter and we simply had to contact you with a related experience
we have kept to ourselves for many years. We have a home in the Virgin Islands where we spend winters and one of our neighbors
down there is Monsignor James Francis Kelley. Monsignor Kelley owns a beautiful home on top of a hill on the island
of St. Croix where our winter home is also located. In 1981 during a luncheon with him, he related to us how he was commissioned
at the end of the war to help bring Amelia Earhart back from Japan. He said he was chosen to serve as her psychiatric priest.
He also told me something about missing documents he had to get that she needed in order to help with her Identity change.
The Monsignor told us that he received her as she was being subjected to an identity change. He told us that she stayed with
him at his New Jersey home and I believe sometimes his St. Croix winter home while he helped with her emotional, spiritual,
and psychiatric needs.”
above passage was reprinted from the letter Helen Barber sent to Rollin Reineck in 1991. Reineck recorded phone conversations
he had with Mrs. Barber and Mr. Donald Dekoster, and both avowed their belief in what Father Kelley conveyed to them about
After his friend, Irene died in 1982, from the mid-1980s on, Monsignor
James Francis Kelley disclosed to a variety of individuals that she used to be known as 'Amelia Earhart.' It is therefore
no coincidence how later forensic comparisons displayed an obvious congruence his friend, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia shared.
Below: Author, David Bowman also credited Tod Swindell's
Protecting Earhart Forensice Study:
|David Bowman's 2005 Book, Legerdemain
|Bowman used Tod Swindell's overlay on his cover and credited his forensic study
|From David Bowman's dust jacket...
|Last line down credits the early years of Tod Swindell's forensic study
|By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2006
|Avowed the Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was formerly known as Amelia Earhart
|The Gervais-Irene Bolam, 1977
|Proud with her wings on her left shoulder, she appeared nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
|The Gervais-Irene, 1940s
|The 1924 born 'Non Gervais-Irene' in the 1940s
|She used the same identity as the Gervais-Irene. To date, no one knows who she really was.
The son of the original Irene Craigmile identified
the above pictured, Non Gervais-Irene only as his childhood mother. The Non Gervais-Irene was not his biological mother,
nor was she the Gervais-Irene who forensically matched Amelia Earhart.
How The Earhart Mystery Initially Resurfaced
Beginning in the 1950s and continuing for decades, retired
USAF Major, Joseph A. Gervais [1924-2005], CBS Radio Journalist, Fred Goerner [1925-1994], and New York State University at
Oswego Professor, Paul Briand [1920-1986] separately conducted the first deep investigations that looked into Amelia Earhart's
Left to right: Paul Briand, Joe Gervais, Fred Goerner
Based on the withheld
controversial information and vast number of non-published accounts these three men discovered and revealed about Earhart's loss,
all of them solidly concluded Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan ended up going down in Japan's forbidden-to-the-U.S, at
the time Marshall Islands where they were picked up by Japan's Imperial Navy and detained without public awareness.
and Goerner could not clearly ascertain what became of Earhart and Noonan after that, so in lieu of no better answer they
suggested the two fliers likely died in Japan's custody.
Conversely, after considering the growing hostile relationship that existed
between the United States and Japan back then, yet realizing as well it was unlikely Japan would have allowed any harm to
come to Amelia Earhart while she was in its care, [Amelia Earhart was a hero in Japan in 1930s, just as Babe Ruth had been]
then after meeting a 'hauntingly familiar' and 'highly enigmatic' woman among some of Amelia's old friends in 1965--Joe Gervais
boldly asserted that Earhart and Noonan had continued to survive in Japan's custody, and they eventually changed their names
as part of a quiet arrangement to 'close the book' on what actually happened to them. Gervais postulated how the U.S. and
a post-war, 'silent agreement' to never revisit the tenuous debacle the duo's loss caused--in the interest of maintaining
future diplomacy between the two countries.
From the time he met her in 1965 until his death in
Joe Gervais maintained one Irene Bolam, shown in this
dated photo was previously known as, 'Amelia Earhart.'
After the Gervais story surfaced in 1970, the woman he
identified as the former Amelia Earhart refused to willingly cooperate, thus relegating the idea of Earhart's name-changed
survival to fall on stony ground. However, even after she died in 1982, the woman still remained suspect as supportive
evidence backing the Gervais claim about her continued to grow.
By way of his unsurpassed extensive research, today Joe
Gervais is recognized among the foremost investigators to show why the Earhart-Noonan disappearance controversy was perpetually
greeted with 'official silence' by the governments of the United States and Japan, dating back to the time the two were declared
What The Public Didn't Know About Charles Lindbergh
And Amelia Earhart...
|Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) known as "Careu Kent" overseas, 1950s-1970s
|The 'Gervais-Irene' in Jamaica, 1976. FKA: 'Earhart'
|Fred Noonan & Amelia Earhart, 1937
|Amelia Earhart's Lockheed Electra 10E landing in Paramaribo during her 1937 world flight.
Over time, people came to believe
enough was known about Amelia Earhart--just like they thought they knew all there was to know about Charles Lindbergh until
2003, the year it was confirmed he led a double life in his later years using the alias of "Careu Kent." Lindbergh
did so while working long stretches as a covert operative in Europe, fathering three children there in the process. DNA testing
verified the 'half-siblings' reality for Lindbergh's stateside progeny after the story broke. Their mother, Anne Morrow Lindbergh
died in 2001 never knowing a thing about it.
With Amelia Earhart's story, over the years different theories left a
few misguided investigators claiming to know where her plane ended up. Their expressed confidence led to millions of dollars
being donated to fund major search expeditions, all of which failed. Make no mistake, donating money to find Amelia's plane
was always a bad investment since it ended up nowhere near the searched areas. [Note: As displayed in Randall Brink's
book, Lost Star and further down in Irene-Amelia.com, Earhart's wing-damaged plane was photographed on Japan's Taroa
Island air base in the Marshall Islands in 1944 by U.S. Military reconnaissance.]
To this day most people do not realize how the mystery
attributed to Amelia Earhart grew out of a historical disregard maintained toward her missing person case ever since
she and her navigator, Fred Noonan were said to have 'disappeared without a trace' while they were safely airborne.
It is important to recall,
accepting how people do not just 'vanish into thin air,' in the 1960s, investigators Paul Briand, Joe
Gervais, and Fred Goerner discovered long-withheld evidence that conveyed how the duo actually survived their flight-ending
in hostile pre-World War Two Pacific territory.
Daughter of the Sky
by Paul Briand
[Four editions published from 1960 to 1964; the book that
started it all...]
Gervais, and Goerner, all World War Two veterans, separately travelled to the Pacific islands nearest to the last coordinates
Earhart and Noonan had flown, many of which were controlled and occupied by Japan when the two were declared 'missing.'
While there, each documented one account after another that described how the flying duo went
down in the southernmost Marshall Islands where they were rescued and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy. Fred Goerner, a CBS
radio investigative journalist, even contacted and interviewed Admiral Chester Nimitz who had been placed in charge of the
Marshall Islands after United States armed forces seized and occupied them in 1944. Nimitz' famous confirmation to Goerner
is well documented, where he disclosed how Earhart and Noonan "went down in the Marshall Islands" and were "picked
up by Japan." Nimitz also added such a truth was quietly, "known and documented in Washington" dating back
to the war years.
No authorized source from Japan
or the United States came forward to publicly verify the famous Admiral's words, and follow up investigations were greeted
by the same 'official silence.' This was most assertively done by former FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover, who refused to confirm
or deny his office held any post-loss information about Amelia Earhart in a 1969 reply letter to Major Joe Gervais,
in which Hoover, after stating "information in our files must be maintained as confidential," closed with
the following sentence: "I hope that you will not infer either that we do or do not have material in our files relating
to the individual you mentioned." The individual of course, was Amelia Earhart. The letter was personally
signed by J. Edgar Hoover.
|Seton Hall College, New Jersey
|1944, J. Edgar Hoover, Monsignor James Francis Kelley, Archbishop Thomas Walsh.
The Gervais-Irene's good friend, Monsignor Kelley knew J. Edgar Hoover fairly well. While the
above photo reprinted from Monsignor Kelley's autobiography was taken in 1944 as Hoover was being honored by Kelley at Seton
Hall, two years later, on November 20, 1946, Monsignor Kelley in turn received a citation from J. Edgar Hoover for his
assistance rendered during the war years to the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United
States Department of Justice. Father Kelley's autobiography offered no explanation for why he
received the citation, although from the mid-1980s into the 1990s he did verbally convey to select individuals that he had
been part of the operation that received Amelia Earhart back from Japan newly identified as 'Irene Craigmile.' He also elaborated
that he helped with the arrangements for Amelia's new identity. Scroll down a bit more than half-way to see Father Kelley's
additional Earhart information and testimonials.
The Distances Kept
by Nat Geo and the Smithsonian
Everyone loves the National
Geographic Society, that has always followed the lead of the Smithsonian Institution and its traditional support
of the suggested but never verified, 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's world flight ending.
So it was no surprise a decade ago, after new information surfaced further promoting
Amelia Earhart's post-loss survival, Amelia Earhart Society president, Billy Prymak and other protectors of her status-quo
legacy implored the National Geographic Channel to produce a documentary aimed at discrediting all controversial information
about her disappearance, no matter how substantiated it was. It was clear in the face of so much conflicting data it presented,
the objective of the program was to show renewed support for the preferred 'crashed and sank' version of Amelia's flight ending.
It is worth noting how the Smithsonian, a Washington DC based
ward of the U.S. Government, never investigated Earhart's loss nor has it ever offered an official explanation about it. Likewise,
The National Geographic Society, also headquartered in Washington DC and never about to challenge the viewpoint of the Smithsonian,
has never officially investigated it either. Rather, it has merely reviewed different conclusions presented by opposing theorists.
Nat Geo's "Where's Amelia Earhart?" mystery critique is available on DVD and
is still occasionally shown on its cable channel. In the process of generally dismissing the mystery, the program broadly
askewed the new learned information about the Irene-Amelia controversy. For instance, it omitted the original Irene Craigmile's
past connection to Amelia Earhart, it downplayed the head-to-toe and character trait congruence shared by the Gervais-Irene
and Amelia to the point of attempting to negate it, and it avoided statements made by the original Irene's son, Larry Heller,
who just three months prior to the show's production identified an entirely different woman than the Gervais-Irene as his
mother, that confirmed his mother's identity had been a shared identity. The Nat Geo Channel opted not to display
the woman Mr. Heller identified as his mother in its program, nor to mention anything about her, even though its producers
were fully aware of Mr. Heller's recent ID placement.
to further its campaign to keep public opinion swayed against the 'Irene' controversy, a forensic detective by the name of
Kevin Richlin was engaged to appear in the program, who after his brief review of the limited information the show's producers gave him,
expressed a sarcastic viewpoint toward the idea of Amelia surviving with a new identity.
In a counterpoint way, the most controversial forensic reality aspects of the Irene-Amelia
equation left out of Nat Geo's, 'Where's Amelia Earhart' program are displayed in Protecting Earhart, to include how
the Gervais-Irene appeared nowhere identified as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
Below: Tod Swindell's request followed
by the 1934 born, Clarence Alvin 'Larry' Heller's identity
placement response dated: Friday, February 21, 2014. Subject: ID Verification. [Note: Mr. Heller first verified his mother's image
the same way on April 6, 2006 when he was personally interviewed in New York. It was the first time he commented about the
ongoing question of his mother's identity since he was quoted in the 1982 New Jersey News Tribune series to say he "wished
for the mystery of his mother's identity to remain a mystery." The woman he identified as his mother was not the
Gervais-Irene who was known by the same identity, whose photo image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives
by Joe Klaas.]
Tod Swindell's query, sent:
Thursday, February 20, 2014
I want you to know that I am in full agreement
with you that Amelia Earhart was not your mother. Your mother, as you identified her in these younger and older version photos, led a very
different life than Amelia and bore little resemblance to her physically. Our agreement on this matter is pertinent to
the correct presentation of the facts.
is that you have positively identified these images as those of your late mother, and
that she absolutely was not, and never possibly could have been Amelia Earhart. I agree with this 100%, and understand
that you do too. If you could you send back a simple ‘I agree’ for verification I’d appreciate it.
Larry Heller's response, sent: Friday, February 21, 2014
The attached pictures are of my mother and she was not Amelia Earhart. C. Heller
Proof is available.
Subject: Re: Verification
|The Non Gervais-Irene....
|An O'Crowley family secret?
|Left and right photos...
|...displays same person in younger-older versions.
|Non Gervais-Irene's true identity remains unknown,
|Her estimated age in 1982 was 'late fifties'
Below is the younger and older alignment of the Gervais-Irene,
whose photographed image appeared in the 1970 book, Amelia Earhart Lives.
She was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s, and she was not biologically related to Larry Heller, although she
did use his mother's identity from the mid-1940s on, until she died in 1982.
|Left and right images combined display the congruence.
|The Gervais-Irene in 1965.
|AKA 'Mrs. Irene Bolam' in the photo displayed in the 1970 book 'Amelia Earhart Lives.'
It ultimately proved out after they were forensically
compared, the Gervais-Irene and Amelia Earhart displayed a highly remarkable congruence:
|The Gervais-Irene Craigmile Bolam was identified nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s.
|...the Gervais-Irene superimposed with the 1933 Amelia photo.
|Amelia Earhart, 1933
|Shown in a 1963 photo taken in Japan
|...Amelia and the Gervais-Irene.
|Amelia Earhart, age thirty in 1928.
|Photo taken after her Friendship flight.
Gervais found Mrs. Bolam's close friendship with Amelia's sister, Muriel to also
be odd in a highly familiar way.
Below: Note the uncanny 'sister-like' resemblance
Amelia's sister, Muriel had with her later-life friend, the Gervais-Irene. Their similar appearance was no coincidence for
they truly were biological sisters.
|Amelia's mother and sister, Amy Otis & Muriel "Pidge" Earhart. (Amelia's nickname was "Millie")
|Amelia's sister, Muriel
|The Gervais-Irene, FKA 'Earhart' in 1965.
|With British husband, Guy Bolam.
Below: The most
recognized books that elaborated on Amelia's post-loss existence in Japan's custody
|Daughter of the Sky by Paul Briand, 1960
|The first book to expound on Earhart's post-loss existence in Japan's Mandate Islands
|CBS Journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic...
|A Best Seller; concluded Earhart went down in the Marshalls and ended up in Japan's custody.
|The 1970 Joe Klaas book w/Joe Gervais
|Also a best seller, concluded Amelia survived World War Two as 'Irene Craigmile.'
|By Robert Myers & Barbara Wiley, 1985
|Myers had known Amelia and later met Irene, who he asserted used to be Amelia Earhart.
|Randall Brink's 1994 'Best Seller'...
|Concluded Earhart and Noonan went down in the Marshalls and were detained by Japan.
|By Colonel Rollin Reineck, 2004
|Avowed Amelia returned to the U.S. as 'Irene Craigmile' after the war
Amelia Earhart: Lost Legend
By Donald Moyer Wilson, Enigma Press-1999
Don Wilson became a scholar on the subject of everyday life during the World War
Two era among Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands while researching Earhart's post-loss existence there. 'Lost Legend' presents over a hundred different accounts that described Earhart's life in the Marshalls and on
Saipan given by government officials, former Japanese military personnel, local businessmen and common folk. Most all of the
testimonials were based on conveyed eyewitness accounts, and Wilson actually met and spoke with a few elderly eyewitnesses.
His book handily concluded Earhart and Noonan went down at Mili atoll in the Marshall Islands, but it did not offer a certain
explanation pertaining to what ultimately became of them. Randall Brink on the other hand, in his 1993 book, Lost Star,
seriously entertained the notions of Noonan assuming a new identity and ending up as a U.S. Naval Intelligence Officer, and
Earhart returning to the United States after assuming a new identity in order to live privately.
Lost Star: The Search for Amelia Earhart By Randall Brink W.W. Norton, 1994
Overview by the author, Randall Brink
"In this book, I deal only with the truth about Amelia Earhart's
last flight, a truth withheld by our government because of a tenuous peace with Japan in the Pacific and concerns for the
national security at home. . . . Those who knew the truth, and held it close, knew that Earhart and Noonan had survived. They
believed it was their duty to hide the truth, and so they did."—from the book’s Introduction
This fascinating and revealing book is based on ten years
of research during which Randall Brink brought suits against the government, interviewed key witnesses willing to talk for
the first time, and made forays into the equatorial islands of the Pacific. He uncovered documents that provide strong new
evidence about the circumstances of Earhart's last flight, and used his background as a pilot to interpret photos and technical
data that were previously misunderstood. Meticulously pieced together is the shocking truth: The story of Earhart’s
sequestered existence during World War Two under Japan’s stewardship, and the consideration of her post-war continued
survival as a non-public person.
Abridged Amazon review [by Lynn Bulmahn] of Lost Star: The Search for Amelia Earhart
The Search for Amelia Earhart is
a magnificent example of dogged, never-say-die investigative reporting. To get at many of the government files during the
pre-computer era, author Randall Brink had to describe exactly what he was after. Get a date or memo title wrong and the government
wouldn't even acknowledge the existence of the file, much less give it to him. Brink is also to be commended for tracking
down elderly ex-Lockheed employees before their deaths, who confirmed more than one Lockheed Electra had been readied for
Earhart’s world flight, even though the public was only aware of the Electra gifted to Amelia in 1936 by Purdue University.
Brink and his sources provide compelling evidence displaying how instead of a publicity stunt, Earhart’s world flight
had served a broader pre-WWII surveying purpose, an allegation neither the U.S. nor Japanese governments later acknowledged.
What happened to Amelia Earhart while she was in Japan's custody is examined as well. Was she coerced to participate as a
Tokyo Rose broadcaster? Did she return to the U.S. after the war with a new identity? Randall Brink breaks it all down while
considering these possibilities.
In 1937 FDR's
administration knew the U.S. was likely heading for war, even more so after the Sino-Japanese War began on July 7, 1937 that caused FDR to swiftly place embargos on Japanese exports, just five days after Earhart and
Noonan were declared ‘missing.’ It appears clear enough U.S. military intelligence, with FDR's omniscience, had
requested Earhart and Noonan to not only map uncharted African territory, but to report on any illegal Japanese military build-up
in the Pacific they noticed or heard about. While most of their journey was achieved at a leisurely pace, there is no doubt
those two, and possibly a few other 'white flying' assignments were conveniently threaded-in to Earhart's unprecedented world
flight, that she said would be her 'last great flight' before she left.
This book is a triumph and a must read for any Earhart fan, flying enthusiast, history buff or feminist
who admires the spirit of this fearless female flyer, and is intently interested in what really happened to her.
About the Earhart-Marshall Islands connection...
|The 1987 Marshall Islands Stamp Series
|Shows Earhart and Noonan's takeoff from New Guinea to their rescue at Mili Atoll
It's a historical
truth: The vast majority of Earhart scholars concluded Earhart and Noonan survived their flight ending after being rescued
and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy at the onset of the Sino-Japanese war, that strained relations between Japan and the
United States and left a 'your move' stalemate to exist when it came to the Earhart-Noonan debacle.
comprehensive analysis of Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance scrutinized the key discoveries of past investigators that were ignored by official
history, and subsequently left out of high school and college textbooks. The upper-left page links examine the realities and
obfuscations attributed to the controversy, and feature samples from the first-ever forensic comparison of Amelia
Earhart to the highly enigmatic, Irene Madeline O'Crowley Craigmile (Heller) (Bolam), that proved said identity had been attributed to three different
Amelia Earhart's 'post-disappearance' reality was never intentionally clouded by a vast conspiracy. More simply put, it was
destined to remain ignored along with many other 'difficult to explain' outcomes caused by the geopolitical climates of the World War Two era. Akin to different nations'
post-war viewpoints about certain controversies and atrocities the war generated, so too would the war-era circumstances Amelia
was subjected to always be viewed by the United States and Japan with a let's move on attitude.
That didn't mean the public was destined to forever remain dumbed-down when it came to the truth about Amelia Earhart.
To be sure, the most provacative discoveries pertaining to her 1937 world flight outcome took almost seventy years to be realized.
Another Way The Earhart Disappearance Mystery
Even though it was long ago determined by lead investigators that Amelia Earhart and her navigator,
Fred Noonan ended their world flight in the Marshall Islands, said reality has never been promoted to the American public.
Why? The best answer may include how at some point, for some unknown reason, a mutual agreement about it came to exist between
Japan, the United States, and Amelia Earhart herself.
Note Above: Scroll down halfway to see the
full photograph and the story behind it, with its revealing outline match to Amelia's Lockheed Electra.
Note: Referenced above, although the U.S.
Press circuit steered clear of it, in 1987 the Republic of the Marshall Islands commemorated the 50th Anniversary of Japan's
rescue of Earhart and Noonan at Mili Atoll by issuing an impressive series of postage stamps. One of the stamps displayed
Earhart's twin-engine Lockheed Electra with a damaged wing, as was long conveyed by eyewitness accounts. In 1980s interviews
conducted by Joe Gervais and Randall Brink, it was repeatedly stated by local Marshall Islanders that Amelia's plane had been
transported to the island of Taroa in the Marshalls where it was stowed at the large Japanese air base there. After perusing
WWII U.S. bombing run reconnaissance photos of the Marshall Islands at the Military National Archives, the following photograph
was located by Randall Brink, who featured it in his 1993 book, Lost Star.
Below: A 1944 USAAF reconnaissance photo of
Taroa Island in the Marshall Islands taken during a bombing raid, reprinted from Randall Brink's best selling book, Lost
Star: The Search For Amelia Earhart, W.W. Norton, 1993. Protecting Earhart enlarged and rotated the insert, then
placed an outline of Amelia's Electra over it revealing a match. As Brink noted, Japan manufactured no planes that would have
compared to the Electra's design during the war, and different Marshallese accounts described how Amelia's wing-damaged plane
had been transported to Taroa, to include statements made by two Marshallese brothers, John and Dwight Heine who mentioned
they had helped the Japanese military unload it there.
|1944 USAAF recon photo
|Taroa in the Marshalls, where several accounts claimed Amelia's wing-damaged plane was taken
| Beyond 37's insert blown-up and rotation...
|...and an outline of Amelia's Lockheed Electra 10E fitting well
Earhart definitely came to the Marshall Islands in 1937."
above was described in 2002 to Associated Press reporter, Ron Staton
by Alfred Capelle, United Nations Ambassador to the Marshall Islands. Prior to
the time U.S. Troops occupied it in 1944, Japan had been the ruling government authority in the Marshalls. Based on
his country's own history of the time period, Ambassador
Capelle professed how Amelia Earhart's rescue and continued existence
remained non-public information due to the strained relationship between Japan and the U.S. during the onset
of the Sino-Japanese War, that began just five days after Earhart was reported 'missing' and soon after dovetailed into the World War Two era. According to Capelle and scores of other Marshallese residents and officials, while she was in
Japan's custody in the Marshalls, Amelia Earhart was commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa' [or 'Tokyo Rose'] among
their people. A common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' is "that held by the chrysanthemum." Of note, the chrysanthemum
flower has long adorned the seal of the Emperor of Japan. Perhaps not so curiously, Amelia Earhart's mother, Amy Otis Earhart
attended Iva Toguri's 1949 'Tokyo Rose trial' in San Francisco on a daily basis.
true today: Several individuals who deeply investigated Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance over the years concluded she privately
survived beyond World War Two after changing her name.
As well, much controversial information exists that the National Geographic
Channel and Wikipedia steered clear of addressing in their recent profiles about Amelia Earhart--and the highly enigmatic,
Irene Craigmile Bolam.
Why should people at long last start believing
and accepting these historical truths and forensic realities? Because it is time to look beyond the 'official disregard
viewpoint' maintained toward Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance that has long deflected them. It is
also time to stop donating money to false plane hunts, and it is time to stop adulating the false-truths of Earhart history.
It is time to 'lift the veil' of false-truths about Amelia Earhart.
|The veiled Amelia Earhart
|From a 1923 'into the mirror' taken self photo-portrait.
|Gervais-Irene & Amelia
|Two photos in an equal blend.
"Amelia Earhart survived and she
eventually returned to the United States. There's no doubt about it anymore." USAF Colonel Rollin C. Reineck (Ret.),
who met and spoke with Monsignor Kelley, shown below. [Excerpted from Reineck's on camera interview with the National Geographic
Below: After she was reported missing, for
some odd reason Amelia Earhart's image began to require White House protection. This reply to a request for
more information about Amelia's disappearance by Paul Mantz and Jackie Cochran, forwarded by Amelia's friend,
First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt to FDR's right hand man, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.
in May of 1938 [nine months after Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan were said to have 'vanished without
a trace'] displays the evasive stance the White House was actively adhering
to as far as Amelia was concerned, and how damaging, 'confidential information' about her had been withheld:
DOES ALL OF THIS
COUNFOUNDING INFORMATION MERELY AMOUNT TO A LARGE COLLECTION OF MIND BOGGLING COINCIDENCES? OF COURSE NOT. YOU ARE WITNESSING
THE BASIC REALITY OF WHAT HAPPENED TO AMELIA EARHART, NOTWITHSTANDING THE STRONG INFLUENCE OF INDIVIDUALS WHOM WOULD PREFER
ALL TO BELIEVE OTHERWISE. STILL NOT CONVINCED? KEEP READING AND OBSERVING...
The Testimonials of Monsignor James Francis Kelley
President of Seton Hall College from 1936 to 1949; held
Doctorates in Philosophy and Psychology
A long time close friend of the Gervais-Irene, he admitted to several individuals she used to be 'Amelia Earhart'
"It's hard for most people to
comprehend, by the 1960s she barely recognized herself for who she used to be." 1987, Monsignor James
Francis Kelley describing his late close friend, the Gervais-Irene
Bolam to Rockford, Illinois TV reporter, Dean Magley.
|Monsignor Kelley & Pope Paul VI at the Vatican,
|during a 1960s visit. Janey Blaylock is also in the photo.
|Monsignor Kelley shown in a family picture...
|...his sister, Gertrude in white on his left.
|1944, Monsignor Kelley awards F.B.I. Director....
|...J. Edgar Hoover Seton Hall's LLD with Archbishop Thomas Walsh.
Note: From 1970 on, to include
after the Gervais-Irene died in July of 1982, people continued to question her past. Directly below,
reprinted from above is Msgr. Kelley's quote that left the curious teetering on the brink of discovery:
|Msgr. Kelley's 1982 refusal to comment...
|...Kelley later admitted his friend (the 'Gervais-Irene') used to be known as Amelia Earhart
|Kelley's sister Gertrude & the Gervais-Irene
|Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia 1976.
nature of Monsignor Kelley's later admission that confirmed his long time friend, the Gervais-Irene
was previously known as Amelia Earhart, became clearer after the Forensic Analysis discovered the Gervais-Irene appeared
nowhere as 'Irene' prior to the 1940s...
|Superimposed with Amelia Earhart photo begins...
|Monsignor James Francis Kelley, 1946...
|...with the Smithsonian Institution's commissioned bronz bust of his likeness.
after it was forensically ascertained that three different women had been attributed to the same 'Irene' identity,
with the Gervais-Irene, who Kelley knew well, matching Amelia head-to-toe
and character trait wise, Monsignor Kelley's past admission was naturally verified.
|...superimposed with Amelia Earhart.
Monsignor Kelley Was
Tellingly Awarded For His War Time Servitude
Beyond his Seton Hall accomplishments and the 1946 bust statue of his
likeness commissioned by the Smithsonian, Monsignor Kelley received many awards and commendations. One 'citation and
medal' he received on July 11, 1941 was awarded to him by none other than U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry P. Morgenthau
Jr. (See photo & caption below.)
Elaborated on further down, in 1938, Morgenthau, who oversaw FDR's
Secret Service division, had refused to make public certain information he was aware of that pertained to Amelia Earhart's
1937 world flight, even after Amelia's friends, Jackie Cochran and Eleanor Roosevelt asked him to do so. It is perhaps no
coincidence the stated reason for the 1941 award given to Kelley by Morgenthau was: "For three years of Patriotic Service
with integrity and diligence for the Treasury Department of the United States of America." Simple math shows
three years prior to 1941 was 1938, the same year Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr. refused to release the White House report on
Amelia Earhart's world flight. It makes sense that by 1938 Morgenthau and FDR were aware Amelia had been picked up by Japan
in the Marshalls, just as Admiral Chester Nimitz described in 1965, that such a truth was "known and documented in Washington."
Monsignor Kelley was advised of the matter early on as well and remained involved from that point on, as did his friend and
Catholic Priest associate, World War Two military vicar, Archbishop Francis Spellman. It is likely Amelia's name change to
Irene began at that time.
|From FDR's Cabinet, Henry P. Morgenthau Jr.
|His duties well exceeded his 'U.S. Secretary of the Treasury' job description.
know how Amelia Earhart absolutely disregarded all orders, and if we ever release this thing, goodbye Amelia Earhart's reputation."
1938 quote from FDR Presidential Cabinet Member, Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr. in response
to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's query on why the White House refused to release the details it knew about Earhart's world
flight ending. (See transcript excerpts further down.)
Originally glossed over,
when it was ultimately determined that Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan went down in the lower Marshall Islands that were part
of Japan's Imperial Mandates, there is no doubt Henry Morgenthau Jr. and FDR eventually learned Japan's Imperial Navy had rescued the flying
duo, leaving the question of what Amelia's continued existence in Japan's custody meant in the broad scheme of things as World
War Two approached.
Two other awards the
Monsignor received were also likely relevant: "June 18, 1946 - received citation from the War Department through
Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Force, Carl Spatz [who Jackie Cochran spent time with on Guam just prior to her
entering Japan after VJ Day] and Secretary of the War, Robert P. Patterson," and a "November 20, 1946 citation
from J. Edgar Hoover for assistance rendered during the war years to the Internal Security of the Nation through the Federal
Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice." It's interesting to note that the Arthur Gibson
classified State Department file leaked in 1972 labeled, "Earhart, Amelia: Special War Problems" bore the
date of Sept. 7, 1946.... a date between the two listed above.
Pertaining to the above information and the published book accounts, there is virtually no-doubt Amelia Earhart
spent time on Saipan and among the Marshall Islands in controlled environs when they were under Japan's mandated jurisdiction,
although it remains uncertain that she was continuously detained by Japan after she was rescued in the Marshalls, and only
hearsay ever suggested she died while in Japan's custody. These realities led to a valid question about Irene Bolam perpetually
asked since 1965, that was finally answered a half-century later:
Most definitely, the Gervais-Irene
Bolam was previously known as 'Amelia Earhart'
Note: Not so curiously, after Amelia
was detained in the Marshall Islands by Japan she ended up being commonly referred to as "Tokyo Rosa" among
the Marshallese locals. ('Rosa' with an 'a')
The Power Of Historical Objectivity
It is the plain truth that over the years
investigative researchers unearthed many important realities pertaining to Amelia Earhart's world-flight outcome. The vast
majority of those who seriously delved into it drew the same conclusion: Without public awareness, Amelia Earhart continued
to exist in Japan's care beyond July 2, 1937, the day she was said to have 'disappeared.' Question: How did they reach
their common conclusion? Answer: Objectivity.
The most objective investigators were never connected to any Amelia Earhart research groups or plane-hunting cottage industries. In recent
decades the pursuits of private clubs such as TIGHAR, Nauticos, and the Amelia Earhart Society
received much media attention. However, while offering different theories in their attempts to explain what happened to Earhart
and Noonan; TIGHAR's 'they died as castaways on a desert island,' the Amelia Earhart Society's 'they died while
in Japan's custody after going down in the Marshall Islands,' and Nauticos' 'they died after crashing and sinking in
the Pacific,' they diluted the more controversial aspects of Amelia Earhart's world flight and its aftermath, and they
dismissed the possibility of her continued survival.
Introduced as a more in-depth academic alternative, (as opposed to a donation gathering or money-making
venture,) Beyond 37's forensic analysis thoroughly addressed the following questions:
After not finding Howland Island, did Earhart and Noonan decide to fly hundreds of miles in a direction where they knew
no civilization existed, and soon after die as castaways on a desert island?
2.) In Japan's care, would Japan have optioned
to let them die, or worse, to execute them after initially rescuing and helping the famous flying duo?
3.) With no less
than four-to-five hours worth of fuel remaining when they were last heard from, would the duo have continued to all-but
aimlessly fly around over the Pacific Ocean without even attempting Amelia's pre-described 'Plan B' option to reach her
'second choice' civilized land mass of the British controlled Gilbert Islands?
4.) Is it plausible the general public was
left unaware of something else that transpired after Earhart and Noonan were declared missing?
Consider the following:
"This is a powder keg. Any
public discussion of it will furnish the torch for the explosion." U.S. Secretary
of the Navy, Claude Swanson in 1938, refers to the 'official silence regard' concerning Amelia Earhart's 1937 disappearance.
From Emile Gauvreau's The Wild Blue Yonder, EP Dutton Co., 1944.
|Emile Gauvreau's 1944 classic WWII aviation book, 'The Wild Blue Yonder' is quoted above
Is it true information about Amelia Earhart's world
flight outcome was withheld from the public by the White House? Take a look below and decide for yourself...
|Henry P. Morgenthau Jr., second from right...
|...shown with his assitant, Stephen Gibbons, far right.|
that Mrs. Roosevelt wrote me on trying to get the report on Amelia Earhart, if we're going to release this thing it's just
going to smear the whole reputation of Amelia
Earhart, I mean if we give it to this one man we've got to make it public. We can't let one man see it."
The above quote came from U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, Henry P. Morgenthau
Jr.'s May 13, 1938 Dictaphone recorded response to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt's personal secretary, Malvina Scheider. Via
the Coast Guard Cutter Itasca and additional relays pertaining to Amelia Earhart's disappearance, Morgenthau was the most
closely apprised White House individual other than the President on the true circumstances of it all. Further down, notice
Morgenthau's comment about Amelia having "absolutely disregarded all orders" and how the 'ruining' of her reputation
and legacy was certain if the public were to find out what the White House knew. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, Stephen
Gibbons, (additionally shown in the photograph) was also in the loop of awareness as evidenced by his additional 1938 recorded
comments. To this day the public remains unaware of the 'against all orders' decision Amelia made. It was clear though, the
White House continued to remain uncertain of the entirety of Earhart's flight-ending details and its ultimate outcome, as
evidenced by an O-2 Intelligence file (released by the FOIA in 1980) displaying questions asked in November of 1938 pertaining
to whether Earhart and Noonan had been intercepted and brought down by Japanese fighter pilots. No certifiable information
was produced confirming Japan had done such a thing, but the query revealed the U.S. was still fishing for information concerning
the duo's actual fate at that time. Please continue.
HOW THE 'DISAPPEARANCE' OF AMELIA
EARHART AND FRED NOONAN BEGAN:
ACCORDING TO HISTORY, ON THE
MORNING OF JULY 2, 1937 Amelia Earhart sent her last 'officially recognized' radio transmission at 8:44AM as she and Fred
Noonan continued to fly over the Pacific Ocean looking for Howland Island. Awaiting off-shore near Howland, the Coast Guard
Cutter, 'Itasca' received messages from Amelia and transmitted back to her. Curiously, while the Itasca heard Amelia's transmissions
fairly well, Amelia was unable to hear the Itasca's replies on either of her available frequencies. In the Itasca log's final
recorded messages from Amelia, she mentioned her northwest-southeast line of position, "157-337" followed by her
widely-contested final words, "We are running north and south." Her plane's fuel supply remained ample at that time;
Lockheed Electra had a distance range of 4,500 miles and the leg she and Noonan had flown from New Guinea
to Howland was 2,550 miles. The duo's last coordinates were generally believed to have been, 'Somewhere In The Vicinity
Northwest Of Howland Island, Far To The East-Southeast Of The Gilbert And Marshall Islands.' Even though Earhart and
Noonan did not locate Howland--a tiny island amid a vast ocean expanse--they never reported any trouble flying and could easily
have made it to another civilized land-mass with their 'Plan B' option. Of note, before she began her world flight Amelia
had mentioned to Bureau of Air Commerce Chief, Gene Vidal how if she and Noonan had trouble locating Howland their 'Plan B'
was to reserve enough fuel to head back to the British controlled Gilbert Islands, southernly adjacent to the Marshall Islands.
(continued further down)
Although it is clear the White House
withheld information about Amelia Earhart's flight outcome, it never officially commented
on why it refused to make it public. Among the information
it eventually did release, it was evident adjustments had been made to make it non-controversial. For example, its altered
version of Earhart's final words included the phrase, "we are running north and south." So much left the public
unaware of the final northern-heading Earhart and Noonan ultimately chose. It wasn't until 1983 that the discovered follow-up
'officially recorded' 0-2 Intelligence memo revealed Earhart had specified the duo's final heading as "north,"
matching her previous statement of 'heading for the Gilberts' if they didn't locate Howland.
A 'FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT' DECLASSIFIED
0-2 INTELLIGENCE REPORT revealed how after Amelia Earhart's last publicly relayed radio transmission was logged, she sent
additional radio transmissions that were officially recorded. The report included how upon Earhart and Noonan abandoning their
effort to locate Howland, "She (Amelia) stated she was turning north and they (Earhart and Noonan) continued to be heard
at intervals." The 0-2 report also mentioned, "Her signals became fainter as she continued to head north."
The report was issued in response to a rumor of Japanese military planes having shot Earhart's plane down after it entered
its air space. Australian Air Laison, Colonel H.H.C. Richards conveyed in the 1938 generated 0-2 report that he believed the
suggestion was "not the case." Or, Japan fighter planes did not shoot Amelia Earhart's plane down in his
opinion. It was also true; for three days Pan Am's Makapu Point station in Hawaii
recorded follow up radio transmissions described as 'likely sent from Earhart.' A degree of error bearing correction from
the Coast Guard Cutter Itasca to Makapu showed the signals emanating from the direction of the lower Marshall Islands. To
date however, no Earhart radio messages besides those exhibited in the Itasca's log that stopped while Earhart and Noonan were in the vicinity of
Howland on the morning of July 2, 1937 were ever authorized for public review. Curiously, even the Itasca's radio log
was withheld from the public for more than a year by Henry P. Morgenthau, Jr., a key member
of FDR's Cabinet. A few months before he finally did make it public,
Morgenthau sent a message to First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt displaying his reluctance to release the White
House 'final report' on Earhart's flight ending, especially where it concerned a certain choice Earhart made that was "against
all orders." He also edified for the First Lady how releasing it would 'ruin' Amelia Earhart's reputation. (continued
Two excerpts from Morgenthau's original May 13, 1938 transcripted response to First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's request
for information concerning the 'disappearance' of Amelia Earhart.
|From Morgenthau's conversation...
|...with the First Lady's secretary Malvina Scheider about the withheld Earhart disappearance report.
|An additional transcript exerpt:
|The lack of a "proper search" referenced the U. S. never searching the Marshalls.
Note: Henry Morgenthau
Jr. ended his conversation with Malvina Scheider by suggesting she 'make something up' to appease the First Lady's request.
He did offer to personally tell the First Lady 'what happened' if she really wanted to know, but it was clear he didn't want
to. Morgenthau professed to know a higher truth about Earhart's world flight outcome, and his assistant, Stephen Gibbons also
mentioned the White House was privy to some kind of 'evidence' that would have been 'awful to have to make public' while indicating
additional search efforts would be pointless. Morgenthau's comments were recorded while he was conducting a meeting on social
security reform. Other people were in the room with he and Gibbons at the time, so he was careful while he spoke to Ms. Scheider
on the phone. He didn't say it specifically, but he alluded to the idea of Earhart and Noonan having been intercepted, or
perhaps even fired upon by Japan as they approached the Marshalls by way of 'wireless messages' pertaining to what Morgenthau
described was, 'not a very nice story, what that woman went through her last few airborne minutes.' Realistically as
well, it would have been an important objective for Morgenthau to steer the curious away from learning about Earhart's post
loss reality if it pertained to a willingness she obliged Japan's Naval Authority with after her rescue. The matter of the
Sino-Japanese War starting on July 7, 1937 (just five days after Earhart
and Noonan went missing) that led to the U.S. imposing embargos
on Japan and its endorsement of the Flying Tigers no-doubt exasperated Earhart's post-loss situation
No one doubted Amelia's patriotism. As far as the 'Earhart and Noonan were spying'
idea went, citing their doggedly researched foundations for it, Randall Brink and Fred Goerner, [even Amy Otis Earhart, Amelia's
mother] determined there was a pre-planned alternate agend for Amelia's last flight. Whether those plans amounted to fly-over
surveys Earhart and Noonan were to conduct for U.S. Naval Intelligence became the question. Randall Brink and Fred Goerner
both felt, according to their investigative research findings in Washington DC, that the duo may have been asked to conduct
fly-over surveys in an effort to detect illegal fortifications Japan was rumored to be building among its Mandate Islands.
Similarly, Gervais and Reineck considered the duo might have also been set to begin or continue doing surveys in a different
plane after making it to Hawaii (their last scheduled stop before their stateside return) where an extended layover had been
been pre-arranged. It was later learned a long aviation double-runway had been surreptitiously constructed in the southwest
wilderness section of Niihau at the same time the Howland Island runway was built for the Earhart flight. These hardly-used
(if ever at all) Niihau runways are still visible by satellite today. [See 'The Niihau Plan Rumor' at the bottom of
the "A Few Odd Rumors About Amelia Earhart" page for more.]
|From the Marshall Islands 1987 stamp series
|Earhart's Electra shown re-routed to the Marshalls
|After hearing of Gervais and Dinger's work...
|...CBS radio journalist, Fred Goerner's 1966 classic blew the lid off the Earhart truth.
TODAY, MARSHALL ISLANDS GOVERNMENT
OFFICIALS continue to describe, just as they always have, how Amelia Earhart's arrival at the Marshall Islands in 1937 when
it was under Japan's pre-WWII authority is legitimate history. They also feel American pride and a quiet post-war agreement
between Japan and the U.S. (as opposed to a vast conspiracy) aimed at the protection of Earhart's legacy and essential 'post-war
goodwill' to commence between to the two countries, were the main reasons for disallowing such a truth to be publicly endorsed.
It is also at least arguable, after Amelia Earhart ended her world-flight in Japan's pre-war Imperial Mandate Islands and
spent time on Japan's governed Island of Saipan as well, she may not have remained there entirely against her will. Beyond
Japan's denial of ever mistreating Earhart, and Ambassador Capelle's 'specific reason' statement for why Amelia Earhart was
in the Marshalls, no solid conveyance of Amelia Earhart's or Fred Noonan's deaths taking place has ever surfaced.
for after USAF Captains, Joe Gervais and Bob Dinger's 1960s Earhart investigative research caught the attention of CBS Radio
Journalist, Fred Goerner, who found out their 'seventy eyewitness accounts' attesting to Earhart's survival and travels among
Japan's Imperial Mandate Islands during the war had been confiscated in 1962 by high-ranking U.S. military officials stationed
in Japan, Goerner's groundbreaking 1966 book, The Search For Amelia Earhart blew the lid off the long buried reality
of Earhart's last flight outcome. It also caused an important question to arise: Where Earhart and Noonan did make it to civilized
land and received aid from Japan, what became of them after that? It was clear by the end of the 1960s decade, as if to put
a final lid on the story, the American public had been persuaded by more sensationalized theories to believe Earhart had either
died of an illness Japan neglected, or in a more macabre way, from Japan having executed both she and Noonan.
Beyond the simple 'crashed and sank' idea, with all other
suggestions of Earhart's fate rebuffed by 'official silence' in Tokyo and Washington, the Earhart disappearance case evolved
to become an open playing field. So much so, by the 1980s, out of the blue and with no real historical foundation to support
it, the U.S. Navy began to favor a more 'innocent' alternate ending for Earhart and Noonan with the introduction of a nonsensical
idea suggesting the two flew so far off course in the opposite direction of civilization, that they ended up hundreds of miles
south of Howland Island on the desert island of Gardner, now known as Nikamororo. A more romantic version of their demise
to be sure, it offered how the two lived alone like Robinson Crusoe there until they died of hunger and dehydration. Even
though the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum has always maintained no authentic evidence has ever been produced to support
the claim, the 'castaways' scenario still remains an occasional reported-on news item, helping to sweep volumes of previously
discovered investigation data under the rug of official U.S. history. In the meantime, since the 1970s any mention of Earhart
and Noonan having privately continued to live out of the public eye for reasons unknown by the public, has perpetually remained
ignored by official U.S. history. Recall however, there never was an official investigation that looked into the 1937 disappearance
of Earhart and Noonan. Note how in 1960 Amelia Earhart would have only been sixty-three years old. So where she did survive
her storied disappearance in Japan's care, it is likely she was still alive in 1960, and therefore as well, for years to follow
while sporting a new identity.
Above: General Douglas MacArthur, President Franklin Roosevelt, Admiral Chester Nimitz on the USS
Baltimore, July 1944. Famous figures from the World War Two era, there is no doubt they were all aware of the Earhart post-loss
situation on a higher level than the general public was. In 1965 Admiral Nimitz plainly admitted it was quietly "known
and documented in Washington" that Earhart and Noonan survived their flight ending and were "picked up"
by Japan. The Gervais-Irene's later life friends in General MacArthur's widow, Jean MacArthur and United States Senator, Barry
Goldwater of Arizona were perhaps also linked to a higher understanding of the Earhart story. As was often the norm when it
came to regarding certain war-time controversies, at some point it was decided the official U.S. disposition about
Amelia Earhart's disappearance would evermore be greeted with a let's move on attitude, or, "official
silence." Thus it remained to evermore be officially recognized; After July 2, 1937, Amelia Earhart and Fred
Noonan were technically considered 'missing persons' until they were both legally declared 'dead' a year and a half later,
and according to official U.S. history, it has remained that way ever since.
BEYOND THE OBVIOUS Gervais-Irene to Amelia congruence,
the vast amount of information accumulated since the 1960s that exposed the Irene-Amelia controversy speaks for itself, to
include how the Forensic Comparison Study, along with the recent-years testimony of the original Irene's son,
clearly revealed how three different women were historically attributed to the same 'Irene' identity.
Below: Some post-loss words and thoughts expressed
by George Putnam and Jackie Cochran.
|George Palmer Putnam 'discovered' Amelia in 1928.
|After they wed in 1931, he served as Amelia's promoter and manager until 1937. (See excerpt, right.)
George Palmer Putnam:
"Is there any way of ascertaining
what the Japanese are actually doing? Especially as regards a real search of the eastern fringe of the Marshall Islands?
That is one of the most fruitful possible locations for wreckage." Excerpt from a 7/31/37 George Palmer Putnam note
to White House Attorney, Marvin Mcintyre, four weeks after Amelia was reported missing.
During the year before Amelia vanished,
Jackie Cochran (shown on the right with Amelia) recalled of that time period, "I was closer to Amelia than anyone else,
even her husband, George Putnam." The quote was taken from Jackie Cochran's 1987 autobiography by Maryann Bucknum Brinley,
and was telling of the growing trouble signs in Amelia's marriage. Jackie Cochran replaced Amelia as 'the most famous female
pilot' in the United States after 1937. She too befriended First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, headed up the WASP (Woman's Air Service
Pilots) contingency during World War Two, and with the help of her good friend, Chuck Yeager she became the first woman to
break the sound barrier. Jackie had married multi-millionaire, Floyd Odlum who helped with the enormous cost of Amelia's last
flight. Amelia dedicated her final book, Last Flight to Floyd as a thank you. Jackie Cochran was also instrumental
in getting Eisenhower elected President, and Ike and Mamie often stayed with Jackie and Floyd in Indio in the 1960s. Curiously,
in the 1970s, at a function honoring heroic female pilots of the past, when Amelia Earhart's name was mentioned Jackie Cochran
audibly acknowledged that Amelia would 'never show her face here after what she did,' indicating her awareness of something
patriotically awry Amelia became caught up with after she went missing in 1937, and 'present tense' hinting of her continued
existence as well.
|Amelia with Jackie Cochran, 1937
|Shown at the Odlum-Cochran ranch near Indio, CA where Amelia 'often visited alone.'
Can a person change
over time, to a point where they're no longer recognizable for who they used to be? Consider the following:
"We fancy ourselves as concrete things, something with boundaries, unchanging,
and when we have occasion to refer to ourselves or examine ourselves introspectively, we believe we know what we refer to
and are adamant in our avowal of self. The truth is we neither know ourselves nor are we the same from one moment in our lives
to the next. If we think of ourselves as bodies, our changing self becomes apparent. It is nearly impossible even for families
to recognize a loved one after thirty years of absence, so greatly has the self altered. And a little reflection upon the
changing quality of consciousness is sure to give us some insight into the numberless selves our surface minds and egos have
become since first appearing in the world." Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-1986)
Below are a few quotes displaying interesting, if not revealing
sides of Amelia's private and public sides. The first two are from Susan Butler's 1997 Addison-Wesley Amelia Earhart biography,
East To The Dawn.
The 'Muhammed Ali' quote comes from Susan Ware's 1993 W.W. Norton Amelia Earhart biography,
Still Missing; Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism.
habit of concealment extended even to her closest of friends..."
"...averse as she was to ceding control of her life
in any circumstance to someone else." Then again, when it came to speaking her mind; "Amelia was about as shy as Muhammad Ali."
Where history treated Amelia Earhart
unfairly, it is mainly because a difference existed between what the public thought it understood about
the time period of her last flight, compared to what it did not later recall. One thing often overlooked was how Amelia was
an anti-war pacifist who was not so affected by the growing negative feelings toward Japan in 1937, four years before Pearl
Harbor happened. She was adhering to an isolationist stance, and during her last flight she wrote favorably of all nations she visited. Amelia also spoke several languages to include
Japanese, she adored Japan's culture and she was a hero there in the 1930s just as Babe Ruth had
been. She always chose to do things her own way, and in effect, when the Sino-Japanese
war broke out on July 7, 1937--just five days after she was declared a missing person, she was pretty much gone forever from
that point on.
|Another Gervais-Irene photo...
|...superimposed with Amelia.
"I think of God as a symbol for good, thinking
good, identifying good in everybody and everything. This God I think of is not an abstraction, but a vitalizing, universal
force, eternally present, and at all times available." Amelia Earhart
"Do not believe in what you've heard. Do not believe in tradition because it is handed
down many generations. Do not believe in anything that has been spoken of many times. Do not believe because the written statements
come from some old sage. Do not believe in conjecture. Do not believe in authority or teachers or elders. But after careful
observation and analysis, when it agrees with reason and it will benefit one and all, then accept it and live by it."
Buddah (563 B.C. -
|Iva Toguri, 1946
The FBI version of Iva Toguri (other surname,
"d’Aquino") and “Tokyo Rose”
Following the Japanese surrender in September 1945, American troops began
searching for Japanese military leaders and others who may have committed war crimes. The press—sometimes following,
sometimes beating the military to the scene—did the same.
of these reporters, Henry Brundidge and Clark Lee, sought “Tokyo Rose,” the notorious siren who tried to demoralize
American soldiers and sailors during the war by highlighting their hardships and sacrifices.
their legwork and contacts, the two reporters quickly identified one young American woman, Iva Toguri, who had made such
broadcasts. Brundidge and Lee offered her a significant sum, which they later reneged on paying, for exclusive rights
to interview her. Toguri agreed, signing a contract that identified her as Tokyo Rose.
problem for Aquino, though, was that Tokyo Rose was not an actual person, but the fabricated name given by soldiers to
a series of American-speaking women who made propaganda broadcasts under different aliases. As a result of her interview
with the two reporters, Aquino came to be seen by the public—though not by Army and FBI investigators—as the
mythical protagonist Tokyo Rose. This
popular image defined her in the public mind of the post-war period and continues to color debate about her role in
World War II today.
Earhart note: The statement "Tokyo Rose was not an actual person," contradicts the testimony former U.S. soldiers
gave during the Tokyo Rose trial in 1949--who avowed there had been one specific American female voice with a pure accent
who consistently identified herself as "Tokyo Rose," just as Iva Toguri had consistently identified herself as
"Orphan Ann" or "Orphan Annie." Note as well how careful the language is used where the FBI final report
conveyed how 'Tokyo Rose' was "the fabricated name given by soldiers to a series of American speaking women..."
It is also no small coincidence, in the Marshall Islands, Amelia Earhart grew to be commonly referred to as 'Tokyo Rosa'
after she was picked up and detained by Japan's Imperial Navy, with the common Japanese translation of 'Tokyo Rose' being
"that held by the chrysanthemum," and the chrysanthemum symbolizing the seal of the Emperor of Japan.]
In November 1943, Toguri was asked to become a broadcaster
for Radio Tokyo on the Zero Hour program. The program was part of a Japanese psychological warfare campaign designed to
lower the morale of U.S. Armed Forces. The Zero Hour was broadcast every day except Sunday, from 6 p.m. until 7:15 p.m.,
Tokyo time. Toguri participated in most weekday broadcasts, but other women handled weekend duties.
Toguri was introduced on the program as “Orphan Ann,” “Orphan Annie.”
Toguri’s average time on each program was about 20 minutes, during which she made propaganda statements and introduced
popular records of the day, such as “Speak to Me of Love,” “In a Little Gypsy Tea Room,” and “Love’s
Old Sweet Song.” The remainder of the program was devoted chiefly to news items from America and general news commentaries
by other members of the broadcasting staff.